Back and chest

I include the back and the chest together here, because they're part of the dog's torso, which includes the i Prosternum The prosternum is the top of the sternum, a bone that ties the rib cage together. i Chest The chest is the entire rib cage of the dog. i Back The back runs from the withers to the loins, or from the point of the shoulders to the end of the rib cage. The term back is sometimes used to describe the back and the loin. i Flank The flank refers to the side portion of the dog...

Brushing Up on Dog Show Basics

So what, exactly, is a dog show, and why is it so important for your dog to look pretty in one When dog people talk about dog shows, they're usually talking about conformation dog shows and not necessarily a performance event, such as obedience or agility trials. Conformation shows are the typical dog shows most people think about and see on television, in which the dog is judged on how he looks and how he conforms to the standard. (Performance events usually are called trials to make a...

Coat textures

In the same way there are different types of coats, different coats have different textures. Understanding the texture of your dog's coat is crucial for proper grooming. The following list describes different coat textures 1 Smooth coats The smooth-coated or short-coated dog has very short hair that lays back against the dog's skin. A smooth coat can be either double-coated or single-coated, depending on the breed. These coats tend not to be much of a hassle when it comes to grooming even...

Demodectic mange

Yet another skin mite infestation is demodectic mange, which is caused by Demodex canis. This mite normally exists on a dog's skin and presents no problems, unless something goes awry with the dog's immune system and the mange mites take over. Two types of demodectic mange are 1 Localized demodectic mange This infestation occurs in puppies under a year old. It's usually localized (hence the name) and may occur around the face or legs. In 90 percent of the cases, the dog's immune system kicks...

Grind Rather Than Clip Your Dogs Nails

One solution that a breeder suggests is using a nail grinder (similar to a Dremel rotary tool) on your dog's toenails. (I don't know why some dogs prefer grinding to clipping, they just do.) A bonus is that you don't have to file rough edges. 1 Beware that you can grind too much. A friend who is a veterinarian told me how a client overused her grinder and ground her dog's nails too far, eventually causing a serious infection. She ground the nails into the quick,...

Clarifying the Corded Breeds Coif

Discovering the corded breeds Developing those doggie dreadlocks Bathing (and drying) the corded canine coiffure Preparing your corded dog for show f you've never seen a corded dog, the first time you run into one you're likely to think that you've met up with a mop with four feet, a wet nose, and a tail. But make no mistake about it, these dogs are cool to watch and look fabulous when their coats are in full cords. Cords on these breeds form naturally. The undercoats naturally entwine with...

Internal Parasites

You may be surprised to find something about internal parasites in a grooming book, but internal parasites can ruin a dog's skin and hair. The reason's quite simple A dog can't be beautiful outside if something inside is ruining his health. Internal parasites often result in a haircoat that becomes dingy and lackluster, especially when there's a worm infestation. Roundworms most often are the culprit, but I've seen hookworms and tapeworms take their toll on a dog's coat, too. Mishka, a dog I...

Rear and tail

At long last (especially with Dachshunds and Basset Hounds) you come to the tail end of the dog. The parts that make up your dog's rear end include the i Rump (or croup) This part of the dog is the proverbial rear end it's where the pelvis bone is. You need to use care in grooming this section because it's tender. Fluffy hairs often found behind the rump under the tail tend to attract plenty of knots, tangles, and other nasties. i Tail set The tail set is where the tail attaches to the rump....

The basics

You can brush most long-haired dogs the same way with a few breed-related differences or exceptions. Some long-haired dogs have parted coats, meaning their coats are parted along the back and then brushed accordingly. Others have what are called topknots that is, head hair gathered up in a rubber band or bow. Nevertheless, here are the basics of brushing the long-coated dog 1. Check for any tangles or mats and remove them using detangler solution and a medium-toothed comb. If this method...

Using clippers safely

Here are some handy guidelines for safely using clippers on your dog's coat 1 Be sure your clipper blades are sharp. Dull clippers pull hair more. 1 Choose the clipper blade that works best with the specific type of coat your dog has so you achieve the result you want. If you're not sure about the cut of the blade you're using, you can try using one of the many snap-on guide combs that are available. These combs help you make a uniform cut. Always use clipper coolant or lubricant on your blades...

Muzzling a dog

No matter how sweet and gentle your dog is, I can guarantee that she'll bite if she's fearful or in pain. That reaction isn't a question of good temperament it's a question of instinct. Before you treat a dog for any emergency, you have to muzzle her to keep her from biting you. Protecting yourself is important. Muzzle a dog only if the following conditions are met. Your dog i Is conscious i Does not have an obstructed airway i Isn't having trouble breathing i Isn't suffering from heatstroke i...

Cuts and nicks

Maybe you were using scissors when you shouldn't have been, or maybe your dog squirmed a bit they have been known to do that. Whatever the reason, you've somehow cut or nicked your dog, and he's pretty unhappy with you, I'm sure. So you need to be sure to treat the nicks carefully. Anything that looks like it needs to be sutured probably does, and you need to take your dog to the vet to get him stitched up immediately. If there's still a fair amount of hair, use a guarded clipper to remove as...

Introducing the Washand Wear Breeds

When I talk about the wash-and-wear dog, I'm often referring to short-coated breeds. These dogs typically have hair that doesn't require much brushing and almost never mats. In this section, I actually cover these breeds in three categories dogs with no hair, dogs with short hair, and dogs with medium-length hair. Arguably these dogs can appear in other groupings by coat types. For example, a good number of medium-coated dogs actually have double coats and fall into the double-coat breeds...

