White Setter

White Setter Spaniel

he Irish Setter and the Irish Red and White Setter share the same ancestry and were both popular in Ireland in the 18th and 19th centuries. However, when the Irish Setter gained popularity, the Irish Red and White Setter became quite scarce and at one time almost disappeared. The breed was reestablished in the early 1900s and is now flourishing.

This setter stands between 22 and 26 inches tall and weighs 40 to 70 pounds. The head is broad, eyes dark and oval, and ears dropped. The body is strong and slightly longer than the dog is tall. The tail reaches to the hock. The coat is short and flat with feathering on the ears, backs of the legs, and tail. The coat is white with red patches and flecking. This breed needs weekly brushing and combing to keep the coat neat and clean and to prevent matting. Most breed experts recommend that the coat be trimmed under the ears, under the tail, and around the feet.

Irish Red and White Setters are hunting dogs with strong instincts and great stamina. They need daily exercise and will run alongside a bicycle, go jogging, or enjoy a vigorous game of catch. All exercise should be on leash or inside a fenced-in yard. A young Red and White who does not get enough exercise will get into trouble.

These dogs are friendly and intelligent. Although they are easily trained as gun dogs, they do not always take well to rote obedience, so training should be firm, patient, and consistent, yet not harsh. The breed does enjoy active, fun canine sports, especially agility, flying disc, and flyball. Irish Red and White Setters have also been successful search-and-rescue dogs.

The Irish Red and White Setter does best with an owner who hunts or enjoys field trials; those instincts are strong in this breed. He is good with children when raised with them or well socialized to them. He is usually good with other dogs but may not be good with smaller pets. Health concerns include bloat and cataracts.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC FSS, UKC, CKC

Occupation: Hunter Size: 22 to 26 in tall; 40 to 70 lbs

Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Daily exercise Training: Moderate

Grooming: Easy to moderate

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rish Setter

he early origins of the Irish Setter are unknown, although the many setter breeds from the British Isles may share some of the same ancestors. Today's Irish Setter came into being in the early 1800s and quickly became a favorite of both hunters and those looking for handsome companion dogs.

The Irish Setter stands 25 to 27 inches tall and weighs 60 to 70 pounds. The body is slightly longer than tall at the shoulders. The head is long and lean, the eyes are almond-shaped, and the ears are dropped and folded. The tail reaches the hocks. The crowning glory of this breed is the rich red coat. The coat is short on the head and forelegs but is of medium length elsewhere. There is feathering on the ears, backs of the legs, belly, and tail.

This breed requires regular grooming. The coat should be brushed daily to remove dirt and burrs and to prevent matting. The neck and feet are often trimmed, especially for show dogs, but many pet owners want the same clean look.

The Irish Setter is an active dog who needs vigorous daily exercise. He can run alongside a bicycle, go for a jog, or take long, brisk walks. This breed can be funny and silly and enjoys playtimes.

All exercise should be inside a fenced-in yard or on leash; the breed's silliness can sometimes get him into trouble.

The Irish Setter Club of America recommends that all puppies go through training that is firm yet affectionate and not forceful. Although Irish Setters are silly dogs, they are also very bright, so training is good for keeping their minds busy. Puppies are slow to mature, so training should continue into adulthood. This breed also enjoys many dog sports, especially agility and flyball.

The Irish Setter needs a fun-loving owner who doesn't take life too seriously. He can be good with children, although puppies may be rowdy and rough. He is good with other dogs but should not be trusted with smaller pets. Health concerns include hip dysplasia, as well as thyroid and eye problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter, companion

Longevity: 10 to 12 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise plus playtime Training: Moderate Grooming: Moderate

rish Terrier

Royal Rubys Irish Terrier

he Irish Terrier originated at least 300 years ago on the island from which it takes its name, but other than that, the breed's origins are unknown. The breed has been used to control vermin, hunt small game, protect the family farm and home, and retrieve both on land and in the water.

The Irish Terrier is about 18 inches tall and weighs between 25 and 27 pounds. His head is long, eyes are small and dark brown, and ears are dropped and set high on the head. His body is slightly longer than tall at the shoulder. The coat is double, with a soft, fine undercoat and a hard, wiry outer coat. Irish Terriers are red, with the shade of the red varying from wheaten through bright red.

The Irish's wiry coat needs special grooming. Ideally it should be hand-stripped, so potential owners should discuss coat care with a breeder to make sure they can do what is needed.

Lt. Col. Bill Harkins, USMC, says of his Irish Terrier, "Ruby is very active. She runs in our backyard and loves to go on long walks and runs." An Irish Terrier can be mischievous; however, with enough exercise many problems can be prevented.

Irish Terriers are intelligent and have historically been independent workers and hunters; they are very good at thinking for themselves. Early training should be fun and continue into adulthood. Lt. Col. Harkins says, "Irish Terriers like to learn, and although Ruby is strong-willed and likes to have her way, she does learn well for food rewards." This breed is also very protective, sometimes overly so. Early socialization can help the owner control overprotectiveness.

