he origins of the Papillon (French for butterfly) go back centuries in Europe. Papillons were the darlings of royalty in France, Italy, Spain, and even Poland as early as the 1500s. Marie Antoinette was a Papillon owner, as were Madame Pompadour, Louis XIV, and numerous other notables. Dogs looking very similar to today's Papillons are in works of the old Masters, including Boucher, Fragonard, Watteau, Rubens, and other artists. Henry III was so infatuated with his dogs that he named the breed the official dog of the Royal Court. Papillons were first known as Epagneul Nain or Dwarf Spaniel.
The Papillon today is a fine-boned, elegant toy dog, with a happy, alert, and friendly disposition. The height is between 8 and 11 inches, and the weight is between 5 and 10 pounds. The body is slightly longer than the dog's height at the shoulders. The head is carried high and attentively, with dark, round, but not bulging, eyes. The ears are the breed's crowning glory and are large, erect, and feathered with long coat. The ears should look like butterflies. There is a drop-eared version called Phalene, and the ears are the same size and proportion as the erect ear. The Papillon's coat is long, fine, and silky, and there is no undercoat. The base color is always white, with patches of color. The ears and around the eyes must be a color other than white.
Breed in Brief
Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion, performance sports Size: 8 to 11 in tall; 5 to 10 lbs
The Papillon's lovely silky coat can become matted if it is not brushed and combed every other day. If the dog gets wet (which most Papillons detest), she should be blow-dried and combed to prevent matting.
Papillons are active little dogs and need daily exercise. This can consist of a walk morning and evening, with a playtime in between. Luckily, the breed's small size makes playtime easy. A ball tossed across the room for the dog to retrieve can become an exciting game. But don't let the breed's small size fool you; these little dogs also make great agility dogs and flyball competitors. Papillons love to play games of any kind.
Socialization and training should begin when the dog is young. Papillons are alert little watchdogs, and barking can become a problem. With socialization, they can learn who to bark at and who not to, and training can control the tendency to bark too much. Intelligent dogs, Papillons also need training to challenge their minds. They have excelled in obedience competition, tracking, and many other canine sports.
Papillons are good with the elderly, as they are easy to exercise, are friendly, and, after a game, are willing to cuddle. Although they are usually also friendly with children, they are too fragile for kids who play rough. Most breeders will not sell a Papillon puppy to a family with children under the age of 8 to 10 years. Papillons are also good with other dogs, although interactions should be supervised so that the Papillon isn't injured by rough play. They are good with cats, but interactions with small pets should be supervised, as some Papillons are natural mousers and ratters. Health concerns include knee problems, dental problems, and eye disorders.
arson Russell Terrier
he Parson Russell Terrier, Jack Russell Terrier, and Russell Terrier have a complicated relationship. The original breed, now referred to as the Jack Russell Terrier, was developed by Reverend John Russell as a fox hunting dog in the mid-1800s in England. He wanted a small, feisty dog able to go down holes after foxes. After the establishment of the breed and its introduction to the U.S., the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America and the Jack Russell Club of Great Britain have been the parent clubs for the breed. When the American Kennel Club and United Kennel Club recognized the breed, the JRTCA opposed the recognition. In 2003, the AKC and the Parson Russell Terrier Association of America (the parent club with the AKC) changed the breed's name to Parson Russell Terrier. The UKC now recognizes both the JRT and the Russell Terrier, a shorter-legged, stockier version of the breed. The Canadian Kennel Club recognizes the Parson Russell Terrier. (For more on the breed's history, see the Jack Russell Terrier profile on pages 272—273.)
Parson Russell Terriers are relatively square in outline, with a body just about as long as the dog is tall. Two hands should be able to fit around the dog's chest behind the elbows with the thumbs at the withers (point of the shoulders) and the fingers touching under the chest. The legs are long and made for running. The dog is predominantly white with black, tan, or tricolor markings. The coat is smooth or broken. The tail is docked.
Grooming the Parson is not difficult; the smooth coat can be brushed twice weekly with a soft bristle brush or curry comb. The broken, wiry coat can be brushed twice weekly with a pin or slicker brush. Neither type of coat mats.
This is an energetic breed designed to run hard and play rough. Vigorous daily exercise is needed. The Parson needs a long walk morning and evening, a fast game of tennis ball catch, and a training session on the agility course. It would be very difficult to give this breed too much exercise! Too little exercise, though, will lead to a bored terrier who will find something to do, most likely to your dismay!
Socialization and training are important for this feisty little terrier. She needs guidance to behave in a manner you can live with; however, the training needs to be challenging (rather than repetitive) and fun or she will get bored very quickly. Parson Russell Terriers excel in many canine sports, including agility and flyball.
Parson Russell Terriers can be very demanding pets; they thrive on attention and are very single-minded. They are not the best dogs for first-time dog owners and do best with someone who understands the terrier temperament. Although they can be good with kids, they can be very pushy and will not tolerate rough handling. They can be feisty with other dogs, and all interactions with other pets should be supervised; remember, these are hunting terriers! The Parson does get along great with horses. Health concerns include eye and knee disorders and obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
Breed in Brief
Registries: AKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter, performance sports Size: 13 to 14 in tall; 13 to 17 lbs
Longevity: 14 to 16 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Moderate; hard to keep challenged Grooming: Easy
Parson Russell Terrier 313
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