Housetraining Guides For Your Puppy
While your puppy's mother and breeder are getting her started on good house-training habits, you'll need to do some shopping. If you have all the essentials in place before your dog arrives, it will be easier to help her learn the rules from day one. Crate To housetrain a puppy, you will need some way to confine her when you're unable to supervise. A dog crate is a secure way to confine your dog for short periods during the day and to use as a comfortable bed at night. Crates come in wire mesh and in plastic. The wire ones are fold-able to store flat in a smaller space. The plastic ones are more cozy, draft-free, and quiet, and are approved for airline travel. Enzymatic Cleaner All dogs make housetraining mistakes. Accept this and be ready for it by buying an enzymatic cleaner made especially for pet accidents. Dogs like to eliminate where they have done it before, and lingering smells lead them to those spots. Ordinary household cleaners may remove all the odors you can smell, but...
The keys to successful housetraining are Crate-training your puppy first. Sticking to that schedule, even on weekends at least until your dog is housetrained and mature. Using a crate to housetrain your puppy is the most humane and effective way to get the job done. It's also the easiest way because of the dog's natural desire to keep his den clean. The crate, combined with a strict schedule and vigilance on your part, ensures speedy success (see Using a Crate A Playpen for Your Puppy earlier in this chapter for tips on crate-training your puppy).
Crate training is one of the most important aspects ofhousetraining. Consequently, a full chapter filled with tips, information and mistakes to avoid is devoted to that subject in Puppy Housetraining The Ultimate Guide. This chapter also contains an easy to follow step-by-step method to effectively crate train your puppy or dog. Dogs are den animals. In other words, they like to have their own place and they'll do everything they can to keep it clean. That's why using a crate can drastically speed up the housetraining process. However, if you want your puppy or dog to accept his crate there's one thing you must never do force your puppy in his crate, close the door and leave. If you do that, you'll end up with a puppy that will want to get out of the crate at all cost and you'll loose the best tool available to housetrain your dog easily. A crate will help your puppy develop the sphincter controls I talked about in the first tip I sent you. It will also satisfy the profound denning...
Because I want to be thorough and I want all my clients to find answers to their housetraining questions, I've added this chapter for the very small proportion of you who would want to paper train their dog. As I've told you in the beginning, paper training your dog is NOT the first step to housetraining. In fact, paper training would be highly confusing to your puppy if you want him to eliminate outdoor all the time since you would be teaching him that eliminating in the house is acceptable. For those of you who live in a high-rise or are disabled, you just have to follow the seven-step technique and bring your puppy to his toilet stop. Again, you don't need to first paper train your dog in this situation. The paper on the floor in your puppy's domain is only a cleaning up tool , not the first step to indoor training. There is no doubt in my mind that paper training is a temporary solution. For example, your vet strictly forbids you to take your puppy outside until he's fully...
DON'T shout at your dog if you catch him in the act. Instead, interrupt him by saying a firm outside or toilet , pick him up (that's the only time you should pick up your dog to bring him to his elimination zone or toilet stop), put his leash on, go to the designated spot, let him finish what he had started at the wrong place and then praise him lavishly for going at the right place. If you scold him, you will only teach him to eliminate when you're not around and that's exactly the opposite of what we want to accomplish. He may also find himself a hidden spot somewhere in your house where he can go peacefully Again, that's not what we want. Calm and vigilance are your best allies when housetraining your dog. DON'T let your dog roam freely in the house until he is completely and reliably housetrained. That's one of the most common mistakes new owners make. Remember, a dog won't soil his leaving quarters, that's why you'll use both types of confinements. Later, once your puppy has...
Excerpted from Housetraining An Owner's Guide to a Happy Healthy Pet, 1st Edition, by September Morn By the time puppies are about 3 weeks old, they start to follow their mother around. When they are a few steps away from their clean sleeping area, the mama dog stops. The pups try to nurse but mom won't allow it. The pups mill around in frustration, then nature calls and they all urinate and defecate here, away from their bed. The mother dog returns to the nest, with her brood waddling behind her. Their first housetraining lesson has been a success. The next one to housetrain puppies should be their breeder. The breeder watches as the puppies eliminate, then deftly removes the soiled papers and replaces them with clean papers before the pups can traipse back through their messes. He has wisely arranged the puppies' space so their bed, food, and drinking water are as far away from the elimination area as possible. This way, when the pups follow their mama, they will move away from...
Housetraining involves teaching your puppy that the appropriate place for elimination is outside. To accomplish this You must have a place to confine the puppy. Typical housetraining methods take advantage of his natural instinct to keep his den (his crate or another small area) clean. You must be patient. Housetraining usually only takes a few weeks, but it can take months or even years if incorrectly or incompletely done. Older dogs who were never reliably housetrained usually take longer to train than puppies.
As I've told you previously, the housetraining method doesn't change with an adult dog. It's more a question of time than anything else an adult dog can hold it and stay in his crate longer. Therefore, you can eliminate the hourly trips outside and plan for three or four trips a day. The first thing you have to do when you get an adult dog is to have him check by a vet. Once you know that your dog is in perfect health, you can start housetraining him. Of course, your dog's previous owner may have perfectly housetrained him. If that's the case, all you'll have to do his show your dog his new elimination zone or toilet stop.
What do experts mean by Dogs are denning animals They mean that instinctively your dog won't want to soil the place where she sleeps and eats. That's why a crate is the most useful tool you can use to dramatically speed up the housetraining process. Please don't let your own perceptions of a crate deprive your dog to satisfy her most basic needs. A lot of people think that putting a puppy in a crate is cruel. It is NOT. On the contrary, yourpuppy's crate will become her own cozy place where she can go to rest. Most dogs continue to go in their crate even after the housetraining stage is over because it satisfies their profound denning instinct.
