Smooth Coat and Plush Coat

Shiloh Shepherd

he Shiloh Shepherd breed was founded by Tina Barber as a means of preserving the old type German Shepherd Dog. Barber is the President of the Shiloh Shepherd Dog Club of America and, through this group, attempts to guide the breed's continuing development. However, there has been considerable controversy within the breed, and other organizations were founded in competition with hers.

With multiple organizations representing the breed, the standards vary. Under the American Rare Breed Association, the breed is a large, powerful dog, with adult males standing no less than 28 inches tall (with 30 inches preferred) and females no less than 26 inches (28 inches preferred). Weight is proportionate to height and is generally 100 to 160 pounds. The breed has a German Shepherd Dog appearance, with erect ears, brown eyes, a body that is longer than tall at the shoulder, and a long, full tail. Two coat types are acceptable, both with a double coat. The smooth coat is of medium length, and the plush coat is longer, with more profuse feathering. Both coats shed and should be brushed at least twice weekly, especially during spring and fall, when shedding is heaviest.

Shiloh Shepherds need vigorous daily exercise. Although walks are great for socialization and training, they are not enough. This breed needs a chance to run, as well as daily playtimes.

These dogs need early socialization, as they are watchful and reserved with strangers. Training should also begin early to teach household and social manners and should continue into adulthood; these dogs need a mental challenge and training can help with that.

A well-trained Shiloh Shepherd can be a wonderful family dog. She can be great with children, although puppies can be rambunctious. She can also be good with other family pets when raised with them. Health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, bloat, torsion, and allergies.

Breed in Brief

Registries: ARBA Occupation: Herder, guardian Size: Males: 28+ in tall, females 26+ in tall; 100 to 160 lbs Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Easy; hard to keep challenged Grooming: Easy to moderate iberian Husky

Dog Sled Coat

he Siberian Husky is first and foremost a sled dog. Bred originally by the Chukchi people of Siberia, the breed became well-known after its introduction to Alaska and participation in the lifesaving run to Nome with diphtheria serum.

This athletic breed stands between 20 and 23.5 inches tall and weighs 35 to 60 pounds. Bred to run long distances very quickly while pulling light loads, the breed is never to be heavy or cumbersome. The eyes are almond' shaped and either brown, blue, or parti-colored. The ears are erect and well-furred. The body is slightly longer than the dog is tall, and the tail is well-furred. The undercoat is soft and dense, while the outer coat is straight and of medium length. The coat may be all colors, from white to black.

This coat needs weekly brushing for most of the year, but during shedding seasons, usually spring and fall, daily brushing is typically needed.

Siberian Huskies were bred to run and still have that need. These dogs can go jogging with their owners, run alongside a bicycle, or run in the yard. All exercise should be either on leash or within a securely fenced area, as they have a tendency to be escape artists and to wander.

Training is also important to help keep these dogs safe and should begin in early puppyhood. However, even a well-trained Siberian may not be trustworthy off leash outside of a fenced yard. Siberians have a funny sense of humor, and this can interfere with training sessions. Siberians are extroverts, friendly with just about everyone; they are not watchdogs.

This breed needs an owner who doesn't mind dog hair in the house, who is active, and who understands the breed's need to run. Siberians also do better with company, either with someone home all day or the company of another dog. The breed is usually great with kids. These dogs should not be trusted with smaller pets; they have a strong prey drive. Health concerns include eye problems and hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Sled dog Size: 20 to 23.5 in tall; 35 to 60 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Daily run Training: Moderate to difficult Grooming: Sheds

Siberian Husky 357

ilken Windhound

Small Munsterlander Year Old

'rancie Stull and her husband, Chuck, had bred champion Borzoi under the kennel name Kristull for many years when they decided they wanted a second breed. After thinking about many existing breeds, they realized what they actually wanted didn't exist. In 1984, Francie began the development of what would eventually become the Silken Windhound, a small, elegant sighthound with a silky coat.

This breed stands 18 to 23.5 inches tall and weighs between 22 and 55 pounds, with females smaller than males. The Silken Windhound is very much a sighthound, with a long narrow head, long neck, deep chest, and high tuck up. The tail is long and low. The coat varies from moderately long to long and can be straight or wavy.

Most dogs need twice weekly brushing and combing to keep the coat clean and free of tangles. Grooming this breed can be very easy to moderately difficult, depending upon the length of the coat and how much the coat sheds. There is still quite a bit of variety in the breed.

Silken Windhounds love to run, and although they can do fine in an apartment or small house, they need a chance to run several times a week. A daily run is even better. They should never be allowed to run free outside of a fenced-in yard, however, as they will chase a rabbit or squirrel if they get the chance. No amount of calling will bring the dog back in mid-chase. Once they have had a chance to run, these dogs are happiest curled up on the sofa.

