he ancestors of the Portuguese Water Dog may have come from the rugged lands near the border between China and Russia. Horses, cattle, sheep, and camels were raised in these harsh lands, and dogs were needed to herd and protect them.

In more recent times, the Portuguese Water Dog worked in the water. All along Portugal's coast, these dogs would herd fish into nets and retrieve fishing gear accidentally dropped into the water.

PWDs stand between 17 and 23 inches tall and weigh 35 to 60 pounds. The head is large and well-proportioned, the eyes are dark, and the ears are heart-shaped, dropped, and held close to the head. The chest is deep, the back well-muscled, and the topline level. The feet are webbed. The tail is not docked; it is tapered, and when the dog is alert, is held in a ring up and over the back. The waterproof coat is thick and profuse and can be either curly or wavy. There is no undercoat. The coat may be various shades of brown, black, white, brown and white, or black and white.

The coat should be brushed and combed thoroughly two or three times weekly. The coat also requires regular, breed-specific grooming and trimming. It is important that potential owners discuss the breed's grooming needs with a breeder prior to acquiring a puppy.

This is an active breed that needs daily exercise. PWDs love to swim and are amazingly skilled divers. They enjoy playing flying disc and do well in a variety of performance events, including agility. What is more important to this breed is that the owner is involved in the activities, too.

Training should be a part of every Portuguese Water Dog's puppyhood. Not only do the dogs need to learn household rules and social manners, training will also channel this breed's bright, active mind. PWDs excel in water rescue work, tracking, flying disc, obedience, and flyball.

This breed needs an actively involved owner who enjoys having an energetic canine companion. The owner should enjoy grooming the dog, training her, and doing things with her, either competitively or just for fun. The breed is a devoted family dog and can be very protective of her territory. Health concerns include Addison's disease, cancer, eye problems, allergies, kidney disease, and hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Water rescue dog Size: 17 to 23 in tall; 35 to

60 lbs Exercise: Daily Training: Easy Grooming: Difficult


Hund Sortor

in udelpointers originated Germany in the late 1800s, resulting from an effort to create a hunting breed that enjoyed water, loved to hunt and retrieve, was easily trained, and had a strong desire to please. The German Hunting Pudel (Standard Poodle) and English Pointer were used to create the new breed, hence its name. The parent clubs have worked hard to retain the breed's hunting characteristics and temperament.

These dogs stand 22 to 26 inches tall and usually weigh between 45 and 75 pounds. The head is of medium length, and the eyes are round and yellow-brown. The ears are dropped. The body is strong and slightly longer than tall. The tail is docked, leaving two-thirds of its length. The ideal coat is harsh and wiry. The face is coated with heavy eyebrows, mustache, and beard. Acceptable coat colors are primarily variations of liver and brown, but fawn and light brown are permitted.

This coat requires thorough brushing every other day, as it can tangle and mat. Many owners trim the coat around the eyes, feet, under the tail, and around the genitals to keep the dogs clean.

Pudelpointers were bred to be hunting dogs, and, when out in the field, these dogs are active hunters, although in the house, most are relatively calm. Without daily exercise, however, Pudelpointers, especially puppies, will find something to do to occupy their time, and owners often don't like their choices. Pudelpointers need a good run or swim every day. Most are natural retrievers and love to play fetch games.

Breed enthusiasts rave about this breed's ease of training. It is an intelligent breed and has a strong desire to please. Training should be structured yet fun and not too repetitive.

Although Pudelpointers are wonderful companion dogs, they do best in a hunting home, as that is where the breed's heart is. These dogs are good with children and with other dogs. They should not be trusted with smaller pets. Health concerns include hip dysplasia and allergies.

Breed in Brief

Registries: UKC, CKC,

Pudelpointer Club of North America, North American Pudelpointer Alliance Occupation: Hunter Size: 22 to 26 in tall; 45 to 75 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Daily Training: Easy Grooming: Difficult

Pudelpointer 331

Pugs Throughout History

h, the Pug! These little clowns have a long and rich history in China going back at least 2,000 years, although some breed historians believe they're much older than that. Pugs were so admired that diplomats, ambassadors, explorers, and travelers used them as barter or gifts to gain favors. This practice spread the Pug throughout the world, going first to Japan and then to Europe. In 1572, a Pug warned William, Prince of Orange, of an approaching enemy, so when William was crowned King of England, Pugs were included in the royal procession. Legend has it that when Napoleon married Josephine, one of her Pugs bit him in their honeymoon bed! Pug fanciers say the motto of the breed is "mul-tum in parvo," which means "a lot in a little." Pugs are definitely a lot of dog in a small package.