The first week and then continued until the schedule is second nature to the dog. Read on to find out the essentials you need in order to incorporate the housetraining routine Get the command words right for the drill. To begin with pick the words you want to use as the housebreaking commands. They should be different from obedience and other training commands. Think about it beforehand because if you have overlapping commands you will successfully confuse the puppy. You can use words like Do your job , or potty time or Time to go or whatever else that is convenient for you. The dog will quickly learn to associate those particular words with the act of elimination in the designated area. The above routine is just part of the regular potty timetable. The other part involves a pattern determined by the food and water intake of the dog. No matter how old your dog is, take the dog out Get the socialization right. Make sure that simultaneously to the process of housebreaking, you are...
To achieve success in housetraining, you have to be or get prepared. You have to set up a specific place for your dog to speed up his progress. You also have to choose a spot where you'll want your puppy or dog to eliminate. In Puppy Housetraining The Ultimate Guide, you'll find a set of guidelines that will help you get everything organized. You'll also find in the second chapter of Puppy Housetraining The Ultimate Guide some great money saving tips on the equipment you'll need and that you can replace with common household materials. Finally, I make some recommendations on which rooms in your house will be the most efficient and convenient for housetraining your puppy.
It is probably hard for you to get excited about developing a good relationship with your dog if he is defecating or urinating in your house. However, since housebreaking is the first training task most dog owners face with a new dog, it often sets the tone for their relationship. Will you start by creating distrust and fear by punishing him, or will you create trust and understanding by showing your dog in a kind way what it is you want and taking responsibility for helping him do it Will your dog be a welcome, trusted member of the family who understands the rules, or a pain in the neck who defies you, in spite of being hit with a rolled up newspaper, and ruins your carpet by turning it into his bathroom Housebreaking the positive way will rely on rewarding your dog for relieving himself where you want him to and on controlling his environment to help him form good habits. This method of housebreaking is designed to teach your dog to relieve himself only outdoors. If you live in a...
Start the housebreaking cycle by bringing your puppy out of the crate. Carry or walk your puppy immediately outside. Using a leash, walk your puppy over to the desired elimination area. Gently, but encouragingly, repeat your cue word. Once your puppy has eliminated, praise in a gentle tone Good potty, and return inside the house.
Throughout my 25+ years as an obedience instructor and behavioral consultant, I consistently receive more housebreaking calls about certain breeds than others. You'll notice a preponderance of smaller dogs on the list. Generally, toy breeds and terriers are the most difficult to housebreak. Hounds are often problematic, as well.
This means you let him outside, you take him outside, or he lets himself outside through a doggy door. Or it can mean you provide him with newspapers or a litter box. He must have SOMEWHERE to go -- on a regular, reliable basis. If the only place your dog has a chance to go is outside on a regular schedule, or on newspapers or in a litter box, that's the habit he will develop. If you let him loose in the house, then he can GO in the house, and that's the habit he will develop. So it's up to you
Although a puppy can last in his crate for the night when he's asleep, you can't leave a puppy in his crate for purposes of housetraining for longer than four hours at a time during the day. Your puppy will soil his crate, which definitely isn't a habit you want to establish. Some people try to rig up confinement areas by blocking off parts of a room or basement or whatever. Theoretically, this works, but it does permit Buddy to chew the baseboard, corners of cabinets, or anything else he can get his teeth on. Furthermore, leaving a dog on a concrete surface isn't a good idea. There's something about concrete that impedes housetraining many dogs don't understand why it can't be used as a toilet area. Concrete also wreaks havoc on the elbows of large breeds.
Should people with jobs own dogs Sure, but remember that housebreaking a young puppy without a midday elimination break is more difficult on the both the puppy and owner alike. The owner must allow (and provide space for) more frequent accidents and an overall longer process. In later stages of housebreaking (three months on), avoid absorbent bedding. If your puppy can eliminate and have the offending material absorbed, he can push it off to one side. Removal of bedding at this point will require your puppy to really try to remain clean in between scheduled potty breaks.
Now that you have the basic principles down (after reading the previous section), you can discover how housetraining will work in your busy day. Take a look at these guidelines, or post them on your refrigerator (and for more reading, check out Housetraining For Dummies, by Susan McCullough Wiley ). If you decide to paper-train your Dachshund or, like one senior owner I know, allow him to use the extra shower stall as his litterbox the same guidelines apply, except that you whisk him off to his inside elimination station. For the first couple of weeks, be extra vigilant. It could happen any time, even when an elimination session isn't scheduled. After your Dachshund is housetrained, keep the concept in the back of your mind. Everyone forgets about letting the dog out every now and then. And note that after an extra-big meal, your Dachshund may need more outside time than usual. Dachshunds are fastidious, clean animals, and they lack the typical hound-dog odor. They don't want to...
There are many ways in life to achieve the same desired results. Of them, there are hard ways and easy ways, right ways and wrong ways. The best course is to combine the easy way with the right way and get the best results. This requires a lot of supervision and positive reinforcement. Let's see how best to achieve what we want in order to housetrain our Chow Chow. 1. Hurry up or Potty the power of your command To hasten the dog's potty time, teach him to eliminate when you give the command for it. So, say hurry up or potty in an encouraging tone just when he gets the urge to go . He will soon learn that when you say the command, he will begin to sniff, circle and then get down to business. Once he's done, praise him lavishly. 2. Crate training To give your pet a safe confinement during housetraining, he needs to be crate trained. If you introduce the crate to him in a fun way, your pup will take to crate confinement quickly and without fuss. And there's more you can do too, such as...
Apart from food and nutrition, this is one of the biggest areas of training and development. It requires time, vigilance, patience and commitment. The more consistent you are in following the basic housetraining procedures, the faster your puppy will learn acceptable behavior. It may take several weeks to housetrain your puppy, and with some of the smaller breeds, it might take longer. The quickest and easiest way to house train your puppy is to rely on your puppy's natural instincts and behavior. Unless you can monitor your puppy 24 hours a day, don't expect the house training process to be completed until your puppy is at least 6 months old. Since puppies are growing and developing rapidly at this stage, they eat more food, burn up more energy and seem to need to eliminate constantly. They also have very little bladder control.
