Smooth Coat and Rough Coat

Black Terrier Breeds Europe

he Jagd Terrier, also known as the German Hunt Terrier, was created in Germany in the early 1900s. At the time, terriers were very popular in Great Britain and Europe, but Germany did not have an effective native hunting terrier. So the black and tan fell terriers (who were not good hunters) were crossed with Fox Terriers (excellent hunters), and the offspring were selectively bred to create a black and tan, versatile hunting terrier. In Germany, the breed hunts fox and boar; in the U.S., it hunts raccoons.

The American Jagd Terrier Registry says the breed should stand between 11 and 19 inches tall and weigh between 10 and 39 pounds. Her eyes are dark, the ears V-shaped, and the tail docked or natural. The body should be slightly longer than the dog is tall at the shoulder. The coat may be smooth and short, broken or rough. The most popular color is black and tan, but the dogs may also be chocolate or salt and pepper.

Twice weekly brushing is sufficient for these dogs, although many owners will trim Jagd Terriers with broken or rough coats just to keep them neat.

This is an active, athletic, bright breed with a strong hunting drive. If not allowed to hunt regularly, she needs another outlet for her energy and desire to work. Agility training, flying disc competitions, lure coursing, or other sports are a great idea for this breed. Training should begin early and continue into adulthood to keep the dog in control and focused. Positive training techniques are often not enough; this breed needs firm, structured training.

The Jagd Terrier needs an experienced dog owner who understands terriers and hunting dogs. She is affectionate and protective of her family and wary of strangers. She is good with children and can take rough kids' play. She gets along with other dogs but will never back down from a challenge; like many small terriers, she has no idea how small she is. She is a hunter and should not be trusted with other small pets. This is a healthy breed.

Breed in Brief

Registries: American Jagd

Terrier Registry Occupation: Hunter Size: 11 to 19 in tall; 10 to 39 lbs

Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Very active; needs lots of exercise Training: Challenge Grooming: Easy

apanese Chin he Japanese Chin, also known as the Japanese Spaniel, is an ancient toy breed with a much debated history. Some experts feel the breed originated in China, while others say Korea was the birthplace. In any event, at some point the breed was introduced to Japan, where it became a favorite of the nobility.

This is a small dog, standing 8 to 11 inches tall and weighing only 4 to 11 pounds. The head is large and rounded; the eyes are large, round, and dark; and the ears are hanging. The muzzle is short. The tail is set high and is carried up over the back. The coat is single (with no undercoat) and is straight and silky. She has feathering on her tail, the back of the legs, the ears, and around the neck down onto the front of the chest. The acceptable colors include black and white, red and white, and tricolored (black and white with rust markings).

This lovely silky coat needs brushing and combing at least every other day to prevent tangles and mats from forming.

The Japanese Chin loves to play and will demand a couple of play sessions every day. Those, along with a nice walk, will satisfy this breed's exercise needs.

This dog should attend a puppy socialization class where she can meet a variety of people, as the breed is a bit wary of strangers. She is not aggressive or protective, just aloof with people she doesn't know. Some owners say she's even catlike. The Japanese Chin is also very bright and enjoys learning new things. She will thrive in gentle, fun, yet structured training and will do well with trick training. Many Japanese Chins serve as wonderful therapy dogs.

The Chin is great for someone who wants a small, relatively calm companion. She is good with children who are gentle and treat her with respect, but is too small for rough play. She is usually very good with other small pets. The breed does have some health concerns, including cataracts, knee and back problems, and heart disorders.

Russian Toy Terrier Broken Coat

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 8 to 11 in tall; 4 to 11 lbs Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Low activity level Training: Easy Grooming: Moderate

Japanese Chin 275

ai Ken

Dog Breeds With Ears Right

his is a very old hunting breed from the Japanese island of Honshu. Although not very large, these dogs hunted a variety of game, even wild boar. The Japanese people designated the Kai Ken as a national treasure in 1934 and, as such, all dogs are protected by law.

This breed stands from 17 to 22 inches tall and weighs 30 to 40 pounds. The head is wedge-shaped, with small, dark eyes and upright ears. The body is sturdy, and the tail curls up over the hips. The coat is double and does shed. All Kai Ken are brindle, although the colors can vary from red brindle to brown and even black brindle.

