Shepherd Dog

Dog Varieties Breeds

he American Kennel Club does not allow white German Shepherd Dogs ("GSDs") to compete in conformation competition even though the color white was one of the original allowed colors. In fact, Max Von Stephanitz, the founder of the breed, was known to have had several white GSDs. Several organizations have been founded to promote the breed as a separate and equal breed (White German Shepherds or White Shepherds), while other groups would prefer that these dogs remain German Shepherds. They would rather see the existing breed standards changed to again allow white dogs to compete.

The various organizations promoting white GSDs do have individual breed standards, and while they have many similarities, there are also some differences. Most GSDs stand between 22 and 26 inches tall and weigh between 65 and 120 pounds, although some may be heavier. The head is wedge-shaped, the eyes are almond-shaped and dark, the nose is black, and the ears are large and erect. The body is longer than the dog is tall, and the tail is long. The undercoat is soft and thick, while the outer coat is coarse and dense.

The coat needs brushing twice a week, although when the dog is shedding, daily brushing may be needed.

This breed is very active and should run and play hard every day. Without adequate exercise, they can be destructive chew-ers and diggers.

GSDs were bred to work and need a job to do. Training should begin early and continue on into adulthood. Once past puppy and basic obedience training, these dogs can learn trick training, advanced obedience, hand signals, agility, tracking, and more. White GSDs serve capably on police and security forces, on search and rescue teams, and as therapy dogs.

These dogs need owners who are smarter than they are and who will train, socialize, and keep the dog's mind busy. Although puppies are rough and rowdy, the breed is good with children. The primary health concerns include hip dysplasia, bloat, and epilepsy.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC (with restrictions), UKC, CKC Occupation: Herder Size: 22 to 26 in tall; 65 to

120 lbs Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Hard to keep challenged Grooming: Sheds irehaired

Pointing Griffon

1873, a young Dutch man, Eduard Korthals, wanted a gun dog suited for hunters on foot (rather than on horseback). He wanted a dog who worked close to the hunter and in all types of terrain, especially the marshy lands of the Netherlands. The ancestors of today's Wirehaired Pointing Griffon include several wire coated dogs known to be good hunting dogs, the Otterhound, a French Barbet, and several other unknown dogs and breeds.

These dogs stand 20 to 24 inches tall and weigh 50 to 65 pounds. The head is of medium width, the nose is always brown, and the eyes are large and may be from yellow to brown. The ears are medium-sized and dropped. The body is slightly longer than the dog is tall, and the tail is docked. The undercoat is thick, and the outer coat is harsh, straight, and wiry. Coat colors include steel gray with brown markings, chestnut brown, white and brown, and orange and white.

The coat needs twice weekly brushing to keep it neat and clean. Show dogs need some hand-stripping.

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is a very active breed that needs a chance to run every day. He can run alongside a bicycle or go jogging with his owner. These dogs also like to retrieve, so fetch games are great fun.

Eager to please, these dogs are usually quite easy to train. Their good noses, however, can also make them easily distracted, especially while young. If the training is too repetitive, these dogs may get bored, so the training should be firm and structured, yet challenging enough to keep their interest.

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon is a young breed, and the individual dogs have strong hunting instincts. As such, they do best in homes where they are used for hunting, competitive field trials, or hunt tests. The Griffon is a good family dog and very patient with children. He is good with other dogs but, as a hunting dog, should be supervised with smaller pets. The primary health concern is hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter Size: 23 to 27 in tall; 60 to 90 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Challenge Grooming: Easy

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon 387

irehaired Vizsla

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.y. ff r y ■ 1 f. -fc he Wirehaired Vizsla was developed in the early 1900s by Vizsla breeders and fanciers who wanted a breed with all the attributes of the Hungarian Vizsla but with a coat that would help the dogs withstand rough field conditions and cold weather. Initially, the red, shorthaired Vizsla was crossed with a brown Wirehaired Pointer, but it is believed that throughout the years, as the breed developed, Wirehaired Pointing Griffons, Pudelpointers, and Irish Setters may have been added to the mix.