Housebreaking is one of the more common problems dog owners face. The basic principles of housebreaking are relatively simple, although applying those principles to your individual circumstances can sometimes be a little tricky. If your dog is going to the bathroom in the house more frequently and clearly doesn't understand where he should eliminate, you will need to put him on a proper housebreaking schedule. For most people, crating the dog is the most effective way to housetrain. The crate should be small enough that your dog can stand up and turn around, lie down and comfortably stretch out, but no larger than that. Crate training works because most dogs do not like to eliminate where they have to lie. This is sometimes misunderstood by owners, who think their dog won't eliminate where he sleeps and eats. A dog would happily eliminate in a large bedroom, even if he slept there. He will also eliminate in his crate, if the crate is large enough for him to still lie down in a clean...
Paper training (or wee-wee pad training) follows much the same logic as teaching a dog to eliminate outdoors. You'll need to pick one central location in a private corner near your main living space, although if you live in a large house and allow your dog to roam freely, you may need to place a few auxiliary pads in faraway rooms until she is fully trained to go in the one area.
You will find that dogs are naturally clean animals. They do not like to soil or dirty the area in which they sleep. So if your dog has to pee and potty inside, you can have another crate for this purpose. Line the bottom of this crate with leak proof material. On top of this you can place a few old newspapers. The newspapers will absorb the mess and can be easily disposed off.
Whether you are training your puppy to go outside or on papers, select a specific area for him to potty, and be consistent. Consider toilet training a child you don't place potties in the middle of the floor or send your child to the neighbor's house to use the bathroom.
The housetraining method is the same for a puppy or an adult. The only difference is that an adult dog can hold it a lot longer than a puppy. So, it may seem easier to train an adult dog, but it can also be tricky since your adult dog comes with a background and you don't always know how her previous owner trained her. The crate training part of the method may take a bit longer with an adult dog but don't worry I will give you a surefire way to get your adult dog used to her crate. You now have all the essential information behind housetraining. It is now time for you to make some important executive decisions .
Mistake new owners make is to think that paper training is the first step to housetraining. It is NOT. _11_ Housetraining, or outdoor training, is the process of teaching your puppy to eliminate outside ALL the time while indoor training involves teaching your dog to eliminate at a designated place, her toilet stop, inside your house or apartment.
Over the years, my clients have asked me some questions about housetraining that I didn't cover when I wrote the first edition of this Guide. So, I've decided to include them in this chapter since some of you may experience the same problems. What I suspect is that you let your dog too much freedom too soon. Small dogs take longer to be housetrained. When you start introducing the house to your dog, she should stay under your complete supervision at all time. If she has an accident, you can then react quickly and take her outside immediately. It's ok to let her in her crate when you leave. In fact, both my dogs go to their crate when I go out and they have been housetrained for years. The crate is a safe place for them and I don't have to worry about them. When will you know that she is housetrained When your dog will start asking you to go out. It would mean that she really understands where she is supposed to eliminate. For this, it is very important to observe your puppy's...
No, there is no need to hire someone to do the housetraining just get some inputs from the experts. Have a chat with the breeder. If you have zeroed in on a responsible breeder he or she will be willing to give you suggestions. The breeder would also tell you how he has been housetraining the puppy and at what intervals you would need to take the dog out. The breeder would also know of some of the quirks and body signals that are indicative of the fact that it's time to go. Alternatively, you can also speak to a vet, whom you trust enough to advise you. The vet would tell you what exactly to do with the whole picture in mind. That is, the vet is the perfect person to advise you on the diet of the dog, which impacts the elimination process. After all, what a dog eats, and how much he eats would determine the calls of nature. This would help the vet advise you on how to schedule the potty times.
It's not the name of a movie yet but it sure could be Housetraining really is about how you and your dog connect. Your relationship with your dog will set the pace of how quickly your dog will get trained. You need to have the right balance of love, firmness and structure. If you are loving to the point of coo chi cooing indulgence, then you can be sure that you aren't going to have much success with housetraining routines. Your dog as a puppy is very impressionable if you put him on your lap all the time, let him have more than a couple of accidents in the house and even then let him sleep in your bed you can rest assured that he is not going to outgrow that pattern. However, if you swing over to the other side and wield a whip you aren't going to create much of an impression either. The dog will be cowed down all right, but do remember that fear instills resentment. Your dog is most likely going to be defensive, disobedient and the way he will show it first is by defying the rules...
Believe it or not, snow can slow down your puppy's housetraining progress. How If you let your puppy walk in the snow where he just relieved himself, he'll bring snow with urine stuck in his paws back in the house. Keeping your puppy's hair short and clean is important, in particular during the housetraining process.
During housetraining, it is very important to stick to a feeding schedule. If you always feed your dog at the same time, you'll be able to figure out in no time when he'll need to eliminate. Consequently, every time you give your dog the chance to do the right thing (that is, bringing him to his elimination zone or toilet stop on time), you help him learn faster what you expect from him. Think about it from your puppy's perspective dogs learn by association and want to repeat behaviors that cause something positive to happen. During the housetraining process, praise and play are for your puppy the positive consequences of eliminating at the right spot.
As I have told you, a regular schedule is the key to housetraining your puppy. By keeping a log of your puppy's activities, you will make your life a lot easier because you'll know when he needs to go out. Just fill the table below and in no time you'll see a definite pattern in your puppy's behaviors. For the Eliminated at don't hesitate to specify (D) defecate or (U) urinate. _86_ _86_
When you're housetraining an adult dog, the maximum period of time you can crate your dog is four hours at a time. Later, when your dog is fully housetrained, you can decide to let her free in the house. Of course, expect to find dog hairs on the most comfortable chair or bed in your house
Feeding a good quality food to your dog has a HUGE impact on housetraining and here's why. A good quality food is also more easily digestible. So if you combine these two factors, you end up with a puppy that will eliminate less by-products . Furthermore, since the excrement will be smaller and firmer (because most of the food will be digested), it will be a lot easier for your puppy to hold it and learn to control his bowel movements. Needless to say that during housetraining, these are winning conditions
As for the content of this book, although grammatically-speaking I should use it to refer to your dog or puppy, I couldn't bring myself to use it. For me a dog is not just a thing. So I used he or she so you could relate more easily the information I'm providing you with your puppy. I've also opted for the direct style. This book is for you and since I really want to help you establish a great relationship with your dog and get through this housetraining phase as easily as I can, it made more sense to me to write this book as if I was talking to you in person. Technically speaking, housetraining is the process of teaching your dog to _5_ use the term housetraining as a general concept and use the expressions outdoor training and indoor training to make the difference between the two methods you can choose from.