Screening the professional groomer

After you find a professional groomer you're interested in using, you need to determine whether that groomer is the right one for your dog. Not all groomers are comfortable with all dogs, and some groomers prefer to work only with certain breeds. Some groomers may use tranquilizers, especially with difficult-to-handle or aggressive dogs. I don't recommend tranquilizers at all, except under extreme circumstances, such as a totally freaked out pooch. If you don't know whether a groomer uses...

Never Bathe Your Dog Unless He Is Really Dirty

A myth that I hear all the time is that you shouldn't bathe your dog unless he's dirty, because you'll dry out his coat or his coat needs those vital oils, or something to that effect. If you show dogs, you know that claim just isn't true. But when you delve deeper into this myth, you find that at one time, it was true, primarily because shampoos weren't formulated to be pH-balanced with a dog's skin. Today's shampoos and conditioners for dogs are so well formulated that you can wash your dog...

Gearing Up

If you read Chapter 2, you know how important grooming is for your dog's health, but now you're probably wondering where to begin. After all, you may have a brush or comb or maybe some shampoo that you bought at the local grocery or pet supply store, but is that what you need to make your dog pretty Will the stuff you already have work in a pinch when you have virtually nothing besides a slicker brush and a garden hose And will the basket of dog things that Uncle Ed gave to you after Missy the...

Skin irritation

Your dog can suffer skin irritation from the clippers or from virtually any of the products you're using. If your dog suffers clipper burn, you can apply some aloe vera on the irritated areas. To prevent clipper burn, you can use a clipper coolant, which cools off the clipper blades fast, before working on your dog's coat (see Chapter 7). If you suspect your dog has irritation caused by a particular product, try washing your dog again, this time with a hypoallergenic shampoo and conditioner and...

Getting Your Dog to Help You Reach the Right Places

Grooming goes much more easily when your dog is willing to help you. Your dog doesn't necessarily have to compete in dog shows or attend obedience-training classes to know a few key cues that can make your job of grooming him that much easier. i Get onto and off of the grooming table i Sit on command i Lie down on one side or the other Showing your dog how to do these things takes a certain amount of patience on your part and his. After he catches on, grooming will go much more quickly. Helping...

Genetics

Your dog's genetic makeup is something you really can't do much about, so unless you're buying a new dog and even then dog genes will be dog genes you're pretty much stuck with whatever genetics he has. If your dog has a wavy or kinky haircoat, that's something his genes says he has, and you have to deal with grooming it. An unfortunate side to genetics is that your dog can have some hereditary diseases lurking in his genes. He may have problems, like sebaceous adenitis or hypothyroidism, that...

Brushing and Combing Basics

Brushing and combing form the foundation of good grooming. Most dogs don't actually need baths all that frequently. They usually need them only when they get noticeably dirty or have to go to a show. However, they must be brushed and combed often usually twice weekly or more often, depending on the breed and coat (check out Part III of this book for specifics). Brushing and combing are great for your dog's skin and coat, because they distribute oils from the skin throughout the coat and get rid...

Prebath brushing and clipping

A prebath brushing is absolutely essential. A prebath clipping is up to you, the groomer. Before bathing your long-haired dog, brush him out no matter how dirty he is. Doing so lessens the chances for tangles and mats to form when you wet down your pooch. Some groomers prefer to give their dogs a prebath clipping that's assuming the dog has been thoroughly brushed out. The idea behind a prebath clipping is to get rid of excess hair and any damaged ends before soaking the dog down. A bonus from...

Dealing with grass awns foxtails

Grass awns (bristle-tips) are much like burrs and sticker-type seeds, with one important difference These things can be downright dangerous if they're allowed to burrow into a dog's body. Where I live, grasses produce awns that look sort of like a fox's tail (hence the name foxtail) see Figure 15-1a. Bushy on one end and pointed on the other, the pointed end has small barbs that enable the foxtail to work its way deep into hair and eventually into skin and muscle (see Figure 15-1b). ajjlWG Left...

Sebaceous Adentitis

A hereditary skin disease, sabaceous adentitis destroys the sebaceous (oil) glands in the skin, especially in Standard Poodles. It can also appear in Akitas and Samoyeds. Dogs who have this disease lose hair symmetrically, along both sides of the face, ears, neck, body, and tail. The dog's skin becomes flaky with seborrhea (see later section by the same name).Your veterinarian needs to test your dog for sebaceous adentitis and can treat it with various medications, including corticosteroids,...

Setting Up Shop

You have your training, applied for your business and sales licenses, checked with your accountant and attorney, and now you're ready to set up shop. What next Read on Where you plan to operate your grooming business is the most important decision you need to make as you set up shop. You have a few choices, including in your home, as a standalone shop, or in conjunction with another business Many first-time groomers set up shop right out of their homes, but before you hang out your sign, you...

The Dutch cut

Dog With Inch Spine

The Dutch cut see Figure 14-4 is a showy cut with less work than some of the show clips. The feet, face, neck, rib cage and flank, and base of the tail are shaved, and the tail is shaped like a pompom. To groom your Poodle in a Dutch cut, try the following 1. Shave your dog's face using a No. 10 or No. 15 blade. Work away from the eyes and down to the base of the throat, continuing to shave the entire neck from the occiput or the highest point of the dog's skull see Chapter 2 to the shoulders....

Spiffing Up Short and Medium Coated Breeds

Exploring the characteristics of medium-coated breeds Grooming short- and medium-coated dogs Getting a wash-and-wear dog ready to show ogs with short or medium coats are the wash-and-wear dogs of the canine world. They're the least grooming intensive, needing almost no clipping and minimal brushing when compared to long-coated breeds see Chapter 13 . Now, I said these dogs have shorter coats, but I never said they were low shedding or low maintenance. When pondering a short coat, you may think...

