Leopard

Aboriginal Imagies Obidence

his American breed is the Louisiana State Dog and is just as unique as that state. The breed's ancestry is not known for certain, but experts think that Native American dogs, red wolves, Spanish explorers' mastiffs, and probably even the French Beauceron all contributed genetics to the breed. This versatile breed is used for guarding the home and farm, herding livestock, and hunting.

Breed experts stress that the Catahoula is first and foremost a working dog, and her body conformation should reflect this focus. Most Catahoulas stand between 20 and 26 inches tall and weigh between 50 and 85 pounds. The head is strong, and the eyes are medium in size and may be any color or combination of colors. The body is slightly longer than tall and is strong without being bulky. The tail extends to the hock. The single short coat may be leopard-colored, brindle, or solid.

The coat is easy to care for and needs only weekly brushing.

This is an active breed with strong working instincts. The Catahoula needs daily exercise and will run alongside a bicycle, play on the agility course, or enjoy herding. She is calm in the house but is not a couch potato.

Early training and socialization are very important. Structured, firm, yet fair and fun training can help establish the owner as the dog's leader, and socialization can help the dog adjust to a variety of people. Although affectionate with their owners, Catahoulas are aloof, wary, and sometimes even intolerant of strangers. Catahoulas need a job to do, whether it's herding cattle, keeping rats out of the barn, or doing search-and-rescue work.

This breed needs an experienced dog owner who has a plan for the dog. When kept as pets with no occupation, Catahoulas can become frustrated and will get into trouble. They are good with the family's children but will not like rough play from visitors. The primary health concerns include deafness, eye disorders, and hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC Occupation: Versatile working dog Size: 20 to 26 in tall; 50 to 85 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Active Training: Needs training and socialization Grooming: Easy t his breed has a distinguished history going back more than twenty-eight centuries in Malta. The tiny white dogs were so celebrated that poems were written about them, paintings were made, and stories told. The early Greeks built tombs for their Maltese, and numerous pieces of ceramic art depict dogs that look much like today's Maltese.

These toy dogs stand between 5 and 8 inches tall and weigh 4 to 7 pounds. The head is slightly rounded on top, the eyes are round and dark, and the ears are hanging and covered with long hair. The tail is a long plume that is carried over the back. The coat is long, flat, and silky. It hangs to the ground and is pure white. There is no undercoat.

The Maltese's wonderful coat must be brushed daily with a pin brush; make sure to go through the coat to the skin and not just brush over the top hairs. Particular care must be taken with the coat's cleanliness around the eyes, ears, mouth, feet, and genitals. Although the long, white coat is beautiful, many pet owners have their dogs trimmed shorter for ease of care.

This breed is quite playful, even as an adult, but is not overly active. Maltese are companion dogs and are happy to snuggle and cuddle. Daily walks and a play session or two will satisfy this breed's exercise requirements.

Training should begin early, as the Maltese can be a challenge to housetrain. The American Maltese Association recommends crate training for housetraining and for keeping the tiny puppy safe. It also prevents other problem behaviors, including chewing. Potential owners should understand that housetraining a tiny dog requires consistency and patience.

The Maltese is a companion dog and is happiest when able to spend time with his owner. Although he can be good with children who handle him gently, most breeders will not sell a puppy to a family with young children, as the puppies are fragile. Health concerns include liver and trachea problems, hypo-glycemia, and allergies.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 5 to 8 in tall; 4 to 7 lbs Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Low activity level Training: Challenge to housetrain Grooming: Difficult

Maltese 291

anchester Terrier

How To Housetrain Any Dog

How To Housetrain Any Dog

Fundamentals of Dog and Puppy Training. Although dogs shouldn't be attributed with having human characteristics, they are intelligent enough to be able to understand the concept of, and execute, certain actions that their owners require of them - if these actions are asked in a way that dogs find rewarding.

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