On Monday, go back to the usual schedule letting him in his domain while you're at work. It would be cruel to confine your puppy in his crate if you're not there to take him outside. He wouldn't be able to hold it that long and you'll end up with a very difficult housetraining problem to solve.
If you decide to take a week off, don't make the mistake ofhaving the puppy with you all the time because you won't be there all the time when you go back to work and you'll make it harder for your puppy to adjust. Instead, follow the schedule for people at home starting on page 45. That way, you'll kill two birds with one stone 1) you'll speed up your puppy's housetraining process by bringing her outdoor or to her designated place indoor more often than you could if you were working and 2) you'll help your puppy learn that being alone is not the end of the world.
Based on the principle that everything that goes in has to come out, if you let your dog free-feed himself (in other word, letting your dog have access to his food all day long), guess what you'll be cleaning up all day long and you'll never be able to housetrain him. reinforcements to teach dogs what we expect from them. If you allow your _33_
A lot of dogs don't like to go potty in the rain. If that's the case with your puppy, you must train him to like it. Just take every opportunity to accompany your puppy outside when it's raining. If your puppy doesn't eliminate, put him back in his crate and try again 15 minutes later. Do this until he eliminates. Don't forget to praise him lavishly when he does. Another way to solve this problem is to go for a walk when it's raining. Since dogs like walks so much, your puppy will associate rain with an opportunity to be with you and he won't mind going outside afterward.
Chapter 4 Crate Crate Training Crate Training During the The Big DON'TS during Crate Chapter 6 Housetraining More Tips and Information on _3_ Housetraining the Adult The Big DON'TS During A Housetraining Day in your Puppy's Chapter 8 A Word About Paper Common Housetraining Problems with But He Was Perfectly Common Housetraining Problems with Adult The Solution for Most Housetraining Housetraining
There are absolutely no doubts in my mind that crate training your dog is the most canine service you can render to your dog. Besides speeding up dramatically the housetraining process, a crate provides your dog with a safe place to rest. It also makes traveling with your dog by car more secure. Furthermore, if you have to let your dog to the vet overnight, you will make the separation a lot easier for your dog and help her recovery since she will be used to sleeping in a crate. Finally, lots ofhotels won't accept dogs if they are not crate trained. We're almost there One last chapter to deal with and we'll really get into the heart ofhousetraining. But before we do so, you have to read the next chapter since food has a big impact on your puppy's ability to get housetrained.
Puppies forget easily the reason why they're outside if you let them sniff around instead ofkeeping them in the elimination zone where they're supposed to get down to business. Once he has eliminated, your dog will have plenty of time to explore and play. Housetraining your puppy that way helps him learn that the sooner he eliminates the sooner he can play. Believe me, you will greatly appreciate having trained your dog following this method when Mother Nature won't be in a good mood or when you'll be running late It's now time to start crate training your dog.
It is always better to get everything prepared before your puppy's arrival. But don't worry, if you already have your puppy I'll help you get set right away. During the housetraining process, we'll use two kinds of confinements short term and long term. To confine your dog for a short period of time, you'll use a crate. You'll find in chapter 4 Crate Training, all the information you need to choose the right crate for your dog and how to get him used to his crate. The kitchen is usually the best choice because it is a busy place. Dogs really need to feel that they are part of the family and being in the middle of all the action is highly motivating for them. In general, a kitchen ffoor is also easy to clean up which is a must during housetraining. To block part of the room, you can use baby gates. They are easy to install and to open when it's time to get your puppy outside. You can also use a play pen to confine your dog. Most pet stores have them. These tools are more expensive...
This is a crucial moment and very important from the point of view of the housetraining process as well as your pup's first view of his new home. More than anything else, this homecoming moment set's the pace for the next seven days of your dog's orientation in your world. Here are the main things you need to do If you are paper training your dog, make sure that you have a thick layer of newspapers or pee-pads in place and fenced off with a baby gate. Choose the laundry room or part of the kitchen to which the dog can have quick access. Remember that the spot should be enough for the size of the dog not so big that he can roam around and sometimes cross beyond. You could begin with a large area and then This is also the time you introduce him to the words you have chosen to use as the potty command. Suppose you have chosen to use the word 'Potty Time', now hold on to your dog, and tell him that it's potty time and take him to the elimination spot. Once you get to the elimination spot,...
There are certain prerequisites that you need to keep in mind before you get yourself a pet. The breed you choose and where you get it from also plays a role in how fast you can housetrain your dog. You have to make sure that you are you going to be around for the dog because you need to invest in terms of time to housetrain a dog or a puppy. Housetraining also depends on where you live in an apartment or a house. There are some things you need to keep in mind to make housebreaking your dog an easier and more comfortable tasks. For example There are some breeds that are very quick to housetrain for example like German Shepherds because they are so eager to please their masters. There are some breeds like the Basset Hounds that are quite a challenge to train. If you have decided and found the breed that you want, then make it a point to research all about its requirements. Do as - Have you found a responsible breeder This might seem terribly unconnected with housetraining but hey It is...
First of all, you can't expect your puppy to be fully housetrained and fully reliable before she's six month of age. That being said, a dog can be housetrained between one to six weeks. A lot depends on your puppy's size and breed and mostly the efforts you put into housetraining her. There is also the fact that your puppy won't have adequate bladder and bowel controls before she's 16 weeks old. In other words, she's not able to hold it for long periods so you must be extra vigilant during that period. But that doesn't mean that you can't start housetraining her the minute she put her paws into your home. It just means that you have to expect your puppy to have a couple of accidents. But don't worry, this Guide contains everything you'll need to handle these little mishaps, from how to react to how to clean up.