As the cords form

At some point, your puppy's coat is going to start forming cords see Figure 10-2 . They usually begin to form at the skin first as the puppy starts shedding his puppy fluff, and the coat begins to mature. After the cords start forming, you need to separate them from the other hair with your fingers to make sure that they don't form mats. Separating the cords is a daily task together with brushing out any other hair that hasn't yet become part of a cord with a slicker brush and a comb. Cords...

Can Fleas Live At Higher Altitudes

Fleas are the worst when it comes to dogs. They thrive in virtually all climates, except in extremely cold and extremely dry conditions and at high altitudes. I live in an extremely cold, dry, high-altitude area, but even we have fleas here, and ours tend to carry wonderful diseases like bubonic plague you remember the Black Death. Charming, isn't it Some people don't take fleas seriously. However, a quick surf through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC Web site www.cdc.gov...

Exercise

Exercise doesn't mean going to the doggie gym it simply means keeping your dog and you for that matter fit and trim by having a little fun doing the activities that you and your dog already enjoy, such as walking, hiking, playing fetch, swimming, or playing some dog sports. Exercise is important to your dog's overall health and appearance and that's what you're trying to improve when you groom, isn't it . A dog that looks lousy because he's fat and flabby isn't going to look nice when you're...

Employ Snoods and Hoods to Keep Clean

Many long-haired dogs experience problems with keeping their beautiful coats clean. Pet and show dog owners have come up with a solution called a snood. A snood is a type of wrap-around cloth that keeps the dog's ears and hair from getting dirty. You can purchase or make your own snoods by sewing together some stretch fabric to fit around your dog's neck. If you're concerned about your dog's legs getting icky with under brush or piddle, you can either sew some simple leg protectors that wrap...

Cheyletiella mange

Cheyletiella mange, or walking dandruff, usually affects puppies. Dog dandruff is white and flaky just like human dandruff. Although this type of mange is contagious, it's also fairly rare, typically affecting dogs in large breeding kennels or pet shops. It's caused by a red mite that can infect humans. You usually see these mites along the back with a considerable amount of dandruff. If you suspect your dog has cheyletiella mites, take him to the veterinarian. Your vet will need to make a...

From bigbox pet supply stores

If I'm going to talk about big-box discount department stores, I may as well talk about the big-box versions of pet supply stores like PETCO and PetSmart. These supply stores cater to guess who You Well, they cater to the pet owner. These stores offer you aisle upon aisle of pet stuff, including doggie grooming equipment and supplies. Why, you'll feel like you've gone to doggie nirvana. The neat part of going to these stores is that you usually have more than one brand and more than one choice...

Oops Righting a wrong

It's a normal part of being human. Occasionally, you're going to make goof-ups that aren't going to hurt your dog but will make her look pretty silly. No matter how hard you try, you make a mess, and now your dog looks like she's having a bad hair day. What do you do Take a deep breath before you panic, and try to relax. If your dog is injured, with cuts to the skin, see Chapter 17 on how to handle them. If your dog has suffered clipper burn, you can use a little aloe...

Web Sites

You can check out the Web sites that I list in the sections that follow regardless of whether you merely want only to groom your own dog or you're leaning toward turning pro and using your skills to groom other folks' best friends. If you're looking for information about grooming your own dog or finding someone to do it for you, be sure to check these two Web sites Petgroomer.com www.petgroomer.com Petgroomer.com is a great Internet resource guide for folks whose focus mainly is on grooming...

Using a shedding blade

Another tool in your coat-stripping arsenal is a shedding blade. Using one is not as precise as a stripping knife, but if you have a big job of getting rid of a lot of hair all at once, the shedding blade can help. Shedding blades usually are large blades that can be held in a folded position or straight. You basically drag the small teeth of the blade over the dog, and they pull out the hair onto the floor. Be careful not to scrape your dog's skin with the blade When you have a big job a big...

Allergic reaction

The most serious allergic response is an anaphylactic reaction, in which the dog stops breathing. The other, more common type of allergic reaction involves simple redness and itching. Luckily, anaphylactic reaction is a rare condition that you're unlikely to see. Unfortunately, its beginning symptoms are virtually the same as for the simpler reaction. If your dog is suffering from anaphylactic reaction, time is of the essence Take your dog to a veterinary emergency room immediately, because you...

Lamb and Rice Is a Good Food for Coats

The lamb-and-rice good coat myth is interesting in that it started when vets prescribed lamb-and-rice-based dog foods for dogs whose owners were looking for relief from skin allergies for their pooches. At the time, the lamb-and-rice diet was a novel protein and carbohydrate source to which dogs were not allergic. Suddenly hot spots disappeared, and all the skin conditions went away. So, breeders and pet owners began believing the lamb-and-rice combination was the miracle dog food for coats....

Using a stripping knife

Stripping Knife

Probably the easiest way to strip a dog's coat that yields pretty good results is stripping it with a stripping knife. Stripping knives are not truly knives and should never be sharp enough to cut or otherwise injure the person using it. Instead a stripping knife looks something like a putty knife that a plumber might use, except it has short teeth on one side. Using a stripping knife is pretty simple. Run the knife through a bit of your dog's hair by grasping some of the hair between your...

Doing the lowmaintenance do A Puppy cut

Many first-time, long-haired dog owners are surprised by how much work it takes to groom their pups. Not only is brushing a lot of work, but keeping your dog's coat mat-free can be a real headache. Most long-haired dog owners fall into one of these three coat-care camps i They do all the brushing and coat care and don't mind it because they like the look. i They like the look, but have no time to do the coat care properly, and the dog ends up looking matted until they can pay a groomer to clean...