The coat needs brushing twice a week; make sure to get through the thick coat to the skin. During the worst shedding, usually in spring and fall, the coat may need to be brushed daily.

The Kai Ken needs daily exercise; however, since the breed retains its hunting instincts, all exercise should be within a fenced-in yard or on leash. The fence should be away from any overhanging trees, as this breed is known to climb trees capably.

Socialization should begin early in puppyhood and continue on into adulthood. Training, preferably in a group class, is helpful for socialization as well as behavior. Training should be structured yet fun. Breed expert Pam Peterson says, "The Kai Ken is intelligent, loyal to owners yet aloof with strangers, and very easy to housetrain."

This is not a city dog; he rarely does well in the hustle and bustle of an urban environment. The Kai Ken needs an owner who understands northern and spitz-type breeds. A Kai Ken is devoted and loyal to his family and watchful of strangers. He will thrive with attention and will do best when he can spend time with his owner. The breed is good with children who treat the dog with respect. Although Kai Ken may be good with smaller pets, owners should keep in mind that this breed was bred to hunt and retains those hunting instincts. This is a healthy breed.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC Occupation: Hunter Size: 17 to 22 in tall; 30 to 40 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Active Training: Moderate; socialization is crucial Grooming: Moderate; sheds

angal Dog he Kangal Dog is a native of Turkey, where it has been used to protect livestock for centuries. Of mastiff descent, the breed's isolation in the harsh Kangal District kept the Kangal Dog's development pure and free of cross-breeding. The native people of this region boast of the breed's ability to keep livestock safe from wolves, jackals, and other predators.

This is a large breed, standing 28 to 34 inches tall and weighing 90 to 140 pounds. The head is large and broad with dropped ears. The body is slightly longer than the dog is tall at the shoulders. The tail is curled and often carried high. The double coat is short and thick. Coat color can be fawn to gray with a black facial mask and ears.

The thick coat should be brushed twice a week, although when the undercoat is being shed, usually twice a year, daily brushing may be needed.

Kangal Dogs need daily exercise. When protecting livestock, they alternate between calm watchfulness and bursts of energy, and this can be reflected in their activity levels as pets. All exercise should be within a fenced-in yard or on leash, as this breed does enjoy running. As with many livestock protection dogs, this breed tends to be nocturnal.

Training is necessary and needs to be structured and firm, yet also fun, as Kangal Dogs who feel pushed will shut down and refuse to react. Breed expert Kathy Lambert says, "They need the boundaries for behavior that training can provide; a spoiled Kangal is a recipe for disaster." Socialization is also important, as these are, by nature, very watchful animals.

The Kangal Dog has been a livestock protection dog for centuries and needs a home where he can work. The owner must be willing to train him and be the dog's leader. Kangal Dogs are usually good with children who treat them with respect, although they will not tolerate rough handling. The primary health concern is hip dysplasia.

Hip Dysplasia Cattle Dogs

Breed in Brief

Registries: UKC Occupation: Livestock guardian Size: 28 to 34 in tall; 90 to

140 lbs Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Hard to keep challenged Grooming: Easy; sheds

Kangal Dog 277

arelian Bear Dog

Karelian Bear Dog

he Karelian Bear Dog (KBD) is an old breed that originated in the region of Karelia in northern Europe. These fearless dogs were used to hunt big game, including elk, bears, and wolves. Thousands of years ago, people and their dogs migrated from Karelia into what is now known as Finland, where the dog is still popular. Although this breed resembles the Russo-European Laika and shares a history, breed expert Gail Rasanen says that modern KBDs crossed with Laikas are considered mixed breeds.

These handsome dogs stand 19 to 23 inches tall and weigh between 44 and 50 pounds. The head is wedge-shaped, with small eyes and upright ears. The body is medium-sized and sturdy. The tail curls over the back. The coat is double with a thick, soft undercoat and a stiff, short to medium-length outer coat. The dogs are black with white markings.

The coat should be brushed thoroughly once a week, with the brush and comb going all the way through the undercoat. The undercoat does shed twice a year, and daily brushing is needed during the shedding seasons.

