he Cavalier King Charles Spaniel got its name as the favorite pet of Britain's King Charles I, but the breed itself has been around for even longer. Many old portraits show dogs that look like today's Cavaliers.
The Cavalier is an adorable, friendly toy spaniel. He stands between 12 and 13 inches tall and weighs 13 to 18 pounds. He has a rounded skull, large dark eyes, and a full muzzle. The ears are long and dropped, and the tail is long. His coat is silky and is medium to long, with feathering on the ears, legs, and tail. The Cavalier may be black and tan, red (ruby), white with chestnut markings (Blenheim), or tri-colored (black, red, and white).
The Cavalier does require regular grooming, as the long, silky coat can mat. He should be brushed and then combed every other day. Daily grooming is needed if he runs through wet grass or brush.
This breed enjoys daily walks and playtimes but is also willing to cuddle. He is adaptable; if you are active and enjoy dog sports, he will do them with you. If you are more sedate, he can do that, too. All exercise should be on leash or in a fenced yard, as Cavaliers are still spaniels; if a bird or rabbit is flushed, they will be off in a flash!
The breed is friendly and affectionate but needs early socialization; without it, some dogs can be shy. Training is needed, too, as housetraining can be a challenge. Training is also important for the owner, as this breed is easy to spoil yet needs the same guidance and rules that other breeds require.
The Cavalier needs a gentle, affectionate owner. He does not tolerate rough handling well, and as a companion breed will not thrive when left alone for many hours. Most breeders will not sell a puppy to a family with very young children. The breed is good with other dogs and is usually trustworthy with other pets. Health issues include deafness; heart, eye, and knee problems; and hip dysplasia.
Breed in Brief
Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 12 to 13 in tall; 13 to 18 lbs
Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Calm to moderately active
Training: Challenge to housetrain Grooming: Moderate
saying that training should be inant and can take the upper r
Registries: UKC, CKC Occupation: Sighthound Size: 27 to 32 in tall; no weight standard Longevity: 12 to 15 years Exercise: Daily run Training: Moderate Grooming: Easy lthough the Chart Polski, or Polish Sighthound, resembles the English Greyhound, it is actually a much older breed and developed separately. It is descended from Asiatic sighthounds and was first written about in 1600. The breed was used to hunt hare, deer, and wolves and has great endurance over rough terrain.
This large sighthound stands 27 to 32 inches, with males larger than females. The head is long and narrow, with folded ears, large amber eyes, and a dark nose. The chest is deep, the body compact, and the legs strong. The dog should look like an athletic running dog. The coat is short and hard and may be any color.
This breed's coat is easy to groom. A twice weekly brushing will keep it in shape.
These dogs need daily exercise. A good run in a fenced-in yard is excellent. Chart Polski can also run alongside a bicycle. All exercise should be on leash or in a fenced yard, though, as these dogs retain their hunting instincts and will be off in a flash if a small animal dashes away.
Lynda Mulczynski, a Chart Polski breeder, says, "Obedience training should be an absolute requirement for all Chart Polski and their owners." She continues by positive, fun, and interesting. "Some individual dogs are very domhand over an unsuspecting owner, creating an unhappy situation in _l the home." Socialization is also very important, as this is a highly protective breed that will courageously protect home and family.
Mulczynski says, "The Chart Polski loves and adores his whole family and usually extends his friendliness to their friends." They are wary and aloof toward strangers. These dogs can be wonderful with children, although young dogs are rowdy and exuberant. Many can be dog-aggressive, especially males. They can be good to cats when raised with them, but will chase any animal that runs. This is a healthy breed.
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Fundamentals of Dog and Puppy Training. Although dogs shouldn't be attributed with having human characteristics, they are intelligent enough to be able to understand the concept of, and execute, certain actions that their owners require of them - if these actions are asked in a way that dogs find rewarding.