Satisfying Your First Customers

Your first customers are often your most special customers. They're the folks who took a chance to hire you to take care of their pups, so you need to start making a good first impression with them right off the bat. Your sense of professionalism is the first thing that impresses new clients, so make sure it's well honed by 1 Answering the phone in a professional manner 1 Setting up a schedule and reminding clients of their dogs' appointments 1 Always treating clients courteously Good business...

The medium coats

Grooming Golden Retriever

Dogs with medium coats don't quite have short coats, but they aren't longhaired dogs either see Figure 8-3 . For lack of a better term, they have medium coats that make them easier to groom than the double-coated and long-haired breeds, yet they still need some attention. The medium-coated dogs include The Golden Retriever has a medium coat that requires more grooming attention than short-coated breeds to avoid mats. The Golden Retriever has a medium coat that requires more grooming attention...

Strangulation

Skin Dehydration Test Dog

If your dog is somehow strangled, remove grooming or bathing nooses or whatever is constricting your dog's breathing such as collars or harnesses . If your dog is unconscious, follow the steps under the Performing mouth-to-mouth resuscitation section earlier in this chapter. Get your dog to a veterinarian as soon as possible even if she is conscious.

Making the hair stand up

Now that you've conditioned your dog with enough mousse and coat textur-izer to saturate her coat, you may be wondering just how to get her fur to puff out like the other show dogs you see. If you have a dog with a stand-up coat meaning, she puffs out naturally , you're in luck Your dog has a natural show coat. But if yours doesn't puff, here are some tricks you can try to make your dog look like she has a stand-up coat I While your dog's coat is drying, use your blow-dryer against the lay of...

Head

The dog's head is probably the first thing you look at. And why not After all, it's pretty expressive. When you want to groom a dog, you'll be cleaning ears, brushing teeth, and removing those gunky tear stains from beneath the eyes. And yes, you'll be washing your dog's face, too. Different dog breeds have different types of heads that have a variety of names. Dogs basically have one of three head types Dolichocephalic This head type is the long and thin head seen in dog breeds like the...

Zinc Responsive Dermatosis

Zinc responsive dermatosis is a hereditary disease in which a dog fails to adequately absorb enough zinc in his diet. The result is a scaly and crusty nose, paw pads, and belly. This condition may be mistaken for other autoimmune diseases, like Collie nose an autoimmune disease that looks like a sunburnt nose, common to Collies , so it needs to be diagnosed through a skin biopsy in which the vet removes and tests a small piece of the nose. Zinc responsive dermatosis is prevalent among northern...

Neck and shoulders

The neck and shoulders are the next parts of the canine anatomy that I cover. Parts of the neck and shoulders include the ii Nape The nape of the neck is where the neck joins the base of the skull in the back of the head. If you're clipping around the neck, you'll quite often need to locate the nape. i Throat Like your own throat, the dog's throat is beneath the jaws. It's tender, and many dogs don't like their throats handled roughly. Be mindful when brushing or clipping. i Crest The crest...

Relax and have fun

When it's ring time, give your dog one last spritz and use your comb to fluff her coat if you have to. Although you may be ready to carry a whole bunch of spray bottles full of bodi-fier and conditioners and a comb and brush with you while you wait, resist the temptation. Don't do it, unless you have a friend handy to help you. After all, where are you going to put the stuff when the ring steward calls your dog's number If you have to bring something, take along a comb that you can slip in your...

Inside and Out What Affects a Dogs Coat and Grooming

Understanding parts of the dog and how they relate to good grooming Exploring how diet and good care can affect your dog's health Discovering how haircoat, genetics, and other factors may affect your dog's grooming 5o you're well acquainted with the importance of good grooming for your dog's health and well-being if you read Chapter 1, you're well on your way and you've grabbed your slicker brush and Greyhound comb and decided it's time to make your dog beautiful. Before you get started here...

Unclogging Anal Sacs

Has your dog suddenly taken to using your nice, new Berber carpet as a roll of toilet paper If so, you may be in for a real treat. You may have the distinct pleasure of helping your dog remove the fluid from his anal sacs and you thought dog grooming wouldn't be any fun . Anal sacs, or a dog's anal glands, are located around or on either side of the dog's anus. These sacs carry some smelly fluid and occasionally need to be expressed, or emptied. Many dogs express them by themselves every time...

Bichontype cut

The Bichon-type cut looks great on Bichon Frise, but it looks great on any toy breed dog with curly hair, such as a Toy Poodle or a mixed breed of toy size see Figure 11-7 . When trimming a dog in this cut, you need to do the following 1. Select a clipper blade that will work well with your dog. Use a No. 3 or No. 4 blade for the body and a No. 10 blade for close-in trimming. filUBi You need scissors to trim the Bichon-like coat. Be exceedingly careful with scissors, because they can seriously...

Fleas Ticks Lice and Mites

External parasites, such as fleas, ticks, lice, and mites, can make your dog miserable. But they're more than just pests they're health hazards for you and your pet. These bugs can ruin your day, too. Nothing is worse than getting these pests yourself. In the sections that follow, I tell you about each of these parasites and how to take care of them. NG Cats and pets other than dogs also may be affected by fleas, ticks, lice, and mites and therefore need to be treated however, they need their...

Controlling the Situation at All Times

Prior planning prevents poor performance. In the case of grooming, that means you need to be in control of your dog at all times during the grooming session. You don't want to chase your dog all around the house while trying to brush him or give him a bath. That means crating your dog when you're unable to watch him and keeping him still with aids like a tub noose when you're washing him or a head noose when you're grooming him on the grooming table. If you're fearful of being bitten during...