These dogs are medium-sized, more heavily boned than a Vizsla, and stand from 21 to 25 inches tall with weight in proportion to height. The head is moderately wide, eyes are oval, and eye color matches the coat. The ears are dropped. The body is slightly longer than the dog is tall and is well-muscled. The tail may be docked by one-quarter its length. The coat is wiry, dense, and can be any shade of russet red.

This coarse coat needs weekly brushing to keep it clean. Hand-stripping is needed occasionally to pull out dead coat.

The Wirehaired Vizsla is an active dog bred to hunt in tough terrain and in all weather conditions. He needs vigorous daily exercise to keep him happy and to prevent potential problem behaviors that can arise out of boredom. He can run, swim, hunt, play ball, or train on the agility course.

As a hunting dog, this breed is persistent and stubborn; he simply does not give up. Although these traits are wonderful in hunters, they can make life tough for pet owners. Because of this, training these dogs is not always easy, even though they are affectionate and intelligent.

This breed does best in a home where he can hunt regularly or, if that isn't possible, where the owner wishes to train the dog in a canine sport. The Wirehaired Vizsla is too driven to be a good backyard pet. These dogs are good with children, although puppies may be rowdy. The primary health concern is hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: CKC, North American Versatile Hunting Dog Association Occupation: Hunter Size: 21 to 25 in tall; weight proportionate to height Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Moderate Grooming: Easy to moderate


(Miniature, Intermediate, and Standard; Hairless and Coated)

South American Dog Breeds

his Latin American breed is very old, with a documented existence going back 3,000 years. Xoloitzcuintli dogs ("Xolo") were treasured by the Toltec and Mayan people, while the Aztecs used them for medicinal purposes as well as companionship. The Aztec people believed that holding the dog could cure certain ills and eating the meat of the dog could cure others. The dogs were said to be the representatives of the god Xoloti.

The Xolo is found in three sizes: miniature (10 to 15 inches), intermediate (15 to 20 inches), and standard (20 to 25 inches). The skull is broad and strong, and the muzzle is wedge-shaped. The eyes are medium-sized and almond-shaped. The ears are uncropped and large. The body is slightly longer than the dog is tall. The tail is long. The hairless variety should have no hair, although a little fuzz on the top of the head, feet, and tail is common. The coated variety has short, smooth hair. Any color is acceptable.

Hairless Xolo need protection from the sun and are sensitive to cold weather. Some hairless dogs also get acne and may need specific care. The coated dogs need only weekly brushing.

Adult Xolos are calm and even tranquil. They have great bearing and look regal, but don't let that fool you; this breed loves a good run and a chance to play. Although not high-energy dogs, they should have exercise every day.

Xolos are wary of strangers. Socialization should begin early, and the puppies should meet a variety of people. Undersocialized dogs may be timid. The breed is bright and intelligent and enjoys training that is structured yet upbeat and fun.

The owner of a Xolo must be comfortable with being the center of attention. Every walk with the dog will bring the question, "What is that?" You cannot blend into a crowd with a Xolo! When raised with children, this breed is very good with them. The primary health concerns include skin problems and allergies. As with most hairless breeds, some teeth may not be present.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC, CKC

Occupation: Companion Size: Mini:10 to 15 in tall Intermediate:15 to 20 in tall Standard: 20 to 25 in tall Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Easy

orkshire Terrier

/he Yorkshire Terrier (or

__/ Yorkie) originated in the late

1800s and is descended from several old English terrier breeds, including the Black and Tan English Terrier, Paisley Terrier, Clydesdale Terrier, and, most recently, Waterside Terrier. The breed originally was owned by working-class people and was used for vermin control as well as companionship, but it wasn't long before this tiny terrier was appreciated by the upper classes and royalty.

The Yorkie is very much a terrier even though he is small. He carries his head high and projects an aura of self-importance. Standing 8 to 9 inches tall and weighing less than 7 pounds, he is well-balanced and square. The eyes are dark and full of personality; the ears are small, V-shaped, and carried erect. The coat is silky and long and, in adults, falls to the floor. The hair is parted along the backbone from head to tail. The coat color is blue with tan on the head, under the tail, and on the legs. The tail is docked.