Most dogs can be successfully housebroken in 7days. You must understand that some dogs may take longer to train. However, 7 days is all it will take to get even the most stubborn dog into the housetraining routine. You cannot possibly live happily with a dog unless you have it housetrained. It's the first issue you need to address once you bring your dog home. Actually you need to address this issue of housetraining even before you bring your dog home Some people feel it's a pretty daunting task to housebreak a puppy or a dog. It is, but it shouldn't scare you off. People begin by being scared and end up with a badly trained pet. Often pets are abandoned because they seem to be immune to training. The major thing you need to learn is that a housetrained dog is one who can control his natural urges and get you to help him or her. If your idea of a housetrained dog is one who opens the latch and helps himself out or someone who uses the potty and flushes it, then it will be a very...
Determined that your dog usually defecates 20 minutes after eating. I'm sure you would agree with me that accompanying him to his EZ or TS five minutes after his meal would be probably useless. All that would do is make you lose your precious time. Anyway, keeping a log will just make your life a lot easier since it will speed up your puppy's housetraining progress. Remember, every time your dog is right is a step closer to a perfectly housetrained dog.
2 House breaking - Your 8-week-old infant pup can be introduced to his toilet area. This will be the beginning of his house training. You can make a commitment to take him out to his toilet every 2 hours for him to get used to relieving himself there. 3 Crate training - He should follow your instruction to go to his crate and stay there quietly.
Getting your home ready, First day at home, His own space, My name is Roff, Eliminate all danger zones, What objects can be dangerous for my dog at home Prevention is better, What accessories should I buy my dog Visit your vet, Make a timetable, Health problems, Do's & Don'ts, Children & pets, Resident pets, Diet, Puppies and growing up, Different breeds, Transition to adult food, A quick overview, A healthy diet for dogs, How to choose brands , Water, House training, Establish a house routine, Supervision is a must, Confinement, Catching him in the act, Paper training, While you're away, Soiling your house-other reasons, Catch him young, Do not Return from your walk until your puppy eliminates
The long line is a good tool to use when a puppy outgrows the stage where he naturally sticks close to his owner. You will know when it is time. It usually happens between the ages of 12 and 16 weeks. Your puppy looks up when you call, and turns and heads in the opposite direction. If you have done a lot of early puppy training, this stage may be delayed until a later age. When this happens, do not yell, scream, and chase after your puppy. Calmly walk toward him and keep walking after him until you can call him to you and take hold of his collar. If he is heading in a dangerous direction, loudly call his name and run in the opposite direction, encouraging him to chase you. Then do not let him off the long line for the next two to four weeks. Not every dog needs to be trained on a long line. With the right dog in the right environment and the proper early puppy training, you may be able to skip it.
Housetraining Housetraining difficulties top the human frustration chart. Dogs get confused for many reasons, and human responses add to their bafflement. Yelling at a dog or a puppy or rubbing his nose in the mess often makes matters worse. There are better ways to communicate your message.
The same rules of housetraining apply when you're traveling with your dog. In the car, crate Buddy for his and your safety. If he's still a puppy, be prepared to stop about every two hours. An older dog can last much longer. VP When we travel with one or more of our dogs, we make a point to keep to their feeding schedule and exercising routine as closely as possible. Sticking to cus-If Kl tomary daily rhythm prevents digestive upsets that can lead to accidents. For a great deal more information on this subject, see Susan McCullough's Housetraining For Dummies (Wiley).
As your dog approaches the geriatric stage of life, it is important to keep his mind functioning and sharp. We know this to be true of our elderly humans, and it works exactly the same way with our canine friends. Its kind of a use it or lose it situation. As long as we require our dog to think, he is less likely to become senile, mentally soft, or lost. Symptoms of senility are loss of housetraining, changes in sleep wake cycles, loss of play, and lack of social interaction.
Set a time to feed the puppy that's convenient for you. Always feed at the same time. Until he's 4 months of age, he needs four meals a day from 4 to 7 months, three daily meals are appropriate. From then on, feed twice a day, which is healthier than feeding only once and helps with housetraining. tBEft Feed the right amount loose stools are a sign of overfeeding straining or dry stools a sign of underfeeding. After ten minutes, pick up the dish and put it away. Don't have food available at other times. Keep the diet constant. Abrupt changes of food may cause digestive upsets that won't help your housetraining efforts. (For tips on how often and how much to feed, look in Chapter 18.) For the sake of convenience, you may be tempted to put your puppy's meal in a large bowl and leave it for him to nibble as he sees fit, called self-feeding. Although convenient, for purposes of housetraining, don't do it because you won't be able to keep track of when and how much he eats. You won't be...
How long can you ultimately leave your adult dog in a crate unattended That depends on your dog and your schedule, but ideally it should not be more than three to four hours during the day. Although many dogs seem content to stay in a crate for most of the day while their owners are at work, shorter periods are preferable. Some dog owners who need to crate their pets for long periods are fortunate enough to have a neighbor come in during the day to let the dog out for awhile and give him a chance to stretch his legs and relieve himself (see chapter 5 for specifics on housetraining).
Being impatient and getting irritated at your new pet doesn't help teach him how to behave. It only teaches your Dachshund how to fear you. If you feel yourself getting irritable, stop a training or grooming session immediately, or give your Dachshund a break in his den. If you think you can't stand to clean up one more accident, rethink your housetraining techniques. If you can't stand to clean up the chewed garbage one more time, move the garbage to a place where your puppy can't reach it. A lot of this is common sense if you step back and look at what's really going on.