Rolling the coat

Rolling is a term used by groomers to describe a certain type of stripping. It's generally done by hand, but it can be done using a knife. You start on one section and strip or pluck that section on one day. Then the next day or in a few days, you strip another section. Because you usually move from one section to the next in a pattern that ultimately covers your dog's entire body, it's called rolling. One positive side effect of rolling is that you strip only a little bit of your dog's coat at...

Finding the fickle flea

First you need to determine whether your dog has fleas. Fleas love warm areas, so places around your dog's belly and groin are prime flea stomping grounds. Around the base of the tail is also a place to look for fleas. Of course, if you see an adult flea hopping around, it's a good bet that fleas are present. Use a flea comb see Chapter 3 to look for fleas. If you see blackish or reddish grains that turn red when wet, you're looking at flea feces yes, flea poop , and you can bet fleas are on...

Add Beautiful Shine to Your Dogs Coat

Is your dog's coat dull and drab If you have a dog with a short coat, you can perk it up with an oil-based coat conditioner. Sometimes lanolin or mink oil works well. Spread a small amount in your palms and rub them together before rubbing your hands all over your dog's coat. Then, finish up with a hound glove, which is a grooming mitt for short-coated dogs see Chapter 3 . If your dog's coat is long, spray the conditioner liberally throughout the hair and then comb or brush it through the coat....

The bald breeds

Dog Breed Grooming

Make no mistake, hairless breeds have their own set of grooming requirements. These dogs are characterized by having little or no hair at all see Figure 8-1 , but an occasional powder puff coat shows up in their litters. Powder puffs are bald-breed dogs that actually have hair. The bald breeds include the American Hairless Terrier Chinese Crested Hairless Khala Peruvian Inca Orchid Xoloitzcuintli When you look at so-called hairless breeds, you may be surprised to see dogs with tufts of hair. In...

Introducing the Long Haired Breeds

Show Grooming Maltese

Many dogs have long hair see Figure 13-1 . If you have one of these breeds, you must be dedicated to working ahead so that you keep your dog's coat in good condition and free of mats. The long-haired breeds include Exploring the long-coated breeds Grooming your long-coated dog Preparing your long-haired dog for show il Japanese Chin l Lhasa Apso I Longhaired Dachshund I Maltese I Old English Sheepdog i Papillon i Pekingese i Chihuahua Long Coat i Gordon Setter i Polish Lowland Sheepdog i Shih...

Tumors and Cysts

A dog can get a tumor or cyst just about any time during his life, but the likelihood increases with age. If you feel a lump or bump on your dog, check the opposite side to see whether the bump is bilateral, meaning that you find the same bump in the same location on both sides of the dog. If it is, the bump's probably normal. If it isn't, you need to have your veterinarian examine it immediately. If you still aren't sure whether the bump is normal that is, part of the dog's anatomy , go ahead...

Taking Note Keeping a Grooming Diary

A grooming diary is an invaluable tool for grooming your dog. It doesn't have to be fancy just something in which you can make notes to keep track of what you've done and how your dog looks and reacts. Jot down the following list at the front of your diary and be sure to include this basic info about each grooming session i Date This lets you know when your last session was. i Grooming procedure s Did you simply trim your dog's nails and brush his teeth, or did you groom him from nose to tail i...

Mousse and a spritz Conditioning the coat

Plenty of good coat conditioners are available to get dogs ready for show. Most, like coat dressings and bodifiers, are used to add volume to your dog's hair. Texturizers also are available to give your dog's coat the proper feel. You need all this stuff, because using it has to do with giving your dog the proper coat type. For example, certain breeds are supposed to have what's called a harsh coat. That means the dog's coat feels a little stiff to the touch and is weatherproof. When you bathe...

Cushings Disease

Cushing's disease is a serious condition in which a dog is exposed to cortico-steroids for a long period of time either as a result of long-term medications or as a result of a tumor on the adrenal or pituitary glands. Corticosteroids affect metabolism, responses to inflammation, and reactions to stress. Dogs who have Cushing's usually have hair loss, excessive thirst and urination, brittle and dry hair, a tragic-looking expression, a pot-bellied abdomen, weakness, and loss of muscle mass. If...

Dogs Saliva Has Fewer Germs than a Humans

You probably heard that dogs' mouths are cleaner than human mouths a million times while growing up I know I did. The myth generally goes something like this A dog's saliva somehow has healing properties and has fewer germs than a human mouth. I remember people sagely claiming this one while a dog was licking a wound on his leg or maybe licking a kid's face. Well, I have news for you. It isn't true. Now before all you dog lovers throw rocks at my house and flood my mailbox with hate mail, let...

The Retriever cut

Poodle Retriever Cut

The following instructions explain how to make the Retriever cut see Figure 14-1 1. Select a clipper blade that works well with your dog. Use either a No. 5 or No. 7 blade for the body and a No. 10 or No. 15 blade for close-in trimming around the feet, face, tail, genitals, and anus. You can also snap-on a guide comb to help you guide the clippers to a uniform cut. If you do, you need to use a No. 30 blade. 2. Trim the coat evenly all over your dog's body, but leave the face and ears alone. Run...

Glue

Glue can create a pretty sticky situation when it comes to dog hair, because so many different adhesives are on the market. Some are dangerous others aren't a big deal. Household or craft glues like Elmer's School Glue are usually water soluble, nontoxic, and fairly easy to remove. Remember the kids who used to eat the stuff Yuck However, if your dog gets into something serious like superglue or some type of ultra-strong bonding agent, you'd better read the labels to get a better idea what...

