Ntlebucher Sennenhund

he Entlebucher Sennenhund, also called the Entlebucher Mountain Dog or Entlebucher Cattle Dog, is the smallest of the group of four Swiss dogs that includes the Bernese Mountain Dog, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and Appenzeller. The breed was a herding dog and guardian for livestock, people, and farms.

This breed is medium-sized, standing 16 to 20 inches tall and weighing between 50 and 75 pounds. The muzzle is long, the eyes are dark and small, and the ears dropped. The tail is often a natural bobtail, but if it isn't, it can be either docked or left long. The coat is short and hard and is a classic tricolor—primarily black with rust and white markings.

The short coat does shed and should be brushed twice weekly except during heavy shedding, when a daily brushing will help control hair in the house.

The Entlebucher Sennenhund is not overly active, although puppies can be quite rambunctious. Adults are normally calm in the house but will enjoy any activities you wish to pursue. They enjoy walks, a good run, training to pull a cart or wagon, and agility training. The breed does not tolerate hot, humid weather well.

This breed is very wary of strangers, so early socialization is critical. Without adequate socialization, the dogs can become too reactive and will be overly watchful or fearfully shy. The breed was bred to work, so early training is important, too, to keep the mind busy. The training should be firm and structured, yet fun.

The Entlebucher Sennenhund needs an experienced owner who understands working and herding dogs. He needs a job to do and a purpose. He is friendly and loyal to family and friends but is watchful of his property and wary of strangers. He is great with children, although puppies can be rowdy and must learn the rules of good behavior around kids. When raised with them, he is very tolerant of other pets. Health concerns include eye problems and hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC, CKC

Occupation: Herder, guardian Size: 16 to 20 in tall; 50 to 75 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Easy

urasier

Sennenhund Rassen

he Eurasier is a very new breed. It was developed in the 1960s in Germany by Julius Wipfel to be a family pet. The original mix included the Chow Chow, the Wolfspitz, and, later, the Samoyed. Although watchful and wary of strangers, this is not a working dog.

The Eurasier stands 18 to 24 inches tall and weighs between 40 and 70 pounds, with females smaller than males. This breed should be well balanced, with a spitztype appearance. The Eurasier has a wedge-shaped head and prick ears. The tail is carried over the back. The coat has a thick undercoat, with a medium-long outer coat that lies flat. The legs and tail are feathered. The coat can be fawn, red, wolf gray, black, or black and tan.

The coat is easy to care for but does require regular brushing, especially during the spring and fall when shedding is at its worst.

Josee Dessouroux of MacArras Brook Euraisers says of the breed's exercise needs, "The Eurasier is very playful. They learn tricks easily and love to do them as long as you don't ask them to repeat them endlessly. They are also very agile and love to run. One to two hours a day for exercise is best, off leash when possible." Off-leash play should always be in a fenced yard, of course, so the dog doesn't dash away.

Training the Eurasier takes a light touch. Dessouroux says, "This breed responds best to positive reinforcements. But don't expect an Eurasier to always be obedient; they have a certain level of independence, which sometimes makes them a little stubborn. They are not suited for sports such as agility. That doesn't mean they can't do it; they can, but they won't do it to win." She emphasizes, "They were bred as companions, not as working dogs."

The Eurasier is a family dog, devoted and affectionate, although he usually bonds more strongly with one person. He is good with children in his family who treat him with respect, and he's good with other pets. Health concerns include hip dys-plasia and eye disease.

Breed in Brief

Registries: UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 18 to 24 in tall; 40 to 70 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Active Training: Easy; moderate compliance Grooming: Moderate

ield Spaniel

Spaniel Varieties

he Field Spaniel and Cocker Spaniel were, at one time, one and the same. In any given litter, the larger pups were called Field Spaniels, and the smaller dogs were called Cockers. The relationship doesn't end there, however. The breeds known today as English Springer Spaniels, Sussex Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniels, and American Cocker Spaniels are all descended from the ancient, related spaniels that were simply called Spaniels in England.

The dogs that eventually became Field Spaniels lived through some grave disservices on the part of a few breeders. Phineas Bullock of England took some dogs of Field Spaniel heritage and created dogs that had very low and long bodies and heavy bones. These dogs were still spaniels but looked nothing like any other spaniel in existence, and many people called them grotesque. It took considerable effort by dedicated breeders in England and in North America to re-create the balanced, athletic Field Spaniel known today.

These dogs stand 17 to 18 inches tall and usually weigh between 35 and 50 pounds. The body is slightly longer than tall, well balanced, and moderate in everything without any extremes. The ears are dropped, and the tail is usually docked. The coat is a single coat (with no undercoat) and moderately long. The chest, belly, back of legs, and ears are feathered. The coat is black, liver, or golden liver.

This breed is not as heavily coated as the Cocker Spaniel, but it does need regular brushing and combing to prevent mats. The ears, insides of the ears, paws, and under the tail should be trimmed regularly for cleanliness. Many pet owners have the dog groomed (including a haircut) to make daily care easier.