The Pug is the largest of the toy breeds. She stands 10 to 11 inches tall and weighs between 14 and 18 pounds, although some dogs are heavier. One of the key features of the Pug is her head. It is large and round, with a very short muzzle. The skin over the muzzle is wrinkled, as is the forehead. The eyes are dark and expressive, and the ears are carried high and folded. The body is compact and sturdy. The tail is curled tightly over the hips. The Pug's coat is short and smooth and can be silver, apricot-fawn, or black. The face and ears are black.

Grooming the Pug is not difficult. The short coat can be brushed with a soft bristle brush or curry comb twice weekly and she'll look wonderful. The wrinkles in the face should be cleaned daily, especially if the Pug gets food or dirt in them.

The Pug is a brachycephalic breed, meaning that the muzzle is extremely short. This can cause breathing difficulties, especially during hard exercise or in hot, humid weather. The breed does

need exercise to remain strong and healthy, but care must be taken to exercise the dog wisely. A long walk morning and evening is great, as is a good game of ball in between.

When well-socialized as puppies, Pugs are friendly, playful extroverts. Although small when puppies, they should not be overprotected, as this could cause them to become fearful. Training should begin young, as Pugs do have a mind of their own. The training should be firm yet fun and should include games to keep the dog interested and focused. Housetraining can be a challenge, but with consistency and patience, it can be accomplished. Because of their potential breathing problems and their small stature, Pugs are limited in the canine sports in which they participate, but they enjoy agility and trick training and make wonderful therapy dogs.

Pugs are great companions for people of all ages. Although they are sturdy and will take some rough handling, small children should be taught to be gentle. They usually get along with other dogs quite well, but interactions with larger dogs should be supervised so the smaller Pug is not hurt. Pugs and the family cat can become great friends. Health concerns include eye disorders, knee problems, allergies, hip dysplasia, and Pug dog encephalitis. Because Pugs enjoy eating, obesity is also a potential problem.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 10 to 11 in tall; 14 to 18 lbs

Longevity: 13 to 16 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Challenge to housetrain Grooming: Easy

Pug 333

he Puli has been used as a herding dog for Hungarian shepherds for more than 1,000 years. Often a Puli would be teamed with a Komondor; the Puli would herd the sheep or cattle and the Komondor would guard against predators. The plural of Puli is Pulik.

Pulik stand between 15 and 17 inches tall, usually weighing 25 to 35 pounds. The body is the same length as the dog is tall at the shoulder. The eyes are almond-shaped and dark, while the ears are hanging and V-shaped. The tail is carried up over the dog's back. The undercoat is soft and dense. The outer coat is wavy or curly and can either be brushed out or corded. In adults, the cords can eventually reach the ground. The coat may be black, gray, or white.

The cords on a Puli are much like controlled mats or hair tangles. Caring for this coat requires some expertise; it cannot be ignored. Longtime owner and photographer Melinda Peters says, "Unless the coat is clipped short, this is a high-maintenance breed." Potential owners should discuss coat care with a breeder.

The Puli is an active dog who needs daily exercise. She will enjoy daily walks and a chance to run. Pulik have done extremely well in many canine sports, including herding, obedience, therapy dog work, agility, and flyball.

The Puli retains her herding instincts and strong desire to work, and training can fulfill that need. Training should begin early and be fun yet firm and structured. Peters says, "The breed is receptive to training, although a passive trainer might experience difficulty." Pulik can also get bored with training that is too repetitive; this breed needs a challenge.

A Puli is versatile and can live in the city or on a ranch. She needs an owner who is going to be involved with grooming, training, exercise, and playtimes. The breed can be good with children, but some can be jealous or possessive. They should be supervised with other pets. Health concerns include hip dyspla-sia, ear infections, and cancer.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Herder Size: 15 to 17 in tall; 25 to 35 lbs

Longevity: 14 to 16 years

Exercise: Daily

Training: Easy; hard to keep challenged Grooming: Difficult

Puli Grooming

he Pumi, or Hungarian Pumi, is descended from the Puli, which was crossed with other European herding breeds imported into Hungary in the 16 th and 17th centuries. Although the specific herding breeds used are unknown, some breed experts believe that at least one of the breeds had upright, pricked ears and may have been an early ancestor of the Belgian sheepdog breeds.

