Tumpy Tail Cattle

tumpy Tail Cattle Dogs, also known as ^----' Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dogs, are usually simply referred to as Stumpies. This Australian breed originated in the 1800s from a cross between dingos and the Smithfield Collie. It is a close relation to the Australian Cattle Dog.

For most of this breed's history, performance, working instinct, and stamina were much more important than appearance. Most Stumpies stand between 17 and 20 inches tall and weigh between 35 and 50 pounds. The ears are erect, the muzzle is tapered, and the tail is naturally bobbed. The body is level, strong, and muscular. The coat is medium to short, dense, and harsh. Colors include red roan and blue roan.

Stumpies need twice weekly brushing, although more may be needed when shedding.

This is a very active breed who was bred to herd. Breed expert Grace Harper of Silver Park Kennel, says, "Their stamina is such that they can follow a horse all day working cattle and you still can't tire them out." This energy has attracted people who enjoy training their dogs in performance sports, and Stumpies are now competing in flyball, agility, and herding. This breed is not a couch potato!

Harper says, "Stumpies are extremely intelligent, sometimes downright scary in their ability to learn." This means training is very important. Training should begin early, continue into adulthood, and challenge the dog's abilities. Stumpies can learn tricks and should definitely have a job to do. Socialization should begin in puppyhood, as this breed is watchful and protective.

Stumpies need an actively involved owner who enjoys a canine shadow. This breed has a tendency to bond more closely with one owner than with multiple people. They are good with children when raised with them but, if not raised with them, will usually avoid them. They can be good with other dogs but often wish to be in charge. Health concerns include deafness, cleft palate, and back problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: CKC, UKC Occupation: Herder Size: 17 to 20 in tall; 35 to 50 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Vigorous daily

Training: Hard to keep challenged Grooming: Easy

Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog 371

wedish Vallhund he Swedish Vallhund, often called the Viking dog, is a very old breed dating back as far as 1,000 years. Used as a cattle herding dog and as a versatile farm dog, these dogs retain their herding instincts today. The breed is believed to be related to the welsh corgis, although the exact relationship has yet to be determined.

These long, low-slung dogs stand between 11.5 and 13.5 inches tall and weigh 25 to 35 pounds. The head is wedge-shaped, with upright ears and dark brown eyes. The body is long, the legs are strong, and the tail is either long or a natural bobtail. The undercoat is soft and dense, while the outer coat is of medium length and harsh. Colors include gray, grayish brown, grayish yellow, or reddish brown, with a distinct harness pattern on the shoulders.

This coat needs twice weekly brushing. The coat does shed, and during the spring and fall, additional brushing may be needed.

These are active dogs of herding heritage who need a chance to run and play. Although walks are great opportunities for socialization, these dogs need more exercise than a walk can provide. They will enjoy a chance to train on the agility course or play flyball. Many have excelled in herding trials. A bored Vallhund will get into trouble!

This breed thrives on training, although the owner is often challenged to keep up. Training should not be repetitive and rote but instead should continue to add new things such as advanced obedience, trick training, and canine sports. The breed is also watchful and protective, so early socialization is important.

The Swedish Vallhund needs an owner who will train her and, ideally, will do activities with her, preferably canine sports or herding. The breed can be noisy and this can cause problems with neighbors, but training can control the barking. The breed is good with kids, other dogs, and smaller pets. Health problems include hip dysplasia, eye problems, luxated pattellas, and cleft palate.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC, CKC

Occupation: Herder Size: 11.5 to 13.5 in tall; 25

to 35 lbs Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Active Training: Hard to keep challenged Grooming: Easy; sheds

hai Ridgeback hai Ridgebacks have been in existence in Thailand for more than 400 years and maybe even as long as 1,000 years, as early cave paintings portraying dogs with ridges have been found in Cambodia and Thailand. These sighthounds were used to hunt deer, tapir, and birds.

These dogs stand 21 to 24.5 inches tall and weigh 37 to 60 pounds. The head and muzzle are wedge-shaped, the eyes are almond-shaped and dark brown, and the ears are upright. The body is longer than the dog is tall. The coat is short and may be black, red, blue, or fawn. The ridge on the back consists of hairs growing in the opposite direction of the coat and may be found in eight different patterns. The ridge begins at the shoulders and runs down the back to the point of the hips.