Although not a highly active breed, the Field Spaniel does need daily exercise. She enjoys a good walk but will also need a chance to run and play. Field Spaniels can train on the agility course, run alongside a bicycle, or go jogging with you. This breed has excelled in many performance sports and has become a favorite of many serious competitors.

Early training and socialization are very important. The training should begin early, both to instill a joy of working within the dog and to establish household rules, as this breed can have a stubborn streak. The breed can be wary of strangers; early socialization can help develop a trust of people and prevent shyness.

The Field Spaniel can be a good family dog and pet when she has a job to do. If someone in the family enjoys training and likes to hunt or participates in canine performance sports, this breed will suit wonderfully. Without a job or sense of purpose, the dog might amuse herself by getting into trouble.

This breed likes to spend time outside and will enjoy a large yard to run around in and investigate. She also likes to be with the people in her family and, when inside, will keep herself close. Owners often call their dogs Field Shadows. She is patient with children. When well socialized, she is good with other dogs. Health concerns include eye and eyelid problems, hip dysplasia, and hypothyroidism.

Canine Eye Problems

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Gun dog Size: 17 to 18 in tall; 35 to 50 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Moderate ila Brasileiro t his breed originated in Brazil and counts among her ancestors English Mastiffs, Bloodhounds, Bulldogs, and even some herding dogs. Throughout the breed's history, it has been used as a guard for homes and businesses, a police dog, a hunting dog, and even a guide dog for the blind.

The Fila Brasileiro is a large, heavy, sturdy dog, standing 23.5 to 29.5 inches tall. Most weigh between 125 and 175 pounds. The Fila has a big, broad head and a deep muzzle with heavy lips and flews. The ears are dropped. The skin is thick and loose, creating folds and heavy dewlaps on the neck. The coat is short and smooth, with all solid colors accepted except white and gray.

The coat is easy to care for with twice weekly brushing with a soft bristle brush or curry comb.

This breed does not require a great deal of exercise. Breed expert Clelia Kruel says, "A half-hour of exercise per day is sufficient for adult dogs." Although the Fila is a dignified breed, Kruel says that these dogs are also playful and enjoy their owners' company.

Protective and watchful dogs, Filas need early and continued socialization. Without it, they can become overly protective and aggressive or fearful. A well-socialized dog is much more able to make good decisions as to how to protect her home and family. Early training is needed, too, to channel the breed's desire to work. Kruel says, "The Fila is very willing to please her owner and is a smart, trainable dog." Training should be firm and structured, yet fun and without too much repetition.

The Fila needs a dog-wise, experienced owner who understands the breed. Kruel says, "Before buying a Fila, you need to know if you are ready to take on the responsibility for her training. You must have a 6-foot, secure fence. You must also understand her temperament and be prepared to avoid accidents with strangers." Health concerns include bloat, torsion, and hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: CKC Occupation: Versatile working dog, guardian Size: 23.5 to 29.5 in tall; 125

to 175 lbs Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Low to moderate activity Training: Moderate Grooming: Easy

innish Spitz

National Bird Finland

he national dog of Finland, the Finnish Spitz is a barking bird dog. She follows the birds until they are treed, and then she barks (with a ringing, yodel-like bark) to direct the hunter to her location. She is so valuable in her native land that a Finnish Spitz cannot finish her championship until she has proven her worth in the field. Competitions are also held to find the dog with the best bark.

The Finnish Spitz stands between 15.5 and 20 inches tall and weighs between 25 and 40 pounds. She is foxlike, with a pointed muzzle, upright ears, and almond-shaped, dark eyes. Her tail is plumed and carried over her back. She has a dense, soft undercoat and a long, straight outer coat. Colors range from deep auburn to pale honey, but all are shades of golden-red.

The coat will need brushing two or three times a week. The undercoat sheds heavily in the spring and fall and will need more brushing then.

This is a moderately active breed that needs daily exercise. She will be satisfied with a couple of walks and a good run. All runs off leash should be in a fenced yard, however, as this hunting dog will take off if she flushes a bird or rabbit.

Early socialization is very important to Finnish Spitz kept as pets, as these dogs can be wary of strangers. The barking can easily turn into problem behavior in an area where neighbors live close together. Early training can help control the barking, but these dogs will always bark. The Finnish Spitz is receptive to training but can be independent and just a little bit stubborn.

She has a tendency to bond more closely with one person than with the entire family. She is usually quite tolerant of children and will simply walk away if the kids get too rough. She is good with other pets in the family when raised with them but can be aggressive toward strange dogs. There are no major health concerns.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Barking bird dog Size: 15.5 to 20 in tall; 25 to 40 lbs

Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Moderately active Training: Easy; breed does bark

Grooming: Double coat sheds!

Finnish Spitz 239

Pit Bulls as Pets

Pit Bulls as Pets

Are You Under The Negative Influence Of Hyped Media Stereotypes When It Comes To Your Knowledge Of Pit Bulls? What is the image that immediately comes into your mind when you think of the words Pit Bull? I can almost guarantee that they would be somewhere close to fierce, ferouscious, vicious, killer, unstoppable, uncontrollable, or locking jawed man-eaters.

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