This breed does best with an experienced dog owner, preferably someone who understands the working terrier temperament. The Irish Terrier can be great with kids when well-socialized to them and when the kids treat him with respect. These terriers can be challenging to strange dogs and should not be trusted with smaller pets. The breed has few health concerns.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Farm dog, hunter, watchdog Size: 18 in tall; 25 to 27 lbs Longevity: 14 to 15 years Exercise: Active Training: Challenge Grooming: Hand-stripping

rish Water Spaniel

Whip Its Dog Breed

rcheological finds in Ireland have verified experts' claims that these versatile dogs date back to the 7th century. At various times during its history, the breed (and direct ancestors of the breed) were known as Rat-Tail Spaniels, Whip-Tail Spaniels, and Shannon Spaniels. By the mid-1800s, the breed was being shown in dog shows, and several dogs—including Boatswain, his son Jack, and his great-grandson Doctor—were attracting attention to the breed.

The Irish Water Spaniel is the tallest of the spaniels, standing between 21 and 24 inches tall and weighing between 45 and 65 pounds. He gives the appearance of being strong, well-balanced, and slightly longer than tall. The head is large with a square, long muzzle. The eyes are medium, almond-shaped, and dark. The ears are long and set low on the head. The body is of medium length with a deep chest. The legs are strong, the feet are long and wide for swimming, and the tail is set low on the hips. The tail gets its "rat-tail" description because it is not covered by the curly coat. The coat is solid liver in color and is double. The undercoat is thick and the outer coat curly. The face has short coat, too, topped by a topknot of curls on the head.

This coat does not shed excessively but does need regular grooming. The ears need to be cleaned at least weekly. The curly coat should be brushed and combed thoroughly twice a week. The coat will need to be trimmed every six weeks to keep it neat and clean. Potential owners should talk with a breeder about the breed's grooming needs.

This dog was bred to be a hunting retriever able to find and retrieve downed birds in ice-cold water as well as on land. Today the breed is still an excellent hunting partner but is also being kept more and more as a family dog. When kept as a pet, an Irish Water Spaniel needs vigorous daily exercise. A natural retriever, he will play ball or flying disc and loves games of hide-and-seek. He is also a superb swimmer and will swim year-round if given the chance. When well socialized to children, he will willingly play kids' games for hours on end. This breed is very playful, and many dogs will do anything—including silly things—just for the fun of it and to get the owner's attention.

Early socialization is important, as this breed is quite watchful. Luckily, however, the breed is not prone to excessive barking. Training comes naturally to these dogs, and they thrive under fair, firm, yet fun training. The Irish Water Spaniel is very much a team player and will enjoy canine sports where dog and owner get to work together, such as agility and search and rescue. Training and socialization should continue into adulthood.

The Irish Water Spaniel can be a wonderful family dog but also needs a job to do, even if it is as simple as bringing in the morning newspaper. His owner should be actively involved with the dog; this breed does not do well when left alone for many hours each day. As a breed with strong hunting instincts, he should not be trusted with smaller pets. Health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, ear infections, and allergies. Some owners also report drug sensitivities.

Hypothyroid Irish Setter

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC Occupation: Hunter, retriever Size: 21 to 24 in tall; 45 to 65 lbs

Longevity: 11 to 13 years Exercise: Daily exercise Training: Moderate; socialization important Grooming: Difficult

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rish Wolfhound

Irish Wolfhound Allergie

his breed has a history going back to the 4th century, although it may be even older. As with so many ancient breeds, history has been pieced together through depictions of the dogs in artwork or in the few known written records. The breed was treasured for its ability to hunt the wolves that preyed upon livestock, as well as the giant elk of Ireland.

This is a giant breed. The minimum size for a male is 32 inches at the shoulder and 120 pounds. The smallest a female should be is 30 inches and 105 pounds. The head is long, and the ears are small and dropped. The chest is very deep, and the tail is long. The legs are muscular and feet are large. The coat is hard, rough, and wiry; coat colors include brindle, gray, red, black, and white.

This coat needs weekly brushing and may need occasional plucking to stay neat. Prior to choosing a Wolfhound, potential owners should discuss coat care with a breeder.

Bred for running with great speed and stamina, these dogs still enjoy running. Since the instinct to hunt is strong, all off-leash exercise should be within a securely fenced-in yard. Although adult dogs are calm and dignified, Wolfhound puppies are very large, silly, clumsy clowns who love to play. A puppy who does not get enough exercise can get into a lot of trouble and be quite destructive.

Early training is very important so that the owner can assume a leadership role before the dog exceeds 100 pounds and becomes more powerful than his human. Training should be fair and fun, never harsh.

This breed does not do well when left alone for hours each day. Although large and imposing, Irish Wolfhounds are not watchdogs. Adult dogs are good with children, although puppies should be supervised. They are usually good with other dogs but have a strong chase instinct and should not be trusted with smaller running dogs or cats. Health concerns include hip and elbow dysplasia, bloat, heart and eye problems, and seizure disorders.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Hunter, sighthound Size: 30 to 32+ in tall; 105 to

120+ lbs Longevity: 6 to 8 years Exercise: Loves to run! Training: Moderate Grooming: Weekly brushing; occasional plucking

talian Greyhound

Very Large Dog Breeds Greece

he Italian Greyhound originated more than 2,000 years ago in the regions now known as Turkey and Greece. By the 1600s, the breed was a favorite in Italy, and as the breed's popularity spread, it became a favorite of many royal families in Europe, in countries including England, Prussia, Russia, and Denmark.