This active breed needs vigorous daily exercise. He can run alongside a bicycle, go jogging, or chase a tennis ball. Without enough exercise, he can be destructive. All exercise should be on leash or within a fenced-in yard, as this is a motivated hunting dog, and if an animal is scented, he will go after it.

Training the KBD can be a challenge. Rasanen says, "Training should be consistent and firm, but with love and consequence. It should be clear who the leader is." Training should begin early so that the puppy grows up understanding the household rules. Socialization should also begin early, as these dogs are wary of strangers.

This breed needs an experienced dog owner; it is too much for a first-time dog owner. This breed can also be dog-aggressive. When raised with children, KBDs can be very devoted. They should not be trusted with smaller pets. Some eye disorders have been noted recently.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC, CKC

Occupation: Hunter Size: 19 to 23 in tall; 44 to 50 lbs

Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Moderate to challenging Grooming: Easy; sheds


Keeshond Chocolate Korean

eeshonden (the plural of Keeshond) became popular in Europe in the 17th century as watchdogs on barges and riverboats. Most likely descendants of spitz-type dogs in Germany or Russia, they became associated with a political party in Holland in the late 1700s. The breed was popular while that party was in power but lost that popularity when the political winds changed. Luckily, the breed retained many fans and quickly regained favor elsewhere in Europe.

The Keeshond stands 17 to 18 inches tall and weighs between 30 and 45 pounds. He has a foxlike face with upright ears and black markings around the eyes. The tail is plumed and curves over the back. The coat, one of the breed's distinctive features, is double, with a thick undercoat and a profuse outer coat that stands out from the body. The coat is gray and black with silver and cream touches.

The Keeshond's coat is not prone to matting unless the dog picks up burrs or foxtails, but it still requires twice weekly brushing with a pin brush. During shedding season, daily brushing may be needed.

This breed has moderate exercise needs and enjoys daily walks, brisk jogs, and training sessions on the agility course. Keeshonden have done well in agility competition.

The Keeshond Club of America recommends basic obedience training for all dogs. This breed is bright and easy to train and is not prone to trouble as long as training begins early and the lessons are structured but fun. Used as a watchdog in the past, the breed retains an alarm-dog quality, barking when trespassers approach. The breed is not aggressive and, when socialized as a puppy, is very friendly.

The Keeshond is a wonderful family dog, great with kids, other dogs, and small pets. Bred as companion dogs, they take this job seriously and are not happy when left alone for too long each day. The primary health concerns include hip dysplasia, heart disease, thyroid problems, and epilepsy.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Alarm dog, companion Size: 17 to 18 in tall; 30 to 45 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Easy Grooming: Moderate; sheds

Keeshond 279

erry Blue Terrier

Rough Coated Kangal

he Kerry Blue Terrier is an Irish breed that is supposed to have some Irish Wolfhound, some spaniel, perhaps some Poodle, and maybe even a little herding dog in its ancestry. This is all conjecture because the breed's actual ancestry is unknown. What is known, however, is the versatility of the breed. These dogs were (and still are) used as allpurpose dogs who hunt birds as well as vermin, herd livestock, and guard the farm and family.

The Kerry Blue Terrier is a long-legged terrier, standing 17 to 21 inches tall and weighing 30 to 45 pounds. He has a long head with a large nose, small dark eyes, and ears that are high on the head and fold forward. The body is sturdy, the chest is deep, and the tail is straight and erect. The coat is soft, dense, and wavy and varies from black on young puppies to blue-gray or even silver on adults. The coat requires specific care. It must be brushed and combed twice weekly and after every romp in tall grass, as the soft coat will pick up dirt, burrs, and grass seeds. A monthly trim or haircut is also recommended. Potential owners should discuss grooming needs with a breeder prior to buying a Kerry.

This breed is quite active and needs vigorous daily exercise. A daily run is great exercise, as are canine sports. Many Kerrys have been successful in agility, flyball, tracking, and herding.

Kerry Blue Terriers are bright and curious but can also be independent and stubborn. Early training can help teach them household rules, but do expect some challenges, especially during adolescence. Early socialization, especially to other dogs, is very important, as males can be dog-aggressive.

