Lumber Spaniel

/1 / o one really knows where or how the Y Clumber Spaniel came to be. The breed got its name from Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire, England, where the Duke of Newcastle's gamekeeper hunted with these dogs. The breed is also portrayed in many old paintings, some from the 1700s, looking remarkably like today's Clumbers. The Basset Hound is thought to be one of the breeds used to develop the Clumber.

The Clumber Spaniel is a rectangular-shaped dog, with a long body and short, thick legs. Standing 17 to 20 inches tall and weighing between 55 and 80 pounds, this is a sturdy dog. He has a large head with dropped ears and large amber eyes. The tail is docked. The coat is straight and flat, and the ears, belly, and legs are feathered. The Clumber is white, with either lemon or orange markings on the ears, around the eyes, and at the base of the tail.

This breed sheds year-round. To control some of the hair in the house, daily to every-other-day brushing is needed. The feathering on the belly and legs needs combing and brushing to keep it free of mats. It's advisable to keep the feet trimmed for ease of cleaning. The heavy ears need regular cleaning to prevent problems.

The Clumber is a slow, steady dog and is not the right breed for someone who wants a jogging partner. These dogs do need exercise, though, and enjoy walks and a game of fetch.

The Clumber is not a watchdog. He may initially be standoffish with strangers, but is affectionate and friendly with people he knows. Early, upbeat, and fun training is a good idea for all Clumbers. Avoid heavy-handed techniques and too much repetition. This intelligent breed will shut down if training is too rough. Clumbers enjoy several dog sports, including agility, obedience, and hunt tests.

The Clumber Spaniel loves to spend time with the family. Although he can be left alone occasionally, he does not like to be left at home alone for long hours every day. He is great with kids and loves to play games. The breed is also good with other dogs and pets. One drawback to the breed is the drool; Clumbers do drool, often in great quantities, especially when anticipating food or treats. Health concerns include hip dyspla-sia, allergies, and eye, ear, and back problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Gun dog Size: 17 to 20 in tall; 55 to 80 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Low activity level Training: Keep it fun Grooming: Moderate

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he Cockapoo (or Cockerpoo) is a mixed-breed dog, the cross between a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle, and has been popular in the United States for more than thirty years. Although many cute, fuzzy dogs of dubious ancestry have been called Cockapoos, as the North American Cockapoo Registry states, "A true Cockapoo is only a purposeful, planned crossing of a purebred Cocker Spaniel with a purebred Poodle." However, many breeders are now breeding Cockapoos to Cockapoos with the goal of creating a new breed. Several registries keep records of breedings, and at some point there may be a motion to have Cockapoos recognized as an official breed with one or all breed registries.

Cockapoos are still mixed-breed dogs, and this makes describing the breed a little difficult. As with any mixed breed, some of the offspring will be more like the Poodle and some more like the

Cocker Spaniel. However, most Cockapoos from a Cocker Spaniel and a Miniature Poodle cross are Cocker Spaniel height (14 to 16 inches tall) but slighter in build. The coat is usually wavy to curly but without tight curls. Although the tail is sometimes docked, some breeders leave it naturally long. The face and expression usually show the mixed ancestry with characteristics of both breeds. Most are bright-eyed, intelligent, and ready for anything that comes their way.

Since both the Poodle and Cocker Spaniel have coats that grow continually and require regular grooming, so does the Cockapoo. Unless the dog is shaved short, the coat needs daily brushing and combing to keep it from matting. The hair needs to be trimmed every four to six weeks. The hanging ears can be quite heavy with long hair on them and require regular cleaning.

Cockapoos vary in temperament and need for exercise. Some are calmer, more like their Cocker Spaniel ancestors, while others are quite busy—more like Poodles. The majority of Cockapoos need a vigorous walk morning and evening and a boisterous playtime in between. Without exercise, Cockapoos are smart enough to get into trouble and may use up all that excess energy doing something you'd rather they didn't do!

Socialization is very important. Young Cockapoos should meet people of all ages and ethnic backgrounds and get to play with puppies of various breeds. Training should also begin early, as Cockapoos are usually very quick and bright. The training should be structured yet fun. These dogs often get bored if training is too repetitive, so trick training and other activities can be incorporated. Many Cockapoos are serving as wonderful volunteer therapy dogs.

The variety within this mixed breed applies to many characteristics; some Cockapoos are wonderful with children, while others are not. Some are excellent with other dogs and small pets, and others are not. Each Cockapoo is an individual, and that's one of the characteristics many people enjoy. Cockapoos are, for the most part, healthy dogs, but problems can be inherited from both parent breeds, including knee problems, eye defects, and allergies.

Hypoallergenic Non Shedding Dog Breeds

Breed in Brief

Registries: Cockapoo registries (see appendix) Occupation: Companion Size: Varies; usually 14 to 16

in tall; 20 to 25 lbs Longevity: 14 to 16 years Exercise: Daily walks and games

Training: Easy; hard to keep focused Grooming: Moderate to difficult

ocker Spaniel

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he spaniel family of dogs is a very old one, dating back as far as the 14 th century. Cocker Spaniels are the smallest of the sporting dog breeds, and legend has it they got their name from their proficiency at flushing woodcocks. The breed as it is now known developed in the United States. To handle the hunting conditions in the U.S., the breed developed a shorter back and longer legs. Today, the American Cocker Spaniel is visibly a different breed from the English Cocker Spaniel.

Cocker Spaniels stand between 13.5 and 15 5 inches tall and weigh between 24 and 30 pounds, with females smaller than males. The American Cocker's face is one of the most recognizable in the canine world, with round, full, intelligent eyes, a rounded head, a broad muzzle, and hanging ears. The Cocker's body is sturdy and compact; he is an athlete and should be ready for action at all times. The coat is short on the head and medium-length on the body. The legs are well-feathered. The acceptable

colors include black, black and tan, cream, red, brown, and even parti-colors. The tail is docked.

Grooming is a big part of Cocker ownership. The silky coat requires daily brushing and combing; ignoring the coat will result in a matted mess. Many pet owners keep the coat trimmed short for ease of care. You will also need to check and clean the ears on a regular basis, at least twice weekly. The coat requires trimming every four to six weeks. If you wish to learn how to do this yourself, ask your breeder for guidance. If you would prefer not to do it, a professional groomer will be happy to help you.

Cocker Spaniels are active dogs; bred to run in the field, they need a long, vigorous walk or a good run every day. Cockers shouldn't be allowed to run free outside of a fenced-in yard, however, as many have retained their hunting instincts. If a rabbit or squirrel dashes past, they will be off after it. Most Cockers enjoy a game of fetch and canine sports, especially agility and flyball.

Early socialization is important. Although Cockers should be happy extroverts, some can be a little on the shy and fearful side. When they are introduced to a variety of people, other dogs, and the sights and sounds of the world, this tendency can be diminished. Training is important for both the Cocker and his owner, as Cockers are excellent at manipulating their owners. That wonderful head and those expressive eyes can get to anyone, but Cockers, just like all other dogs, need to learn household rules and social manners.

A well-trained, well-socialized Cocker Spaniel can be a wonderful playmate for kids. Sturdy enough to play yet small enough not to be overpowering, Cockers will play with the kids and then take a nap curled up with them. Most Cockers are also good with other family pets, although interactions should be supervised; many Cockers want to chase anything that runs. Major health concerns include eye defects, knee problems, car-diomyopathy, hypothyroidism, and hip and elbow dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter, performance sports Size: 13.5 to 15.5 in tall; 24

to 30 lbs Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Difficult ollie

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