Joyce Chin, chairperson of the national rescue group for the breed, says, "The Silken Windhound trains easily and most effectively using reward- and affection-based training. With these methods, Silkens will work eagerly and form strong relationships with their owners." She adds, "This is not a breed that will work all day, and they will not tolerate endless repetition." However, with the correct training approach, many have enjoyed agility and therapy dog work, and a few are even serving as assistance dogs. Chin also says that the collar most often used is a martingale collar (the breed can slip out of most other types of collars). Anyone who has researched and understands sighthounds will enjoy this breed; however, people who have previously had herding or working dog breeds might be a little frustrated, as sighthounds are different.

Silkens are quite social and affectionate with their families, although some do appear to love all mankind. The breed is not protective, and many will not even bark when someone approaches the house. Chin says, "This is a wonderful family-friendly breed for gentle, considerate children. They do not have the pain tolerance of some other breeds and will not be able to cope with rough and rowdy children." As with many sighthound breeds, the Silken prefers to play with other sighthounds who like to chase rather than playing wrestling games with dogs of other breeds. Some Silkens can be trusted with smaller pets, especially when raised with them, but many will chase cats who run. The breed is, for the most part, quite healthy, with many dogs living to their upper teens, but the breed does have some sensitivities to ivermectin (a heartworm preventative), so that drug should be avoided.

Breed in Brief

Registries: International

Silken Windhound Society Occupation: Sighthound, companion Size: 18 to 23.5 in tall; 22 to 55 lbs

Longevity: 16 to 18 years Exercise: Needs to run! Training: Moderate Grooming: Easy to moderate

ilky Terrier w he Silky Terrier (or Silky) is a true Australian; she was derived from the crossing of imported Yorkshire Terriers with native Australian Terriers. Although the first breedings were done to improve the coat and color of the Australian Terriers, the offspring of these mixes soon became popular and known as Sydney Silky Terriers. The Silky Terriers were bred together until they bred true to type and the breed was established. The first regional breed standards were created in the early 1900s, with a national breed standard adopted in 1926.

The Silky is a toy terrier, standing only 9 to 10 inches tall and weighing 8 to 12 pounds. The body is longer than it is tall at the shoulder and is refined as benefits a toy breed, yet sturdy enough to hunt rodents. The head is wedge-shaped, with dark almond-shaped eyes and upright, V-shaped ears. The tail is docked. The coat is silky, straight, shiny, and long, yet does not fall to floor length as the Yorkshire Terrier's coat does. The coat is parted down the backbone from head to tail and is blue and tan. Grooming the Silky takes a little effort, as the coat can tangle, especially if the dog is active. Brushing and combing the coat once a day will keep it looking wonderful. Many pet owners trim the dog's feet and the area under the tail to help keep the dog clean.

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Although the Silky is an alert, active little dog—very much a terrier—she is not as busy as many of the other terrier breeds. Daily aerobic exercise is still important, though. The Silky Terrier Club of America says, "A Silky isn't hyper, but they do have tons of energy and love to play fetch, go for long walks, and in general, be involved in whatever the family is doing!" Silkys should be exercised on leash or in a fenced-in area. If a squirrel or rabbit is spotted and the dog is off leash, she will be after it in a flash, and no amount of calling will bring her back.

Training should begin early. Silkys are intelligent dogs (with just a touch of a stubborn streak) and need guidance. Teach basic obedience as well as household rules, and then continue training. Silkys thrive in many dogs sports, including agility, flyball, go-to-ground competitions, and obedience competition. The breed is a favorite for many serious canine sports competitors because of its intelligence, terrier tenacity, and natural athleticism. At home, without regular training and an activity to keep her busy, a Silky will find something else to do and her owner may not appreciate it!

Silkys are great companions for active people who understand the breed's nature and who want a dog to do things with. The breed does not do well when isolated for long hours. These dogs can be barkers and when left alone can be problem barkers. They can also be mischievous. They are good with children who treat them with respect but are not always good with other dogs. Silkys should not be trusted with small pets; remember, these dogs are vermin hunters. The breed does have some health concerns, including knee problems, Cushing's disease, hypothyroidism, Legg-Perthe's disease, and epilepsy.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Vermin hunter, companion, performance sports

Size: 9 to 10 in tall; 8 to 12 lbs Longevity: 14 to 16 years Exercise: Active; long walks, lots of games Training: Easy to moderate;

hard to keep focused Grooming: Moderate

Pit Bulls as Pets

Pit Bulls as Pets

Are You Under The Negative Influence Of Hyped Media Stereotypes When It Comes To Your Knowledge Of Pit Bulls? What is the image that immediately comes into your mind when you think of the words Pit Bull? I can almost guarantee that they would be somewhere close to fierce, ferouscious, vicious, killer, unstoppable, uncontrollable, or locking jawed man-eaters.

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