Grooming is a big part of a Yorkie's life, especially if you keep the coat long. The coat will tangle if not combed and brushed every day and again after outdoor play sessions. Many pet owners keep the coat trimmed to a shorter length simply for ease of care.

Yorkies are active little dogs. They enjoy walks, play sessions, and hunting for critters in the backyard. Bonnie Gray, the owner of Tootsie, a certified therapy dog, says, "Tootsie and I walk

Puppies Named Maddie

twice a day and play fetch games in between. She will also tease my other dog, a Papillon named Maddie, until Maddie finally plays with her."

Yorkies can have difficulty with housetraining, but with supervision, persistence, and patience, it can be accomplished. Early obedience training can help channel this breed's quick mind, giving the dog something constructive to do. Gray offers a caution, though: "Yorkies are bright and intelligent but can be a little stubborn. They do have a mind of their own." Many Yorkie owners teach their little dogs tricks, as the breed is a natural showoff and loves to be the center of attention. These dogs can also participate in canine sports. Many flyball teams want to include a small dog to keep the jump heights low, and ball-crazy Yorkies make great competitors.

This breed is very attached to the family but can also become more strongly bonded to one particular family member, especially if more time is spent with that one person. They can be reserved toward strangers, but friends are greeted with enthusiasm. They can be good with children who are gentle and treat them with respect. Gray says, "My grandchildren, who range from age 7 to 12, all help me with Tootsie's obedience training, and as a result, they are good with her and she loves them." Yorkies tend to bark at strange dogs and can put on an aggressive act, although they are too small to back up any threats. This behavior should be discouraged, as larger dogs could easily harm them. Health concerns include dental problems, hypoglycemia, and knee problems.

Treating Aggressive Dogs

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 8 to 9 in tall; under 7 lbs Longevity: 14 to 16 years Exercise: Daily walks and games Training: Challenge to housetrain Grooming: Long coat requires daily upkeep; trimmed coat easier

activity levels, 2, 15-17 acupuncture, 44 adenovirus, 45 adoptions, 19 adult dogs bonding, 32 breed selection, 18 exercise, 49 locating, 18-21 new home, 28-32 other dog/pet, 31, 34, 40-41

playtime activities, 41-42 shot records, 46 socialization, 32-34 versus puppy, 18 Affenpinscher, 114 Afghan Hound, 15, 61, 115 agility trials, 88 Airedale Terrier, 13, 116-117 Akbash Dog, 118 AKC (American Kennel Club), 2, 12, 85-88 AKC FSS (AKC's Foundation

Stock Service), 2 AKC registration statistics, 12 Akita, 17, 110-111, 119 Alapaha Blue Blood

Bulldog, 120 Alaskan Klee Kai, 121 Alaskan Malamute, 17, 61, 122

all-purpose combs, use, 62 alternative veterinary medicines, 44 American Bulldog, 123 American Eskimo Dog, 28, 124-125

American Foxhound, 126 American Hairless Terrier, 61, 127

American Kennel Club (AKC), 2, 12, 85-88 American Pit Bull Terrier, 28, 110-111, 128-129 American Rare Breed Association

(ARBA), 2 American Staffordshire Terrier, 110-111, 130 American Water Spaniel, 131 Anatolian Shepherd Dog, 132 antifreeze, emergency care, 56 Appenzeller Sennenhunde, 133 ARBA (American Rare Breed

Association), 2 ASCA (Australian Shepherd

Club of America), 88 Australian Cattle Dog, 134 Australian Kelpie, 135 Australian Shepherd, 15, 16, 17,

61, 63, 136-137 Australian Shepherd,

Miniature, 295 Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA), 88

Australian Terrier, 138 Azawakh, 139

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

Homemade Pet Food Secrets

It is a well known fact that homemade food is always a healthier option for pets when compared to the market packed food. The increasing hazards to the health of the pets have made pet owners stick to containment of commercial pet food. The basic fundamentals of health for human beings are applicable for pets also.

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