Miniature Medium and Standard Fleece Coat and Wool Coat

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Mini Irish Water Spaniel Puppies

Breed in Brief

Registries: Australian Labradoodle Association, Australian Labradoodle Club of America Occupation: Companion, service dog Size: Mini:14 to 16 in tall; 15 to 25 lbs

Medium: 17 to 20 in tall; 30 to 45 lbs

Standard: 21 to 24 in tall; 50 to 65 lbs Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Most are active, but exercise needs vary Training: Needs vary Grooming: Moderate he Labradoodle originated in Australia when a school for training dogs for the vision-impaired received a request for a dog from a woman whose husband was allergic to dogs. To try to suit her needs, a Labrador Retriever was crossed with a white Standard Poodle, and the offspring were called Labradoodles. After that beginning, a number of breeders became involved, but the crosses were not limited to the original two breeds. Poodles of all three sizes were used, along with Irish Water Spaniels and Curly Coated Retrievers, as well as American and English Cocker Spaniels. In the United States (and other countries), Labradoodles are still primarily crosses between Labrador Retrievers and Poodles, usually Standard Poodles.

The Australian Labradoodle Association and Australian Labradoodle Club of America are trying to establish a breed standard with the goal of getting the breed recognized as a pure breed. Their goal is to produce a dog in three sizes (Standard, Medium, and Miniature) with two coat types (fleece and wool). Until they gain the cooperation of the majority of breeders, conformation (such as height, head shape, ear size and position, and coat type) can vary depending upon the crosses used to produce each individual dog.

Although many Labradoodles are advertised as nonshedding and hypoallergenic, there is still too much variety among these dogs to make that statement accurately. Most dogs do have a lush coat that needs brushing and combing two or three times a week.

Many Labradoodles have served successfully as service dogs, but most are family pets. Since the breed is still in its formative stages, it is impossible to predict the dogs' needs regarding grooming, training, exercise, or health concerns, and every dog should be regarded as an individual. Happily, the majority of Labradoodles are bright, intelligent, attractive dogs who have the potential to be wonderful family pets.

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abrador Retriever

^^e Labrador Retriever originated in Newfoundland, Canada. Small water dogs were used to retrieve birds and fish; they even pulled small boats through the water. Their strong desire to work, versatility, and waterproof coats impressed fishermen, one of whom brought a dog back to England with him. Lord Malmsbury saw this dog, then called a St. John's Dog, and imported several from Newfoundland. Lord Malmsbury is credited with having started to call the dogs Labradors, although the reason is lost to history. Eventually, the English quarantine stopped additional imports from coming into the country, and the Labradors already in England were cross-bred to other retrievers. However, breed fanciers soon put a stop to that, and the breed as we know it today was born.

The Lab is a medium-sized, strongly built dog that retains its hunting and working instincts. Standing between 21.5 and 24.5 inches tall and weighing between 55 and 80 pounds, with females smaller than males, the breed is compact and well-balanced. Labs have short, weather-resistant coats that can be yellow, black, or chocolate. The head is broad, the eyes are friendly, and the tail is otterlike.

Grooming a Lab is not difficult, although it is amazing how much the coat can shed at times. Shedding is worst in spring and fall when the short, dense undercoat and coarser outer coat lose all the dead hair. Brushing daily during these times will lessen the amount of hair in the house.

Labs do everything with vigor. When it's time to play, they play hard. When it's time to take a nap, they do that with enthusiasm, too. But this desire to play and instinct to work means that Labs need vigorous exercise every day and a job to do. They need to bring in the newspaper every

Labrador Doing FlyballWorking Lab Conformation

morning, learn to pick up their toys, and train in obedience. activities, including agility, flyball, field tests and trials, tracking apy dog work. Labs still enjoy swimming, and if water is available, a swim is a great way to burn off excess energy.