Introducing the Big Hairy Deal Double Coated Breeds

Technically many dog breeds that aren't discussed at length here in this chapter actually have double coats. Among them are breeds like Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, and even Pugs. But unlike the hairy dudes I'm going to tell you about, those breeds are not as difficult to groom see Chapter 8 . Big hairy double coats are dogs that are typically characterized as having dense double coats that shed once or twice a year see Figure 9-1 . Some breeds in this category actually can shed...

Atopic dermatitis

A type of contact and sometimes inhalation allergy, atopic dermatitis is usually associated with environmental factors such as pollen and grasses. Dogs are itchy and usually scratch or lick their paws when they're affected. You can see where your dog has licked her paws because of the brown saliva stains on them. Dogs can experience worse symptoms of atopic dermatitis, such as redness in the skin, hair loss, skin infections, and even ear infections. Although this allergy is common, it's...

Substitute in a Pinch

What happens if you don't have the right shampoo and conditioner for your kind of dog Can you substitute other kinds In a pinch, yes. You don't want to use other shampoos and conditioners that aren't meant for dogs too often because they also don't have the proper pH-balance for their coats. You can occasionally substitute the following 1 Human shampoo for dog shampoo. 1 Human conditioner for dog conditioner. 1 Plain Ivory or Dawn hand-dishwashing soap for dog shampoo. Don't use any other...

Shedding the Slick and Sticky Stuff

The following sections tell you how to remove gunk like petroleum-based products, tarry substances, gum, glue, or sticky and sugary stuff from your dog's fur. Always remember to bathe your dog in a pH-balanced dog shampoo and to apply a good dog-fur conditioner after you've removed the problem substances. And don't forget to thoroughly rinse all soapy residues from your dog's coat. If the problem substances are overwhelming and you don't think the methods for removing them outlined in the...

The Bikini cut

Poodle Bikini Clip

The Bikini cut Figure 14-6 is similar to the Retriever cut with a few interesting flourishes that make it look a bit more fancy. To groom your Poodle in a Bikini cut, try the following 1. Select a clipper blade that works well with your dog. Use a No. 5 or No. 7 blade for the body and a No. 10 or No. 15 blade for close-in trimming around the feet, face, tail, genitals, and anus. You can also use a snap-on guide comb to help you guide the clippers to a uniform cut. If you do, you need to use a...

Small Terrier clip

Here's a small Terrier clip you might enjoy seeing on your dog see Figure 11-4 1. Select a clipper blade that works well with your dog. Use a No. 5, No. 7, or No. 834 You'll also need a No. 10 clipper blade, if your dog has a standard Terrier head. If your breed has a standard Terrier look, meaning it has the look of a basic Terrier, start by trimming the face with a No. 10 blade starting from behind the eyebrows to the occiput or the highest point on the dog's skull see Chapter 2 . You can...

Check the rest of your dogs coat and the base of his tail looking for those darn prickers

Remove them with cornstarch and your fingers or a comb. If the burrs cause serious mats, don't use scissors to cut them out. Try to loosen them first with cornstarch and your fingers, but if that doesn't work, you may have to get out your electric clippers and gently shave the burrs from your dog's coat. Note Keep your hand between the electric clippers and your dog's skin. If too many burrs make the task ahead look too big, you may want to seek professional help from either a veterinarian or a...

Tomato Juice Gets Rid of Skunk Odor

If you've checked out Chapter 15, you know the answer to this one. If you wash a skunked dog in tomato juice, you get a stinky pink dog A skunk's spray is made up of a number of stinky compounds called thiols. Thiols are the same things that make decomposing flesh and dog poop stink, but those thiols aren't necessarily the same ones that are in skunk spray. Skunks usually produce about two tablespoons of the stuff enough for six quick shots. If a skunk actually dumps all of it, the skunk needs...

Getting Down to Business

Opening a dog-grooming business, regardless of whether it's in your home or in a shop at one of the local strip malls, means that you must take care of some legal matters, such as choosing just how you want to operate your business. Choosing how to set up your business You must choose between three ways that you can operate as a professional groomer. You can do business as a sole proprietor, as an incorporated entity, or as a limited liability company. All three have advantages and...

Taking a Little off the Top Introducing the Clipped Breeds

Somewhere along the evolutionary ladder between wolves and dogs, humans discovered that certain types of coats lurked in canine canis lupus familiaris genetics. Although I'm sure a bald wolf, one in need of a haircut, or one whose coat became naturally tangled didn't last long in the wild, after humans started tinkering with these unusual canine breed characteristics, those kinds of dogs became popular. People not only liked the look and feel of the various coats, but in some circumstances,...

Dealing with Difficult Dogs

If you're lucky and you've worked with your dog for some time, you don't have to worry about working with an uncooperative dog. Nevertheless, at some point, you may find yourself trying to groom a difficult dog. Maybe your best friend has a dog who's never been properly groomed before and needs help. Maybe you found a mutt on the street who has matted and dirty fur. Maybe a rescue group is having a dog-wash day and you're there to help. Or maybe she's your own dog, and you're just having...

The English Saddle clip

Inch Grooming Scissors

The English Saddle clip see Figure 14-11 is an alternative to the Continental clip. The face, throat, feet, tail, and forelegs are shaved, and pompoms are shaped on the wrists and tail. The hindquarters have closer-shaved fur with bracelets like pompoms above the knee and below the hock of shaved fur. To groom your Poodle in an English Saddle clip, try the following 1. Shave your dog's face using a No. 10, No. 15, or No. 30 blade for very close cuts . Work away from the eyes down to the base of...