This is the most common and most effective method of housebreaking. Whenever you're not interacting directly with your dog, he is safe in his crate. On a regular basis throughout the day, you take him outside to a specific potty area to go to the bathroom. 6. Choose a potty area. It should be the same spot every time, though you may have to experiment to find out where your dog goes best. 7. Take your dog directly to his potty area, on leash. In a cheerful voice, tell him, Hurry up or Be quick or even Go potty. Speak pleasantly -- don't be stern or commanding. You want your dog relaxed
This method of confinement and bathroom access should only be considered If Your Dog Doesnt Bark When He Goes Outside
As with the other methods of housebreaking, your dog stays confined in his small gated room whenever you're not interacting with him. 2. You will need to teach him how to use the doggy door. For the first few days, remove the heavy flap or tie it up so your dog has free access through the hole into his potty yard. If he is reluctant to go through, have someone stand inside the room with him while you go outside in the potty yard and crouch down before the open hole. Wave a treat through the hole and call him. Between the two of you, and the treats, you should soon have him running in and out through the open door Do you see why the potty yard should be SEPARATE from the main yard, and SMALL If your dog can run around a big main yard, he will want to play and explore rather than focus on doing his business.
Taking a walk is not always heeling There are four different types of walk a HEEL walk, a free walk for sniffing, a potty walk, and a party-time walk. Each one is done on a leash and still requires leash manners of no pulling. Each one, though, also fulfills a different need for your dog and will help him understand when he must maintain a complete HEEL. 3. Potty walk. It's hard for your dog to eliminate at HEEL. From time to time during your walk, stop and have your dog finish the HEEL with SIT. Give him a BREAK to allow time to relieve himself. While on BREAK, your dog may sniff and walk freely but still have manners. Correct your dog with NO for pulling against the leash.
After the first potty break, the initial tour, snack, and introductions, your new Dachshund is probably exhausted. Time for a nap. This is your first opportunity to get your Dachshund used to his den. Put the den where you plan to keep it and let your puppy sniff around. Throw a few pieces of kibble inside and let him go in after them. Don't slam the door behind him let him come in and out for a few minutes. If it's been awhile, take him outside to his special bathroom spot for another chance to eliminate. When you return, be sure the den is lined with a soft blanket, cushion, or mat and insert your Dachshund. Gently close the door. When he wakes up, let him out immediately so he doesn't associate the den with too much unpleasantness at first. Take him directly outside to his special spot for a potty break and then come back in again for more fun and exploration.
Male hormones make dogs desire every female in season whose scent wafts by on the wind, and some of them break doors, windows, and fences to find the female. Male hormones also make dogs more aggressive toward other dogs, and sometimes contribute to housebreaking problems, as with scent marking (when the male lifts his leg and urinates on objects inside the home to stake out his territory). Sexual frustration (caused by male hormones) is what makes a dog embarrass his owner by mating with the boss's leg during a dinner party. While neutering won't immediately cure a frustrated, dog-aggressive, escape artist with a housebreaking problem, it eliminates the production of male hormone and almost always starts him on the road to improvement.
Group training involves you taking your dog to a place where there are four to 20 other like-minded people and their dogs. At this location, a trainer will teach everyone how to train their pets. In most basic classes, commands are taught entirely while the dog is on a leash. Basic commands are usually sit, stay, come, down, heel and loose leash walking. Aside from obedience, simple problem-solving instructions to help owners address jumping, chewing, digging and housebreaking are usually included.
If these lines sound familiar, maybe you have some of the behavior problems covered in this chapter jumping up, destructive chewing, excessive barking, and shyness. Combined with housebreaking, not coming when called, pulling on leash, and biting, which are covered elsewhere in this book, these are the most common reasons people call me for help with their dogs. They are also the reasons many dogs are destroyed daily in animal shelters.
Chewing the couch, jumping all over people, having accidents in the house all fall into this category. But the simple fact is, no trainer coming to your home is going to be able to housebreak your dog for you not unless they move in This means you, the owner, will have to learn the necessary techniques so that you can housebreak the dog, address his chewing and jumping and deal with any other canine problems. The trainer came to their house, heard their request and signed them up for a training program. In this program, the trainer was to work with the dog three times a week for several months, teaching obedience. According to the owners, when they asked about housebreak-ing, the trainer said that solutions will be given. Included in the contract was a written guarantee stating if your dog regresses from any of the commands I teach during the training program, I will retrain the dog at no additional cost. The problem was that the guarantee was irrelevant....
There are also what is commonly referred to as backyard breeders. These are people with no real knowledge of the breed. They just think their dog is nice and that it would be fun to have puppies. Besides, they might be able to make some money. After all, they paid enough for their dog. These casual breeders' choice of stud is based on convenience rather than quality they use any dog of the same breed who happens to live close by. They have probably heard of hip dysplasia but don't really know what it is. Their dog seems fine, so they are not worried about the disease. They don't know that their dog is too young to show any signs of the hereditary disease unless she was X-rayed. Their knowledge of how to housebreak and train a puppy is limited, so they won't be able to give you any advice. This kind of breeder doesn't really care anyway. That's the buyer's problem. As long as you have the money, the puppy is yours.
A litterbox is more natural for a female than for a male. The reason is obvious -- males who lift their leg can spray urine everywhere With a male, it's especially important that your litter box have three high sides, and that your dog be a small one. Some people put a vertical pole covered with plastic into the litterbox or elsewhere in the pen.
When isolated for hours at a time, day after day, many dogs develop bad behaviors (barking, digging, destructive chewing) out of loneliness and boredom. If you live alone and work long hours every day, don't get a dog, unless you have a neighbor who will help you. If he or she will take your dog out a couple of times each day for a potty break, a walk, and a play session, then dog ownership might work. If a neighbor is not available, you might want to check into hiring a professional dog walker or taking the dog to doggy daycare. But look into these services before you get a dog, as they can be expensive. Otherwise, you might be better off with a pet who doesn't require your companionship. Your new dog also will need some training, and that, too, takes time. Your new dog will need to learn all about housetraining and household rules, as well as proper social behavior. You also will need to schedule time to exercise and play with your dog and to groom her. As your dog grows up,...