Early socialization and training can teach a Lab puppy household rules and social manners. Training should continue throughout puppyhood and into adulthood so that the Lab's mind is kept busy. She can learn advanced obedience, tricks, or anything else her owner wishes to teach her.

Labrador Retrievers are great family dogs. They will bark when people approach the house but are not watchdogs or protective. Puppies are boisterous and rambunctious and need to be taught to be gentle with young children. Older kids will enjoy the Lab's willingness to play. Most Labs are also good with other dogs and can learn to live with small pets, although interactions should be supervised. Health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, knee problems, eye problems, and allergies.

Labs do very well in many canine , search-and-rescue work, and ther-

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter, companion, performance sports

to 80 lbs Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Easy; a challenge to keep motivated Grooming: Easy

akeland Terrier

Woman Carries Lakeland Terrier

his English breed originated in the Cumberland region in the 1800s. Her ancestors probably include the Border Terrier and the Bedlington Terrier, although experts believe that other terriers may also have been used. Her primary occupation was to hunt the foxes that would prey on the farmer's sheep during lambing season.

The Lakeland Terrier stands 14 to 15 inches tall and weighs between 15 and 17 pounds. Her head is broad and muzzle is strong. The eyes are small, and the ears are folded forward. The body is as long as the dog is tall at the shoulders. The tail is docked and carried erect. The coat is double, with a soft undercoat and a wiry outer coat. Acceptable colors include wheaten, red, liver, and black.

This coat requires twice weekly brushing and combing to remove dirt and dead hair and to prevent matting. The coat needs trimming once a month. Potential owners should discuss coat care and grooming needs with a breeder prior to purchasing a Lakeland Terrier. This active breed needs daily exercise. Although a Lakeland will have fun on walks, she will also enjoy jogging, playing flyball, and training on the agility course. These dogs are busy and, if left alone too long, will find ways to amuse themselves. All exercise should be on leash or inside a fenced yard, as these dogs are instinctive hunters and love a good chase.

The Lakeland is bright and intelligent but is also independent and can be stubborn. Early training and socialization are important, but the training process can be challenging. Training should be structured yet fun, and the owner consistent and patient.

This breed needs an active, involved owner who understands the terrier temperament. Although usually good with children, this dog tends to bond more strongly with one owner than with the entire family. Lakelands are normally good with other pets in the family. This is a healthy breed but can suffer from Legg-Perthe's disease.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter Size: 14 to 15 in tall; 15 to 17 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Active Training: Challenge Grooming: Breed-specific needs

arge Munsterlander

German Munsterlander

he Large Munsterlander is a hunting dog that originated in Germany from a variety of other breeds, including pointers and other bird dogs. It used to be known as a color variety of the German Longhair Pointer; however, in the early 1900s, the Large Munsterlander was recognized as an individual breed in Germany.

The Large Munsterlander stands between 23 and 26 inches tall and weighs 53 to 76 pounds. The head is long, with medium-sized eyes and broad, dropped ears. The body is as long as the dog is tall at the shoulders. The tail is long. The coat was developed as protection against briars and brambles in the field and is medium in length, black and white, with feathering on the legs, belly, tail, and ears. There can be differences in height, weight, and other characteristics, as this breed was bred specifically for its hunting abilities rather than as a show dog.

This breed needs twice weekly brushing and combing. Although the coat is relatively easy to care for, it can tangle, especially if the dog has been hunting or swimming.

These dogs are quite active and need daily exercise. They also need something to do; if not used for hunting, they need a chance to train in agility, learn tracking, or play flyball. A Large

Munsterlander who does not get enough exercise can easily get into trouble. All exercise should be on leash or within a fenced-in yard.

This breed is not difficult to train, although she can be easily distracted by the scent or sight of birds. Training should be structured but fun. The breed can be quite vocal, which can cause neighborhood problems. Although these dogs are by nature friendly with other people and dogs, early socialization is nevertheless important.