Forelegs and hind legs

You'd think that the forelegs and hind legs of a dog would be similar, but they're about as different as your own arms and legs. The parts of the forelegs and hind legs include the i Upper arm The upper arm on the foreleg is right below the shoulder and is comprised of the humerus bone, which is similar in name anyway to the one found in your own upper arm. It ends at the elbow. i Elbow The elbow is the first joint in the dog's leg that's located just below the chest on the back of the foreleg....

The Sporting clip

Instructions Poodle Kennel Clip

The Sporting clip see Figure 14-12 is used for dogs competing in the Stud or Brood Bitch classes and in the Parade of Champions. It's also a nice cut for pets, because it's easy to maintain. The face, feet, throat, and tail are shaved with a pompom on the tail and a smaller cap or top knot on the head. To groom your Poodle in a Sporting clip, try the following 1. Save your dog's face using a No. 10, No. 15, or No. 30 blade for very close cuts . Work away from the eyes down to the base of the...

Anatomy of the Dog The Hipbones Connected to the

Dog Hind Legs Anatomy

Through the years, the dog world has come up with names to describe the parts of the dog. Knowing what part of the dog you're working on is extremely important in grooming. After all, if you don't know what those pointy joints that jut out at the back of the rear legs are called, you won't know what I'm talking about when I or other groomers say hock. Okay, this isn't Anatomy 101, where I talk about fibulas and tibias. It's more about how you describe what you're seeing when you look at the...

Organizing Your Accoutrements

After you have your grooming area planned out and your equipment and supplies gathered, it's time to organize and put everything together. You want to organize and assemble your equipment according to the tasks you'll be performing. For example, you want to have all your bathing supplies in one area so that you have everything you need in one spot when bathing your dog. Organize your supplies as follows, using a separate plastic container for each supplies category Spray bottle of detangler...

The Continental clip

Poodle Show Cut Grooming

The Continental clip see Figure 14-10 is the standard cut that most Poodle people show with. The face, throat, feet, tail, legs, and hindquarters are shaved. Pompoms of fur are shaped on the wrists, ankles, and the tail, and two pompoms around the kidneys are optional. To groom your Poodle in a Continental clip, try the following 1. Shave your dog's face using a No. 10, No. 15, or No. 30 blade for very close cuts . Work away from the eyes down to the base of the throat. Stop at the point of the...

Toe Nail Tapping

Dog Toe Nail Quick

Many dogs' toenails have a habit of rapidly growing long. Unless your dog runs around on hard surfaces that help keep toenails short, you have to clip them. But clipping a canine's claws can be an agonizing chore, especially if your dog has had a bad experience with the nail clippers. Making toenail trimming a pleasant experience Despite your best intentions and skill level, your dog may never be comfortable having her nails trimmed. Even now, I have dogs who fuss as though I'm pulling their...

Getting rid of your dogs tear stains

As you may have already guessed, you can get rid of tear stains by either wiping them clean, covering them up, or clipping or plucking them off. You've probably also surmised that tear stains are the nemesis of show dogs and their owners. Here's how to get rid of tear stains 1 Wiping them off If you choose to wipe off the tear stains, use the 10-percent solution of hydrogen peroxide or another stain-removal product for dogs. Gently swab the solution over the tear stain, but don't get any of...

Sarcoptic mange scabies

A particularly nasty form of mange, sarcoptic mange is caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei canis, an itchy mite that can make your dog miserable. Sarcoptic mange is highly contagious and can transfer from dog to dog or even through contact with contaminated grooming equipment. These mites love the ears, face, elbows, hocks, and belly. What's more, this mange is contagious to humans, too. Scabies, another name for sarcoptic mange, causes hair loss and crusty, itchy skin. If you suspect scabies, take...

Classic Retriever cut

Retriever Cut Portuguese Water Dog

The classic Retriever cut see Figure 11-6 looks good on longer-bodied dogs like the Portuguese Water Dog and Poodles see Chapter 14 for more about other popular Poodle cuts . Here's how you clip a dog in the classic Retriever cut 1. Select a clipper blade that will work well with your dog. Use a No. 5 or No. 7 blade for the body and a No. 10 blade for close-in trimming around the genitals and anus. 2. Trim the coat evenly all over your dog's body. You need to leave about an inch of hair. You...

Coat Funk

Coat funk, which is believed to be a hereditary condition and is sometimes called alopecia affects a number of breeds, mostly those of Spitz origin, Poodles, and Cocker Spaniels. Affected dogs start out with healthy, beautiful coats, and then sometime during their lives, guard hairs or top coat become brittle and break off, leaving only the undercoat. Dogs with coat funk look awful. Without the protection provided by guard hairs, the undercoat becomes tangled, and the tail thins out. The coat...

Keep a Rubber Basin Handy for Quick Cleanups

If you don't already have a portable rubber sink or basin like the kind people use to use while doing dishes by hand , buy one It's perfect for doing messy jobs like spot cleanings and clippings, and it localizes the mess and reduces the need for cleanup. Having a rubber basin around is good when you have to clean off your dog's paws, for example. You can pour blue shampoo or water and some regular doggie shampoo in it and stick your dog's feet in, washing them one at a time if need be. For...

Sparing Yourself the Agony Ergonomics

Does your back hurt when you wash or brush your dog Are your hands aching when you comb Ergonomics is a fancy word that came into fashion in the 1980s when scientists in the workplace discovered that certain positions while sitting or standing and doing work are less prone to repetitive injury than others. Likewise, those same scientists discovered certain shapes for tools that fit better in your hands and cause less fatigue than others. If you suffer from carpal tunnel, thoracic outlet,...

