paniels originated in Spain but were prized in England (and other places) for their hunting abilities. Bred to hunt birds, the English Cocker Spaniel and English Springer Spaniel were the same breed, differentiated only by size, until the late 1800s. The American Cocker Spaniel became a separate breed in the early 1900s, although the English and American Cockers were interbred until the 1940s.

The English Cocker Spaniel stands between 15 and 17 inches tall and weighs between 26 and 34 pounds. He has a softly arched skull, long muzzle, large oval eyes, and hanging ears. The tail is docked, and the coat is medium length and silky. The coat on the head is short, but the ears, legs, and tail are feathered. The coat may be solid colored or parti-colored. Black, liver, and red are all acceptable colors. This coat needs regular grooming to prevent tangles and mats. The coat should be brushed and combed two to three times a week—more if the dog gets wet or dirty. The coat should be trimmed every six to eight weeks.

This is a moderately active breed. Adults can be calm in the house, although puppies are quite active. These dogs will enjoy a walk mornings and evenings, a good run, a training session on the agility course, or a vigorous game of flyball. The breed is still used for hunting.

Socialization and training are important to this breed, if for no other reason than they are friendly, social, intelligent dogs who thrive on social contact and activity. Training should continue into adulthood to keep their minds busy. English Cocker Spaniels also do well in obedience competition.

This breed needs an active owner who likes grooming. The English Cocker Spaniel is good with children who treat him with respect; he does not like to be handled roughly. He is good with other dogs and pets, although interactions with smaller pets should be supervised. Health concerns include deafness, hip and knee problems, allergies, and seizures.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Gun dog Size: 15 to 17 in tall; 26 to 34 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Difficult

nglish Foxhound

he English Foxhound was developed in England, as its name suggests, as a pack hound (dogs who live and work together in a pack) to trail foxes. The breed's history can be traced back to the 1700s. Many of today's English Foxhound pedigrees can be traced back to that era in an unbroken line, primarily because each pack has a Master of the Hounds who manages the pack, including keeping careful records of each dog.

English Foxhounds stand 23 to 27 inches tall and weigh between 50 and 80 pounds. Although it is a pure breed in England, in North America the dogs used for hunting are often crossbred. Claudia Bazinet of Foxhound Relocation and Retirement says, "Foxhounds tend to be bred to be able to hunt in the terrain of their region." She continues, "English Foxhounds are solidly built, with very straight front legs, a straight back, long neck, and round, tight feet." The coat is short, and the coat colors are considered not important, although the traditional hound colors (white, tan, and black) are preferred.

Grooming this dog consists of a twice weekly brushing with a soft bristle brush or curry comb. The breed needs daily aerobic exercise. Since catch-and-fetch games are usually not appealing to Foxhounds, exercise can be a long, vigorous walk or a jog alongside a bicycle. This breed should never be allowed to run free outside of a fenced yard; if a rabbit or squirrel is flushed, the dog will be gone, and no amount of calling will bring him back.

English Foxhounds can be pets, but they are first and foremost pack dogs; they do best with other dogs. Bazinet says, "English Foxhounds can be quite active in the house." They are not able to settle down and relax on the sofa. Obedience training can sometimes be a challenge; they see no need for these rules. They are good with children and enjoy the kids' antics. They do bay, which can cause problems with neighbors. The breed has few health concerns.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter Size: 23 to 27 in tall; 50 to 80 lbs

Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Daily aerobic exercise Training: Challenge Grooming: Easy

nglish Setter

he English Setter was bred in England more than 400 years ago. Spaniels, the Spanish Pointer, and other breeds were used in the creation of this breed. The name setter derives from the dogs' habit of crouching (or setting) after finding birds so that the nets used to capture the birds could be thrown without the dogs getting in the way. Once firearms were used for hunting, the dogs were bred to stand upright rather than crouch.

There are two types of English Setter— the show dog and the Llewellin (or field) type—although there is only one breed standard. (The show dogs tend to be larger.) The standard calls for a dog standing 24 to 25 inches tall. These dogs usually weigh between 50 and 70 pounds, have a long head with dropped ears, and a long tail. The coat is straight, and the ears, legs, belly, and tail are feathered. The coat is white with speckles of color, including orange, blue, lemon, and liver.

The English Setter's lovely coat needs brushing and combing at least twice a week to keep it looking nice and to prevent mats from forming.

The English Setter Association of America (ESAA) says, "They do need a considerable amount of exercise to keep both body and mind in shape. The natural exuberance of a young Setter can make him difficult to live with if he is confined without enough exercise." All exercise should be on leash or within a fenced-in area.

Training is also very important. The ESAA encourages all Setter owners to participate in basic obedience training, saying, "It establishes a bond between you and your English Setter and makes him a joy in your home and community."

This breed needs an active owner who enjoys hunting, jogging, agility training, or some other active canine sport. Although most puppies are pretty rowdy and need supervision around young children, the breed is good with kids. English Setters are usually good with other dogs. Health concerns include deafness, allergies, and hip and elbow dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Gun dog Size: 24 to 25 in tall; 50 to 70 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Daily exercise Training: Moderate Grooming: Moderate

nglish Shepherd r^A, English Shepherd, also known as the farm collie or old farm collie, is a descendant of the old shepherds' dogs of England and is probably related to both the Collie and the Border Collie. Some experts feel that there is a relationship between the Australian Shepherd in the U.S. and the English Shepherd. The breed has been used in the United States as a versatile farm dog, able to protect property, guard livestock, herd all manner of domestic animals, and even round up the family children.

Even today, the English Shepherd is bred for function over appearance. He is a confident worker, able to take direction yet also able to make his own decisions. He is agile, quick, and strong, with the stamina to work all day. His ideal height is between 19 and 22 inches tall, and he should be lean and fit, usually between 35 and 65 pounds. He has brown eyes, dropped ears, a level back, and strong legs. The tail is long. His coat is medium length with an undercoat. He can be black and tan, black and white, sable and white, or tricolored. Unlike the Border Collie, Collie, and Australian Shepherd, this breed does not have the merle coloring.

Twice weekly brushing will keep the English Shepherd clean and looking nice. The undercoat does shed, and during heavy shedding, daily brushing may be needed to keep the hair in the house

to a minimum.

Strongest Dog The World

This is a high-activity breed that needs vigorous daily exercise and a job to do. The English Shepherd will need sheep to herd or goats to look after, or, in the absence of livestock, he will need to go for a long jog or have a vigorous training session on the agility course every day. Without enough exercise, he will get into trouble. Many performance canine sport enthusiasts have found that this breed thrives in many different sports, including herding trials, agility, obedience competition, flyball, flying disc, and tracking. Many English Shepherds also serve as wonderful therapy dogs.

This breed needs early socialization and training. A watchful breed, he can be wary of strangers, and socialization will help him make better decisions. Training that begins in puppyhood will teach him household rules and social manners, but also help challenge his bright, intelligent mind and give him constructive things to think about. Breed expert Rebecca Wingler says, "The breed is extremely receptive to training, quick to learn new commands, tricks, or activities."

This breed needs an active, involved owner who enjoys training and doing things with the dog. This breed is not happy when isolated for many hours each day. Wingler continues, "The breed is warm and affectionate to the entire family, but each dog may have a favorite person." A wonderful working and herding dog, the English Shepherd can also be playful and silly. He can be great with children when raised with them and will be watchful and protective of the kids. He may not understand rough play with his kids' friends. He can be good with other pets, although he may try to herd the family cat. He will chase cats that venture into his yard. This is a healthy breed, although hip dysplasia has been found in some dogs.

Breed in Brief

Registries: UKC, English Shepherd Club

Occupation: Herder, farm dog

Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Easy; hard to keep challenged Grooming: Sheds

nglish Springer

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