The coat is easy to care for and needs only weekly brushing.

The Thai Ridgeback is a moderately active dog. He will appreciate a couple of walks each day and a chance to run. Exercise should be on leash or inside a fenced yard. Like most sighthounds, if a small animal is flushed while he's running, a Ridgeback will take off after it.

These dogs are natural watchdogs and protective of their homes and families. Early socialization to a variety of people is important to make sure the dogs are not shy, fearful, or overly aggressive. Breed expert Mary Ann Nemisz says, "The breed can be dog-aggressive and so requires lots of socialization with other dogs from an early age." She adds, "Thai Ridgebacks do well with training that is positive and fast paced; they bore easily and repetitive training is not for them."

Nemisz says, "This breed is not for everyone and is best for an experienced dog owner." Ridgebacks can be good with children when raised with them, but dogs not accustomed to kids may be aloof. The breed has a strong prey drive and loves to chase, so interactions with cats and other small animals should be carefully supervised. The primary health concern is problems with the dermoid sinus.

Cattle Dog Breed Tall Ears

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC Occupation: Hunter, watchdog Size: 21 to 24.5 in tall; 37 to 60 lbs

Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Daily run Training: Requires extensive socialization Grooming: Easy

ibetan Mastiff



he Tibetan Mastiff, also known as the Do-Khyi, is an ancient breed who served as both a herding dog and a guardian dog for the nomads of Tibet and a watchdog at the Tibetan monasteries. There are many varieties of this breed (from the sheep-herding varieties to the heavier-boned Mastiff ones), as working performance and physical soundness were historically much more important than physical characteristics.

The large Mastiff variety of this breed (the better-known variety) stands from 24 to 30 inches tall and weighs 80 to 160 pounds. The head is broad and heavy, with a broad muzzle, medium-sized eyes, and pendant ears. The body is strong, with a deep chest and a medium-length tail that is carried high and curled over the back. The undercoat is wooly, while the outer coat is thick and dense. The coat may black, blue, or brown, with or without tan markings.

This breed's coat requires twice weekly brushing for most of the year. However, the coat does shed, and when it does, daily brushing will help keep the hair in the house under control.

This is not an overly active breed and will do well with daily walks and a chance to play in the yard. Puppies are more active than adults and, without exercise, can be destructive.

Socialization is very important, as this breed is quite watchful and protective. These dogs should meet a variety of people and other dogs, both in a puppy class and out on walks. Training can be challenging, as these dogs can be quite independent and sometimes stubborn. However, if the training is firm and structured, yet fun and upbeat, this breed can be trained.

Tibetan Mastiffs need experienced dog owners. They are protective, and the owners must have control. They can be good with children but may not understand rough play. They are good with other family dogs but will not tolerate strange dogs. Health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, eye problems, and thyroid disease.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC, CKC

Occupation: Livestock guardian Size: 24 to 30 in tall; 80 to

160 lbs Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Challenge Grooming: Moderate

ibetan Spaniel

Pekingese Predetors

ibetan Spaniels were used as both companions and watchdogs in Tibetan villages and monasteries. Although not large enough to be effective guard dogs, their barking would alert their owners to visitors, trespassers, or predators. The breed's ancestors include the Pekingese and the Japanese Chin. Tibetan Buddhists placed ceramic statues of these dogs in tombs so that the departed would have the companionship of their dogs after death.

The Tibetan Spaniel stands from 9 to 11 inches tall and weighs 9 to 15 pounds. The head is small and slightly domed with oval-shaped dark brown eyes and pendant ears. The body is slightly longer than the dog is tall, and the tail is plumed and carried over the back. The undercoat is soft, and the outer coat is silky. The coat is smooth on the face and the front of the legs. The ears, backs of the legs, tail, and ruff are feathered.

This breed needs brushing and combing two to three times a week. The coat, especially the feathers, can tangle and mat. The coat also sheds. Lynn Parazak says of her Tibetan Spaniel, "Aja needs a daily walk, but if I can't get out, she can get enough exercise playing ball in the house or backyard." She adds that Aja is very playful, even as an adult, and loves fetch games.

Bred for centuries as a watchdog, this breed can be quite standoffish and wary of strangers. Early socialization, beginning in puppyhood, can prevent fearfulness or aggression. As watchdogs, they can also be barkers, but training can help control that. For the most part, training is easy, as these dogs are very eager to please. Many Tibetan Spaniels serve as therapy dogs.

This breed is very affectionate and loves to be with people. They are good with children who do not treat them roughly or with disrespect. Parazak says that Aja can get overwhelmed in situations with a lot of children. The primary health concern is eye problems, including PRA and cataracts.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Watchdog, companion Size: 9 to 11 in tall; 9 to 15 lbs Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Low activity level Training: Easy to moderate Grooming: Easy to moderate

/ ibetan Terriers are more than 2,000 years old, originating in Tibet as companions for the monks in the monasteries in the region that eventually became known as the Lost Valley. The Lost Valley in Tibet became "lost" when an earthquake in the 14 th century destroyed the only path into the region. The monks called the dogs Holy Dogs.

The breed was also owned by villagers in that region, who considered the dogs lucky and called them Luck Bringers. The dogs were never sold, although a dog could be given away as a token of friendship or goodwill. Owners who mistreated one of these dogs or allowed a dog to mate with a dog of another breed were in danger of losing their luck and could even be scorned or shunned by the other villagers.

Although called a terrier, this breed is not one. Because the names Holy Dog and Luck Bringer were deemed not suitable breed names once the dogs were introduced to people outside of Tibet, a new name was needed, and these dogs are the same size as many of the well-known terrier breeds. Tibetan Terriers do not have a terrier temperament, nor are they vermin hunters.

These dogs stand between 14 and 17 inches tall and usually weigh 18 to 30 pounds. The head is of medium size, with large, dark brown eyes and pendant ears. The body is slightly longer than tall at the shoulder, and the tail curls over the back. The undercoat is soft and wooly, while the outer coat is fine, profuse, and may be wavy or straight. The coat is long but does not reach the ground. It may be any color.

This coat needs to be brushed and combed at least every other day, as it will tangle and mat. Although show dogs are not to be shaved or trimmed, many pet owners do have the coat trimmed. Pet owners who enjoy the long coat may have only the feet, face, genitals, and under the tail areas trimmed slightly for cleanliness. Potential owners should discuss the breed's coat care needs with a breeder.

Since Tibetan Terriers were bred to be companion dogs, they are very adaptable. In a home where people are busy and active, the dog will be, too. In a more sedentary home, the dog tends to be calmer. However, these dogs should have at least one walk per day and a good play session to help keep them fit and to prevent obesity. Many dogs have done very well in agility and therapy dog work.

Training this breed is not difficult; Tibetan Terriers are bright and enjoy learning as long as the training is fair and fun. Socialization should begin early, as these dogs are standoffish with strangers. Although walks are great opportunities for socialization, a kindergarten puppy class is a wise idea, too. Training should continue into adulthood so that dog and owner can do something together.

The Tibetan Terrier needs an owner who enjoys grooming the dog, because even if the coat is trimmed, it still needs regular care. These dogs are excellent family dogs and are great with children as long as the kids are not too rough. They are usually good with other dogs, cats, and small animals. Health concerns include hip dysplasia and several different eye problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 14 to 17 in tall; 18 to 30 lbs

Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Low to moderate Training: Easy Grooming: Difficult

osa Ken

n the mid- to late 1800s and early 1900s, Mastiffs, Saint Bernards, Great Danes, and Bulldogs were imported into Japan to be bred with native dogs in the hopes of creating the ultimate fighting dog. The Tosa Ken was (and still is) known to be quiet, courageous, and deadly. Developed in the old Tosa province, now known as the Kochi prefecture, the breed almost went extinct during World War II but was saved by fanciers. The Tosa Ken is revered in Japan; he is the Sumo wrestler of the canine world.

These dogs stand 21.75 to 23.5 inches or taller and usually weigh between 100 and 200 pounds, although some may be heavier. The head is large and blocky, the eyes are brown, the nose black, and the ears medium-sized and dropped. The body is strong, muscular, and slightly longer than the dog is tall. The tail hangs naturally to the hocks and is never carried over the back. The dog's skin is loose, with pendulous lips, a large flap of skin that hangs beneath the chin, and wrinkles on the forehead. The coat is short and dense. Dogs may be red, brindle, black, or brown.

The coat should be brushed weekly with a soft bristle brush or curry comb. The Tosa Ken is an athletic, agile dog who needs daily exercise. He needs a couple of brisk, long walks and a chance to run and play.

Socialization is very important for this breed. Tosa Kens are very watchful of strangers and need a lot of socialization to other people as puppies and on into adulthood. These dogs are still used in Japan for ritualistic dog fights and retain those instincts. Training this breed is not difficult; Tosa Kens are eager to learn and very willing to please.

The Tosa Ken needs an experienced dog owner who can be the dog's leader. The owner must be willing to take the time to socialize and train the dog. The dog may live peacefully with other family dogs when raised with them but is usually aggressive toward unknown dogs. Health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, eye problems, bloat, and torsion.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC Occupation: Fighter Size: 21.75 to 23.5+ in; 100

to 200+ lbs Longevity: 9 to 11 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Easy; socialization required Grooming: Easy

he Vizsla's history has been hotly debated. One theory is that the breed, also known as the Hungarian Vizsla, is relatively new and is descended from the Weimaraner. The most popular theory is that the breed goes back more than 1,000 years to the hunting dogs used by the Magyar people in central Europe. No matter where these dogs come from, they were and still are talented hunting dogs used primarily for birds but also for larger game.

This medium-sized dog stands between 21 and 24 inches tall and weighs 45 to 65 pounds. The head is narrow and the muzzle is deep. The eyes are a shade of brown blending in with the coat color. The ears are dropped. The body is strong, chest deep, and tail docked to one-third its natural length. The coat is short and dense and does not have a wooly undercoat. The coat color is distinctive golden rust. The coat requires weekly brushing with a soft bristled brush.

The Vizsla is a high-energy dog who needs vigorous daily exercise. Although walks will be enjoyed and are great for training and socialization, these dogs need a chance to run hard or swim every day. Without enough exercise, Vizslas can and will get into trouble, especially when young. A tired Vizsla is a happy Vizsla!

Vizslas are bright and take well to training, although they can be surprisingly sensitive. Training should be fun yet firm and consistent. The breed has done well in many canine sports, including agility, hunt tests, tracking, and search and rescue.

This breed needs an active owner who wants to do things with the dog; this is not a good dog for the backyard. The ideal owner would be as athletic as the dog is. These dogs can be great with kids, although puppies can be rough and rowdy. The Vizsla is usually good with other dogs but may not be trustworthy with smaller pets. Health concerns include hip dysplasia, epilepsy, von Willebrand disease, and eye problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter Size: 21 to 24 in tall; 45 to 65 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Moderate Grooming: Easy


Razas Perro

ermany has produced many fine hunting dogs, and the Weimaraner is one of them. Related to the German Shorthaired Pointer, this breed was bred to be fast, have a good nose, and be a courageous problem solver. The Weimaraner has hunted large game as well as birds.

Weimaraners stand 23 to 27 inches tall and weigh between 60 and 90 pounds. The head is moderately wide between the ears and moderately long. The eyes are light amber or gray to blue-gray, and the ears are wide and dropped. The nose is gray. The body is athletic and the chest is deep. The tail is docked. The coat is short and smooth, with the breed's distinctive feature being silver-gray coloring. The short coat needs only weekly brushing. This high-energy breed was designed to run and hunt all day. Weimaraners are not couch potatoes, and all the training in the world will not change what they are: energetic hunting dogs. These dogs need vigorous exercise—a run, training on the agility course, or a game of flyball—every single day.

Training should begin early so that the owner can establish control and the puppy can learn household rules and social manners. This breed is intelligent, and these dogs often try to get their own way in life. Weimaraners left alone for too many hours may become problem barkers or escape artists. Socialization is also important, beginning young and continuing on into adulthood. Housetraining can be a challenge; the owner must be patient and consistent.

The Weimaraner needs an owner who is dedicated to keeping this dog busy and who isn't away from the house for too many hours each day. The breed is usually very good with children, although puppies can be rowdy and rough. He is good with other dogs his size, but since the breed has a strong prey drive, he is not to be trusted with smaller pets. Health concerns include hip dysplasia, eye problems, bloat, torsion, and von Willebrand disease.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter Size: 23 to 27 in tall; 60 to 90 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Challenge Grooming: Easy elsh Springer Spaniel ed and white spaniels portrayed in paintings during the Renaissance look very much like the Welsh Springer Spaniels of today. Although this breed shares the name Springer Spaniel, the Welsh is not directly related to the English Springer Spaniel. The Welsh breed developed in the isolation of South Wales and is a hardy, tireless gun dog.

These dogs stand from 17 to 19 inches tall and weigh 30 to 50 pounds. The head is of medium width and length, with medium brown, oval-shaped eyes and dropped ears. The body is slightly longer than the dog is tall at the shoulder. The tail is docked. The coat is soft and flat. The ruff, ears, backs of the legs, and belly are feathered. The coat should be weatherproof and thorn-proof without being so heavy as to create a problem when the dog is hunting. The coat is red and white.

The coat should be brushed at least twice a week to keep it clean and free of dirt and grass seed. If the dog works in the field or gets wet, it may need additional grooming.

The Welsh Springer Spaniel was bred to work tirelessly with a hunting partner, so he has a great deal of energy. When not hunting, he needs a good run every day. These dogs also enjoy agility and flyball; many are also enthusiastic swimmers. All exercise should be on leash or within a fenced-in yard so the dog doesn't decide to go hunting on his own.

Socialization should begin early, as this breed can be aloof toward strangers. Training the Welsh Springer Spaniel is not hard; these dogs are bright, affectionate, and eager to please. They can be a touch independent at times, though.

This breed needs an owner who wishes to have a canine shadow. Although Welsh Springer Spaniels enjoy the company of others of their breed, they much prefer to spend time with their owners. They are great with children and other dogs and are usually good with smaller pets. Health concerns include hip dysplasia and eye problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Gun dog Size: 17 to 19 in tall; 30 to 50 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 14 years Exercise: Daily run Training: Easy to moderate Grooming: Moderate

elsh Terrier

lthough the lineages of these dogs were not documented until the mid-1800s, rough-coated red and black terriers were known in Wales as early as the 1400s. Used for hunting fox, badgers, and otters, these dogs were (and still are) sturdy and game.

This compact, long-legged terrier stands about 15 inches tall and weighs about 20 pounds. His head is rectangular, eyes are small and dark brown, and ears are folded. The body is as long as the dog is tall at the shoulder. The tail is short. The undercoat is short and soft, and the outer coat is hard and wiry. The back is black with color going up the back of the neck and down to the tail, while the rest of the dog is a reddish tan.

The coat needs regular brushing and combing to keep it clean and neat. The beard can be messy and drip water after the dog drinks. The coat needs either regular grooming or hand-stripping; potential owners need to discuss coat care with a breeder.

The Welsh Terrier is an active dog who has fun hunting for small critters in the woodpile but also enjoys long, brisk walks. Although not as active as some other terrier breeds, these dogs will get into trouble if they don't get enough exercise. Welsh Terriers also participate in many canine sports, including agility, flyball, and terrier go-to-ground trials.

These intelligent dogs will thrive with firm, structured, yet fun training. Training should include tricks and games to keep the dog from becoming bored. Although usually more social with other dogs than many other terrier breeds, Welsh Terriers still need early and continued socialization with friendly dogs.

This breed does best with an owner who understands terriers; they may be too much for a first-time dog owner. They are not always patient with children. Most Welsh Terriers are good with other dogs but should not be trusted with other types of pets. Health concerns include epilepsy, eye and thyroid problems, and allergies.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Vermin hunter Size: 15 in tall; 20 lbs Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Moderate Grooming: Moderate to difficult

est Highland

Pit Bulls as Pets

Pit Bulls as Pets

Are You Under The Negative Influence Of Hyped Media Stereotypes When It Comes To Your Knowledge Of Pit Bulls? What is the image that immediately comes into your mind when you think of the words Pit Bull? I can almost guarantee that they would be somewhere close to fierce, ferouscious, vicious, killer, unstoppable, uncontrollable, or locking jawed man-eaters.

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