The Italian Greyhound is very much a sighthound but in miniature. Standing 13 to 15 inches tall, these delicate dogs weigh just 7 to 15 pounds. The head is long and tapered, the eyes are dark, and the ears are folded at half-mast. The back is curved, body is compact, and legs are those of a runner. The tail is slender and curved. The coat is short and fine and can be any color except brindle or black and tan.

The fine coat needs weekly brushing with a soft bristle brush or soft curry comb.

IG puppies can be quite active and need daily exercise to prevent destructive behavior. The exercise can also help strengthen fine bones and build muscles. IG puppies should be prevented from jumping from heights (even a sofa), as they can break fragile leg bones. Adults are not nearly as active, although they will always enjoy a good run. All exercise should be on leash or within a fenced yard.

Italian Greyhounds are affectionate and personable, but should meet a variety of people during puppyhood, as they can be aloof with strangers. Obedience training should be fun and fair. Housetraining can sometimes be a challenge. IG puppies need to eliminate often, and bowel and bladder control can take a few months to develop. Owners need to be patient and consistent in their training.

This breed does not do well when left alone for many hours each day. This is an inside breed; the fine coat offers no protection at all from inclement weather. IGs usually get along with children and other small dogs but are fragile and should be protected from rough play. Health concerns included broken bones, dental problems, and drug sensitivities.

Breed in Brief

Registries: AKC, UKC, CKC Occupation: Companion Size: 13 to 15 in tall; 7 to 15 lbs

Longevity: 12 to 15 years Exercise: Needs supervised exercise Training: Challenge to housetrain Grooming: Easy

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ack Russell Terrier

Ack Russell

^^e Jack Russell Terrier (or JRT) is a working terrier developed by Reverend John Russell of Devonshire, England, in the mid- to late 1800s. The Reverend Russell enjoyed fox hunting and wanted a breed of dog who could find, chase, and go-to-ground after the fox. He began with the Fox Terriers of the 1800s (who were quite different from today's Fox Terriers) and bred a small, sturdy, energetic, feisty little hunting dog.

The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTCA) is the parent club in the U.S. (with the Jack Russell Terrier Club of Great Britain) and is devoted to guiding the breed into the future as a

healthy working terrier true to its heritage. The club opposed AKC and UKC recognition, although both registries went ahead and accepted the breed. It is now known as the Parson Russell Terrier in the AKC, but remains the Jack Russell Terrier with the UKC. (For more on this, see the Parson Russell Terrier profile on page 312.)

First and foremost, the JRT is a tough little terrier that stands between 10 and 15 inches tall. The eyes are dark, the ears dropped and V-shaped. The coat is either smooth, rough, or broken but not wooly. White is the predominant color, with tan, black, or brown markings. There are variations in body form and type, but in all cases, the dog should present a compact, balanced appearance and be strong and fit. The tail is docked. The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America says, "Jack Russell Terriers are a type, or strain, of working terrier; they are not a pure breed in the sense they have a broad genetic makeup, a broad standard, and do not breed true to type."

Grooming the JRT is not difficult. The smooth-coated dogs can be brushed with a soft bristle brush or curry comb twice weekly, while the rough or broken-coated dogs may need brushing with a pin or slicker brush a little more often. None of the coat types mats.

Vigorous daily exercise is needed to keep this breed happy. Although a long morning and evening walk will be enjoyed, that isn't enough. This little dog will also need a couple of long, vigorous games of fetch, a game of flying disc, or a training session on the agility course. The more exercise the better, because without it, these little dogs will amuse themselves, and that's rarely good.

Socialization and training are also important. JRTs are feisty and think for themselves; they need to be guided in the direction you wish them to go, and you need to make the training challenging and fun enough to keep them interested. JRTs have excelled in many canine sports, including agility and flyball.

Although this breed can be good with people of all ages, the JRT can sometimes be too pushy for small children or the elderly. This is a tough breed for a first-time dog owner; she will do better with someone who understands the terrier temperament. The JRT can be feisty with other dogs, and all interactions with small pets should be supervised. Remember, this is a hunting breed. The JRT gets along great with horses and is often used as a stable dog, keeping horses company and hunting mice and rats. Health concerns include eye and knee problems and obsessive-compulsive behavior problems.

Breed in Brief

Registries: JRTCA, UKC Occupation: Hunter, performance sports Size: 10 to 15 in tall; 10 to 20 lbs

Longevity: 14 to 16 years Exercise: Vigorous daily exercise Training: Moderate; hard to keep challenged Grooming: Easy

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agd Terrier

How To Housetrain Any Dog

How To Housetrain Any Dog

Fundamentals of Dog and Puppy Training. Although dogs shouldn't be attributed with having human characteristics, they are intelligent enough to be able to understand the concept of, and execute, certain actions that their owners require of them - if these actions are asked in a way that dogs find rewarding.

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