Pumik (plural of Pumi) stand between 15 and 18.5 inches tall and weigh between 17 and 33 pounds. The head is long and narrow, with a broad skull. The eyes are medium-sized, and the ears are upright and mobile. The body is as long as it is tall at the shoulder and is well-muscled. The tail forms a circle above the rump. The coat is double, with a soft undercoat and a wiry, wavy outer coat. The most common colors include gray, black, and fawn.

This coat is more like a terrier's coat than most other herding breeds and requires some specific hand-grooming. A breeder can demonstrate the correct technique. Between grooming sessions, these dogs should be brushed and combed twice weekly to prevent matting.

The Hungarian Pumi Club of America says of the breed, "Her appearance embodies a thirst for action. She is always active and ready for duty." This breed needs vigorous daily exercise, but more importantly, she also needs a job to do. She can herd sheep or ducks, protect livestock from intruders, watch the family children, or hunt vermin. She can also train in agility, play flyball, catch a flying disc, or compete in obedience. She is definitely not a sedentary lap dog! Training and socialization should begin early and continue into adulthood.

The Pumi is also a noisy breed, so she is not suited to apartment or tract home life. The Pumi is bold and can be watchful and wary of strangers. She does best in a rural environment where she has an active owner and a job that will keep her busy. She can be good with children but can also try to herd them. This is a healthy breed.


Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC Occupation: Herder, vermin hunter

Longevity: 13 to 15 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Hard to keep challenged Grooming: Difficult

Pumi 335

yrenean Mastiff

Paraneise Mountain Bear

he Pyrenean Mastiff originated in the Pyrenees Mountains of Spain, where it protected livestock, primarily sheep, from wolves, bears, and poachers. The breed dates back to the Middle Ages.

This is a massive dog, standing 28 to 32 inches tall, although there is no established maximum height. These dogs weigh 120 to 155 pounds or more. The head is large and moderately long, the eyes are small and dark, and the ears are medium-sized and dropped but mobile. The body is longer than tall, with a wide chest. It has double dew claws. The tail is held in a saber shape and reaches the hocks. The coat is about 3 inches long and is always white with color around the eyes and ears. There may be patches of color on the body as well.

The coat requires thorough brushing at least twice a week. These dogs shed heavily twice a year, so additional brushing will be needed.

Breed expert Karin Graefe of De La Tierra Alta Kennels says, "A good daily walk or even a hike on a trail following an owner on horseback is all fun to this breed. It is not a high-energy breed, but if young dogs are left to their own devices without a good walk to use up energy, they may find their own mischief."

This breed is very receptive to training; Graefe says that consistency and gentle discipline are the keys to training these dogs. She adds, "This breed matures more slowly than many other breeds, so trainers must be patient." The Pyrenean Mastiff is also a very protective watchdog and guardian, so socialization should begin very young and continue into adulthood.

This breed may be too much for most first-time dog owners. The Pyrenean Mastiff needs her owner to be a leader, and the dog needs to spend time with her owner. Even though this is a livestock guardian, she also needs companionship. She is good with kids and other dogs but is very watchful of strange dogs and people. Most of these dogs drool. The primary health concern is hip dysplasia.

Breed in Brief

Registries: Pyrenean Mastiff

Club of America Occupation: Livestock guardian Size: 28 to 32+ in tall; 120 to

155+ lbs Longevity: 8 to 10 years Exercise: Moderate Training: Patient training needed Grooming: Moderate

at Terrier

How To Win Your War Against Allergies

How To Win Your War Against Allergies

Not Able To Lead A Happy Life Because Of Excessive Allergies? Want To Badly Get Rid Of Your Allergy Problems, But Are Super Confused And Not Sure Where To Even Start? Don't Worry, Help Is Just Around The Corner Revealed The All-In-One Power Packed Manual Containing Ample Strategies And Little-Known Tips To Get Rid Of Any Allergy Problems That Are Ruining Your Life Learn How You Can Eliminate Allergies Completely Reclaim Your Life Once Again

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment