Toy Miniature and Standard

Toy Chow Chows

he Chinese Foo Dog is an old spitz-type breed that is probably a descendant of Chow Chows crossed with Northern European hunting dogs. History shows that the Tong, a Chinese association or fraternity, believed the Chinese Foo Dog would bring them luck, and so they kept and bred the dogs. The breed evolved into a versatile utility dog that could hunt, herd, carry packs, pull, and guard.

The Chinese Foo Dog is found in three sizes: toy (10 inches or less), miniature (over 10 inches up to and including 15), and standard (over 15 inches). The breed can also be classified by weight, with small dogs weighing up to 20 pounds, medium dogs weighing 21 to 50 pounds, and large dogs weighing over 50 pounds. A typical Nordic-type dog, the head is broad, the ears are upright, and the eyes are dark. These dogs often have a dark blue tongue. The tail is set high and curled over the back. Some breeders dock the tail. The coat is double, with a thick, dense undercoat and an outer coat that is hard and stands away from the body.

With the heavy coat, grooming is very much a part of life with these dogs. This breed needs brushing at least twice a week, although when the heavy undercoat is shed, daily brushing will help keep the hair in the house somewhat under control.

Foo Dogs are moderately active. They enjoy a walk morning and evening and can be quite playful. Breed expert Brad Trom says, "Chinese Foo Dogs are appealing to the sense of humor and continue to be playful on into adulthood."

One of the original uses of Foo Dogs is as guard dogs, and the breed continues to be wary of strangers. However, unlike some other watchful breeds, this one does not bark unless there is a reason to do so. Early socialization and training is important, and teaching the dog to accept regular grooming should be a part of that.

The Chinese Foo Dog is an affectionate, intelligent, playful breed. They are good with well-behaved children but will not tolerate disrespectful behavior. The breed is good with other dogs, although interactions with other pets should be supervised. This is a healthy breed with few problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: Chinese Foo Dog

Club of America Occupation: Watchdog Size: Toy, mini, standard from under 10 in to 15+ in tall; from under 20 lbs to 50+ lbs Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Easy

Grooming: Regular brushing; sheds

hiñese Shar-Pei

he Chinese Shar-Pei originated in the southern provinces of China and has been known since 200 B.C. The communist government of the People's Republic of China has on more than one occasion tried to eradicate dogs, and although these efforts have, at times, driven the Shar-Pei close to extinction, breeders in Hong Kong and Taiwan kept the breed alive prior to its introduction to the western world.

This breed has a unique look. The head is large, the muzzle is padded (or meaty), the eyes are small, and the ears are small and folded against the head. The body is square, while the tail is set very high and curls over the back. Puppies' skin is loose and wrinkled, while adults keep wrinkles on the head, neck, and forequarters. The coat is harsh, short (up to 1 inch in length), and stands out from the skin. Solid colors are acceptable, with some shading down the back and on the ears.

The Shar-Pei is easy to groom. The Chinese Shar-Pei Club of America says, "Shar-Pei are clean dogs that require little more care than an occasional bath, regular ear cleaning, and toenail clipping."

The Shar-Pei is usually quiet in the house but loves to run and play outside. Long, brisk walks morning and evening and a chance to play will keep this breed satisfied.

Early socialization is important to this breed, as the Shar-Pei is wary of strangers. Training should also be started young. The Chinese Shar-Pei Club of America says, "An obedient dog is a happy dog." This bright breed can be independent and stubborn; training can help the dog become more compliant. The breed was initially a peasant's dog—versatile and hard-working, used for guard duty, hunting, and herding.

The Chinese Shar-Pei needs an experienced dog owner who understands this breed's temperament. The breed can be good with children who treat the dog with respect. The breed is not social with other dogs. Health concerns include cancer and immune system problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Guard dog Size: 18 to 20 in tall; 45 to 60 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Early socialization needed Grooming: Easy

hinook

^^he Chinook got its name from the breed's founding sire. The original Chinook was born in 1917 in Wonalancet, New Hampshire, and became his owner's idea of a perfect sled dog. Arthur Walden, Chinook's owner, bred his dog so that the breed would have the strength of the larger weight-pulling dogs and the speed of the smaller racing-sled dogs.

Chinook Dog Pulling Sled

Chinooks stand 21 to 27 inches tall and weigh between 50 and 75 pounds. The head is broad with a tapering muzzle. The eyes are almond-shaped, and either dropped or pricked ears are acceptable. The body is strong, powerful, and athletic. The tail is long and sickle-shaped. The double coat is tawny-colored.

The coat does shed and needs twice weekly brushing.

Chinook owner Amanda Bays says, "Chinooks are moderately active. They do best with daily exercise but prefer to be doing what their owners are doing. They can be a jogging partner or a couch potato." Without enough exercise, though, Chinooks can become bored, and when bored, they find ways to amuse themselves, sometimes destructively. All exercise should be within a fenced-in yard.

This breed needs early and continued socialization throughout puppyhood to prevent shyness. When exposed to a variety of people, places, things, and other friendly dogs, they will grow up to be confident, well-adjusted dogs. Training is also important. Bays says, "The Chinook is smart and easy to train but can also be headstrong. They require consistent training." This sensitive breed does well with firm yet fun training—not too repetitive and not heavy-handed.

The Chinook needs an owner who is home most of the time, as the breed does not do well when left alone for many hours each day. A lonely Chinook may develop separation anxiety or destructive behaviors. They are wonderful family dogs and get along great with kids and other dogs. They should not be trusted with smaller pets. Health concerns include hip dyspla-sia, cataracts, allergies, and seizures.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC Occupation: Sled dog Size: 21 to 27 in tall; 50 to 75 lbs

Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Moderate

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Pit Bulls as Pets

Pit Bulls as Pets

Are You Under The Negative Influence Of Hyped Media Stereotypes When It Comes To Your Knowledge Of Pit Bulls? What is the image that immediately comes into your mind when you think of the words Pit Bull? I can almost guarantee that they would be somewhere close to fierce, ferouscious, vicious, killer, unstoppable, uncontrollable, or locking jawed man-eaters.

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