This breed enjoys training that is fun and positive. A very social breed naturally, socialization is needed to prevent possible shyness to strangers later. Many Mi-Ki serve as therapy dogs. As with so many very small dogs, housetraining can take some time. housetrain Grooming Moderate
I have talked about the power of food already. It is nowhere more useful than in puppy training. In this case, however, feeding methods have to be subtly amended to take account of the unique circumstances at work in puppies. The central message of feeding remains, as ever, leadership. An eight-week-old puppy is generally on four feeds a day. In bringing its food to it this frequently, owners are also delivering a powerful and consistent message. They are the providers, the authority within this pack lies with them. Given this, I see little need to carry out the normal gesture-eating technique as well. Why use a sledgehammer to crack a nut
Socialization should begin early in puppyhood and continue on into adulthood. Training, preferably in a group class, is helpful for socialization as well as behavior. Training should be structured yet fun. Breed expert Pam Peterson says, The Kai Ken is intelligent, loyal to owners yet aloof with strangers, and very easy to housetrain.
Learning is a basic adaptive mechanism exhibited by the vast majority of animals. It plays a profound role in a dog's success or failure in adjusting to its social and physical surroundings. As noted above, learning takes place within a biobehavioral context formed of many unlearned, innate mechanisms that supply a dog from birth (and before) with a varied repertoire of reflexive and instinctive adjustments to the environment. All animals come into the world preadapted to sense and attend to a limited set of stimuli predisposed to feel and respond to a select group of unconditioned stimuli with emotionally significant arousal programmed to act within a fixed range of ways (albeit variably within that range) and prepared to learn certain things and select associations, but not all things are learned or associated with an equal ease (Seligman, 1970). For example, although puppies can easily master the house-training routine, another animal like the chimpanzee, although considered by...
You can also prevent long hair from dragging along the ground when your pooch goes outside for a potty or play break. Simply wrap a towel or cloth loosely around your dog's waist and clip the ends of the towel together with a potato chip bag clip (found where kitchen supplies are sold). Use the small bag clips and be careful not to catch any of the dog's hair or skin in them.
Housebreaking and confining your puppy or dog while you are away at work eight or more hours each day present special problems that demand special solutions. A puppy cannot go eight hours without relieving himself until he If you confine your dog in the kitchen, I would suggest blocking off part of the room. Most kitchens are too big for effective housebreaking. With a little ingenuity, you can build a barrier, perhaps with a hinged gate to allow easy access. You can still use a crate to housebreak your dog, but arrangements need to be made to let your dog out halfway through the day. If you cannot arrange to come home from work over your lunch hour during the few weeks or months it may take to housebreak your dog, perhaps you can persuade a neighbor, relative, or friend to drop by and let your dog out. Offer an exchange for their help. Perhaps you could take care of their pet when they are away on a weekend. You could also hire someone to come in and let your dog out to relieve...
Crates can be made of plastic, which are often the kind used for shipping dogs by air, or of metal wire. Either kind is good for housebreaking. Each has its advantages and disadvantages. The plastic crates are solid and prevent air circulation, which keeps a dog warmer, but may be too warm in hot temperatures. The metal wire crates are often collapsible, which is convenient for taking them with you if you travel with your dog. They provide good air circulation, and can be covered to keep out drafts, if necessary. Some dogs seem to like being able to see out of the metal crates, while others like being hidden in the plastic crates. Crates can be purchased at pet supply stores and through dog supply catalogs. For a crate to work best for housebreaking, it needs to be the appropriate size. If it is too big, your dog will be able to eliminate in one end and sleep in the other. The crate should be big enough for him to lie down comfortably, stand up, and turn around, but no larger. It is...
You can figure out your puppy's timetable by taking him out every two hours during the first few weeks and watching him carefully. When you have it down, you've conquered a major housetraining hurdle. Take your puppy out on a regular schedule (see the next section), and always reward a successful bathroom effort with praise and the occasional treat soon enough, your incorrigible little Dachshund will be fully housetrained and sooner than you expected.
Responsible breeders provide their puppies with daily environmental enrichment and preliminary training, including ample social experiences and constructive activities (e.g., house training), that prepare them for an easy transition into their future homes (Monks of New Skete, 1991). Experienced breeders can detect, through a keen eye and various temperament tests, the general emotional disposition of their puppies and thereby place individual puppies in homes consistent with their respective needs. Puppy temperament tests should not be employed to predict adult aptitudes or the potential exhibition of adult behavior patterns but should be used as tools to isolate and quantify a puppy's various strengths and weaknesses at the time of testing. Many behavioral indexes associated with temperament evaluation are flexible and subject to change during a puppy's development (Scott and Fuller, 1965), making temperament tests indicative rather than predictive. Puppy tests are excellent tools...
The breed is friendly and affectionate but needs early socialization without it, some dogs can be shy. Training is needed, too, as housetraining can be a challenge. Training is also important for the owner, as this breed is easy to spoil yet needs the same guidance and rules that other breeds require. housetrain Grooming Moderate
This is an extremely comprehensive site. Dr. Mark Plonsky (Dr. P) is a psychology professor and has compiled a tremendous amount of behavioral information. To find articles and advice about behavior, go to the site and click on the library or your topic of choice puppies, housebreaking or some other specific issue. There are also articles on obedience, protection, military training, a variety of dog sports, e-lists enabling you to connect with other people and much more. You can spend hours and hours on this site.
I want to give you some idea of what you can realistically expect when housebreaking your dog. How fast this program can work depends on many factors. An excitable puppy will take longer than a laid-back one. Housebreaking in a busy household in which chaos rules is harder than in a quiet one on a regular schedule. And an older dog with a well-established habit of relieving himself inside will take longer than a puppy or an older dog who has been previously kept outside. If you feel your dog is not progressing fast enough in his housebreaking, seek the help of a professional dog trainer who counsels clients about this problem. The longer your dog continues to relieve himself in the house, the harder it will be to housebreak him. Don't wait too long
To know how to work on chewing problems, you first need to figure out whether the chewing is caused by boredom or separation anxiety. A dog with separation anxiety will show signs of nervousness before you leave. He may follow you around, whining, panting, drooling, or trembling. He might howl and whine when you are gone. The destruction usually occurs around doors or windows. A dog might urinate or defecate in the house out of stress, although this may simply be a housebreaking problem. A dog with separation anxiety is truly panicked when you leave.