Ten Timesaving Grooming Tips

Making grooming easy for you Getting around certain grooming problems m a rooming is time-consuming there's no doubt about it. Lucky for you, I've got some handy tricks you can use to speed up the time you spend on grooming your dog. The tips that I give you in this chapter are little tricks of the grooming trade that I've picked up through the years that I love being able to share with you. The tips focus on grooming your pet if you want tips for grooming your dog especially for the show...

Grooming and Dog Related Magazines

Whether you want to subscribe or just pick up a copy at your local newsstand, here are some great dog-related magazines that can help you keep up to date with all of the innovations in grooming 1 AKC Gazette www.akc.org pubs index.cfm This magazine is published by the AKC and covers all sorts of topics on purebred dogs. AKC Gazette 51 Madison Ave. New York, NY 10010 Phone 800-533-7323 1 Dog Fancy www.dogfancy.com This magazine's articles cater to the pet owner both purebred and mixed breed ....

Cottar

Collar rot is a term that I've heard used for dogs who have sores under their collars. The dog usually ends up wearing his collar all the time, and the collar rubs off the hair and may produce sores. If the collar is never removed or the hair under the collar is never brushed, that hair can become matted and harbor bacteria, which, in turn, can cause sores and infections. Collar rot is unusual for pets whose owners usually groom their dogs. But if the dog is a long- or double-coated breed, it...

Starting Out Small and Building Up

Rome wasn't built in a day, or so the saying goes. Most dogs and owners are resistant to grooming, because it takes so darn long. Instead of putting you and your dog through a marathon grooming session, try starting out small. Maybe your dog hates having his toenails trimmed. Try this Trim toenails on only one paw today and maybe brush your dog a bit, and then tomorrow, do the next paw and brush him a bit more. As your dog becomes more tolerant of grooming, you can try doing two paws or adding...

Never Use Human Shampoo on Dogs

This myth also is another of the partially true ones. Using human shampoos on dogs isn't a great idea, because they're not formulated for a dog's coat. However, in a pinch when you have nothing else, you can use human shampoo on a dog's coat. Just make sure that it isn't medicated and that you rinse it really well. Using a human shampoo all the time can dry out a dog's coat, but once in a while isn't going to hurt anything. If you're faced with a dirty dog and no doggie shampoo, go ahead and...

The Miami cut

Miami Clip Poodle

The Miami cut see Figure 14-8 , is almost identical to the Town and Country cut, except that it doesn't have the line that goes from withers to spine. The feet, face, neck, rib cage, and base of the tail are shaved the tail is shaped in a pompom. To groom your Poodle in a Miami cut, try the following 1. Shave your dog's face using a No. 10 or No. 15 blade. Work away from the eyes down to the base of the throat and shave the entire neck from the cap or top knot to shoulders. 2. Shave your dog's...

The Teddy Bear or Puppy cut

Puppy Cut Snap Combs

The Teddy Bear or Puppy cut is a pet cut that's intended for pet owners who don't have the time to maintain a really awesome clip for their dogs see Don't confuse the Puppy cut with the Poodle Puppy clip that I describe later in this chapter, which applies only to show Poodles. For the Teddy Bear cut, do the following 1. Equip your electric clippers with a No. 30 blade and a snap-on guide comb for the length of coat you desired. You can choose between a 1-inch, 1K-inch, or 2-inch guide comb,...

Otodectic mange ear mites

If your dog scratches or shakes his head incessantly and has dark brown, waxy, coffee-ground-like stuff in his ears, he probably has ear mites. Ear mites can easily spread from dogs to cats and other pets, so if you have one pet with ear mites, be sure to check them all. Although plenty of over-the-counter remedies are available for ear mites, most ear mite infections are accompanied by a secondary bacterial infection that needs to be treated by a veterinarian. Your vet can recommend an...

Bathing basics

No one part of bathing a corded breed is tougher than the other. They all present unique problems that the corded breed owner must overcome. Getting the dog completely wet, completely washed and conditioned, completely rinsed, and then completely dried are what make bathing a corded dog really tough. Never wash a corded dog outside or in a dirty room. You end up undoing all that you've done to wash your dog. Here are the steps to follow when washing your dog's corded coat 1. Wet down your dog...

The Lamb cut

Poodle Grooming Guide

The Lamb cut see Figure 14-3 is the pet version of the Poodle Puppy clip see the Poodle show clips section later on . The face, feet, throat, and base of the tail are shaved, and the rest of the tail is trimmed in a pompom. To groom your Poodle in a Lamb cut, try the following 1. Shave your dog's face using a No. 10 or No. 15 blade. Work away from the eyes and down toward the base of the throat. 2. Clip the abdomen using a No. 10 blade. 3. Shave your dog's feet and the base of the tail using a...

Check your dogs coat for any oily residues repeat Steps through lathering and rinsing your dog as necessary until the

While lathering and rinsing, be careful around your dog's eyes. You don't want to get any soap or chemicals in them. Why can't I use scissors Or lessons learned Throughout Dog Grooming For Dummies, I repeatedly warn you about not using scissors on your dog's fur coat, and you may be wondering why. Many well-meaning pet owners accidentally cut their dog's skin while trying to get a foreign substance out of the coat, and they then have to rush the pooch to the emergency room for sutures. Even...

Coat types Single versus double

Dogs basically have two types of coats i Most dogs have a double coat also referred to as a two-ply coat that has a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat is composed of stiffer guard hairs, which tend to be naturally water-repellant. Top coats protect the dog's skin and undercoat, acting as a natural guard against the elements. The undercoat is a fleecy or downy type of fur that's a bit shorter than the top coat. The undercoat serves as insulation to keep the dog warm during cold or...