The Large Munsterlander is still very much a hunting dog and does best in a home where she is used for that purpose. She is great with children, other dogs, and other small pets. The primary health concern is hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: UKC Occupation: Hunter Size: 23 to 26 in tall; 53 to 76 lbs

Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Needs a job or purpose Grooming: Easy to moderate

Large Munsterlander 287


Images Conflicting Needs Animals

he history of this German breed is full of mystery, as various historians have published conflicting versions of the breed's beginnings. Most agree that Landseer (black and white) Newfoundlands and Saint Bernards were foundation breeds, but the other breeds (including the Great Pyrenees, Pyrenean Mountain Dog, and others) are uncertain. One interesting fact is that this giant breed was bred primarily as a companion; most German dogs were bred to work.

These dogs stand 25.5 to 31.5 inches tall and weigh between 100 and 135 pounds.

This is a strong, well-balanced breed with a big head that is longer than it is wide. The eyes are brown, the ears are dropped, and the muzzle is black. The tail is long and plumed. The breed has a double coat. The outer coat is medium to long in colors including gold, red, reddish-brown, and brown, all with or without black tips.

The Leonberger Club of America says, "Leos can cover your house with a lot more fur than a smaller dog can. Their fur can jam your vacuum cleaner many times over!" These dogs should be brushed two or three times per week, or more when shedding heavily.

This very intelligent, active, playful breed needs companionship, daily exercise, and something to keep the mind busy. Many do well as therapy, search-and-rescue, and water rescue dogs. When left alone too long, young Leos can be destructive. The Leonberger Club of America recommends using interactive toys (such as those that dispense treats) to keep puppies amused when left alone.

This breed thrives with gentle, patient, and firm yet fun training. Early socialization is also important, as Leos are wary of strangers.

Leos do best with owners who enjoy spending time with affectionate dogs and who want to do things with them. Leos are very good with children and are usually good with other pets, too. The breed has some drug sensitivities and can have problems with hip and elbow dysplasia, bloat, and Addison's disease.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC, CKC

Occupation: Companion Size: 25.5 to 31.5 in tall; 100

to 135 lbs Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Busy and active Training: Fun yet firm Grooming: Sheds!

hasa Apso

Hasa Tibet

'n its native Tibet, the Lhasa Apso is known as Apso Seng Kyi, or Bearded Lion Dog. Lhasas were bred for hundred of years as companions and watchdogs for Buddist monasteries and Tibetan nobility.

The Lhasa Apso stands 10 to 11 inches tall and weighs between 14 and 15 pounds. The eyes are dark, the ears are hanging, and the body is slightly longer than it is tall. The tail is carried over the back. The coat is the breed's glory—thick, heavy, and straight. The coat is long and is parted in the middle of the skull, with the part continuing down the dog's back to the tail. In show dogs, the coat may drag on the floor. All colors are acceptable.

The coat requires considerable care and should be brushed and combed daily, especially if kept long. Many pet owners keep the coat trimmed to a shorter, more manageable length, but even when short, the coat must be combed daily to keep it clean and to prevent mats from forming. Particular care is needed to keep the eyes, ears, and mouth clean, as well as the feet and genitals.

Although Lhasa Apso puppies are quite playful, adults are calm. A daily walk and a play session will satisfy most dogs.

Training should begin early. Although bred to be companion dogs, Lhasa Apsos can have an independent and slightly stubborn nature. Training needs to be structured but fun and playful. Housetraining can take time; owners must be consistent and patient. Wary of strangers, these dogs require early socialization.

Lhasa Apsos are first and foremost companion dogs and are not happy when left alone too much. They are excellent with single adults who live by themselves. Lhasas can be good with children who treat them with respect, but they will not tolerate rough play or handling. They are watchdogs but are not overly yappy. Health concerns include eye problems, kidney disease, and allergies.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Watchdog, companion Size: 10 to 11 in tall; 14 to 15 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Low activity level Training: Challenge to housetrain Grooming: Difficult

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    How to wash a puppy with a wool coat?
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