This breed needs an owner who is willing to be the dog's leader, as this breed is prone to take advantage of a soft owner. Kerrys are great family dogs and enjoy playing kids' games. The breed can be aggressive toward cats and other small pets. Health concerns include eye and ear problems, hip dysplasia, and immune system disorders.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Versatile farm dog Size: 17 to 21 in tall; 30 to 45 lbs

Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Active Training: Hard to keep challenged Grooming: Difficult


Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Livestock guardian Size: Females: 25.5+ in; 75 to 85 lbs

Males: 27.5+ in; 100 lbs Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Corded coat; difficult he Komondor is an old breed from Hungary. Although written records are nonexistent, legends detail the breed's long use as a livestock protection dog. Today, the Komondor still protects flocks of sheep in the hills of Hungary but has also found a home protecting sheep in the western U.S.

The Komondor is large, standing no less than 25.5 inches tall for females and no less than 27.5 inches for males. Females weigh 75 to 85 pounds, and males usually weigh about 100 pounds. The dog has substantial bone and is muscular. The coat is white and, in mature dogs, corded. (The cords are tangles of fur that form hanging mats.)

Anyone who is thinking of sharing a home with a Komondor should discuss the coat's unique grooming needs with a breeder, as the cords require very specific care. If the dog gets wet, it can take two days for him to dry! The cords can also trap dirt.

Komondor puppies can be active and playful, but adults are calmer. A couple of brisk walks and a play session each day will keep this dog happy.

As a livestock protection dog, the Komondor is used to thinking for himself. He can be independent. However, with upbeat, fun, and structured training techniques, he is trainable and can learn to enjoy training. Many compete successfully in dog sports, including agility. Early socialization is vital, as this breed is wary of strangers and can be very protective.

This breed may be too much for a first-time dog owner. He will do best in a home with a knowledgeable owner who is not too meek and who understands his coat care needs. The Komondor is gentle and watchful of his family's children but may mistake rough play for something more sinister. The breed is protective and will bark at perceived threats; this can cause problems with neighbors. He is good with other dogs in the family but may be aggressive toward strange dogs. Health concerns include bloat, torsion, and hip dysplasia.

Komondor 281


Aggress Dog Breeds Komondor

uvasz he history of this breed is shrouded in mystery. Some experts believe that the breed originated in Asia more than 5,000 years ago, while others think the breed is descended from Tibetan Mastiffs imported into Hungary. In any case, the Kuvasz has been treasured in Hungary as a livestock guardian and protective companion since the 1400s.

Kuvaszok (the plural of Kuvasz) stand 24 to 30 inches tall and weigh between 70 and 110 pounds. The head is long, the eyes are slanted, and the ears are small, triangular, and dropped. The tail is long. The white coat has a wooly undercoat and a long outer coat that is shorter on the face, lower legs, and feet.

The coat should be brushed or combed twice weekly. When the dog is shedding, the thick undercoat should be thoroughly brushed every other day. This breed is active, bright, and curious. Walks are great, as they provide opportunities for socialization. But these dogs also need more vigorous exercise in the form of a jog, game of catch, or training session on the agility course. A young Kuvasz who does not get enough exercise will get into trouble.

The Kuvasz Club of America recommends early training and socialization in a puppy kindergarten class. Training can be a challenge, as Kuvaszok are intelligent but can also be independent and stubborn. Training should be structured and firm to help establish the owner as a leader, yet also fun enough to keep the dog interested. Early socialization is needed to balance the breed's natural protective instincts. An undersocialized dog may be shy and fearful.

This breed needs an experienced dog owner—a person who can be a leader. He also needs someone who enjoys a canine shadow and who will spend time with him. Kuvaszok are not happy spending hours alone. A Kuvasz is great with the family's children but will not tolerate rough play from visitors. Health concerns include hip dysplasia, eye disorders, and thyroid disease.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Livestock guardian Size: 24 to 30 in tall; 70 to

110 lbs Longevity: 9 to 11 years Exercise: Moderate to active Training: Challenge Grooming: Moderate


Pit Bulls as Pets

Pit Bulls as Pets

Are You Under The Negative Influence Of Hyped Media Stereotypes When It Comes To Your Knowledge Of Pit Bulls? What is the image that immediately comes into your mind when you think of the words Pit Bull? I can almost guarantee that they would be somewhere close to fierce, ferouscious, vicious, killer, unstoppable, uncontrollable, or locking jawed man-eaters.

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