The age at which a puppy is separated from its mother and littermates has a profound influence on his behavior as an adult. Taking a pup away from the mother too soon may have a negative effect on his ability to handle training. For example, housetraining may be more difficult under these circumstances. A pup's ability to learn is important to becoming a well-trained dog. It will also affect his dealings with people and other
One of the most common mistakes people make when housebreaking their dogs is giving them too much freedom too soon. If your 7- to 12-week-old puppy is having more than one accident every three days, you are giving him too much freedom. The same holds true for a three- to five-month-old puppy who is having more than one accident a week, and for a dog over five months old who is having any accidents. clean. While your puppy is young, or while you are in the process of house-breaking an adult dog, it is wise to give him brief, supervised access to whatever rooms in the house the dog will be allowed in when he is housebroken.
My Lab seems to be a slow learner He is taking a very long time to get house trained What should I do
House training is a very slow process. It will really test your patience. But there is just no other way. Keep a close eye on your puppy. As soon as he shows any signs of wanting to relieve himself, like putting his nose close to the ground and sniffing busily around, pick him up and rush outside. Establish a regular feeding schedule too. And take him out after every single meal. Take him out every hour too even if he has not been fed. The entire process will try your patience but the results will definitely be worth the effort.
The other problem is that the dog will become frightened of everything associated with the pain. I've seen dogs who are afraid to go outside because that is where they were first shocked. Think about what kind of housebreaking problems this can cause Timing is critical in using punishment, a skill that can take years of dog training experience to develop. For this collar to be effective, your dog must have completely learned a behavior and have had tens of thousands of repetitions. People who buy these collars as shortcuts to training will likely waste their money and cause mental damage to their dogs.
We have a small mud room off our kitchen. In the mud room is a doggy door leading outside to a small fenced potty yard. When we have to leave the house for more than four hours, we put our dogs in the mud room. We put a gate between the mud room and the kitchen, so they're confined to the mud room, with access to the potty yard via the doggy door.
If you don't decide from day one to be in charge of your Dachshund's behavior, he'll take you for a ride. You'll be a slave to his whims, his bad habits, and his begging, barking, chewing, housebreaking mishaps, and other behaviors that you never dreamed you'd have to endure. Remember back in those days when you used to say, When I have a dog, he'll never do that
Puppy kindergarten describes classes for young puppies or dogs that have never had any obedience training. These classes focus on socialization, and you may also learn how to teach your puppy some basic skills. You may even get help with housetraining and other new-puppy problems you may be experiencing.
No matter how conscientious and vigilant you are, your puppy will have an accident. Housetraining accidents may be simple mistakes, or they can be indicative of a physical problem. The key to remember is that, as a general rule, dogs want to be clean. When Buddy has had an accident in the house, don't call him to you to punish him. It's too late. If you do punish your dog under these circumstances, it won't help your housetraining efforts, and you'll make him wary of wanting to come to you. Dogs are smart, but they don't think in terms of cause and effect. When you come home from work and yell at your dog for having an accident in the living room, you aren't encouraging your dog to use his toilet area. All you're doing is letting him know that sometimes you're really nice and sometimes you're really mean. Swatting your dog with a rolled-up newspaper is cruel and only makes him afraid of you and rolled-up newspapers. Rubbing his nose in it is unsanitary and disgusting. Dogs may become...
The most important thing you can do to make house training happen as quickly as possible is to reward and praise your puppy every time he goes in the right place. The more times he is rewarded, the quicker he will learn. Therefore it's important that you spend as much time as possible with your pup and give him regular and frequent access to his toilet area. The right training begins now. Establishing good habits early on in housetraining your puppy is critical. If you allow your puppy to eliminate anywhere he wants in your home, you will end up with an adult dog that will always have a tendency to want to eliminate in your home. You will have to live with it forever, or go through some time-consuming, tedious retraining later on. A dog is either housetrained or not. There is no such thing as weekly accidents. A truly housetrained dog will never eliminate in your house unless forced to do so or because of illness or excessively long confinement. Don't expect your puppy to be reliably...
When you are satisfied that no more pups are due, let the bitch rest. She's just been through a strenuous experience. She may want to go outdoors to relieve herself or she may not want to leave the pups. But let her make the move. If she does go outside, don't leave her out too long. Later on, she'll get back on her regular house-training schedule.
On the first night of my puppy training classes, I tell all the owners to take the leashes off their puppies and let them play. At first no one wants to do it. They are afraid there will be fights or a puppy will be hurt. After a lot of persuasion and often I unsnap the leashes myself the puppies are turned loose and start to play. And the owners start to smile. It is fun to watch the puppies run and wrestle and tumble around the room, having the time of their lives. Some of the puppies may be a little shy at first, but they join in eventually.
Does the trainer offer more advanced programs Do they just teach basic classes What if you want to go on to the next level How about puppy training Does the trainer offer special classes for that Even if you're only interested in basic obedience, trainers who are capable of teaching several levels of obedience are often more well-rounded instructors with a greater depth of knowledge.
If you see your pup about to eliminate somewhere other than the designated area, interrupt her immediately. Say wait, wait, wait or clap your hands loudly to startle her into stopping. Carry the pup, if she's still small enough, or take her collar and lead her to the correct area. Once your dog is in the potty area, give her the command to eliminate. Use a friendly voice for the command, then wait patiently for her to produce. The pup may be tense because you've just startled her and may have to relax a bit before she's able to eliminate. When she does her job, include the command word in the praise you give ( good potty ). The old-fashioned way of housetraining involved punishing a dog's mistakes even before she knew what she was supposed to do. Puppies were punished for breaking rules they didn't understand about functions they couldn't control. This was not fair. While your dog is new to housetraining, there is no need or excuse for punishing her mistakes. Your job is to take the...
At the end of the chapter, you'll find a typical housetraining schedule for puppies aged 10 weeks to 6 months. (To find schedules for younger and older pups, and for adult dogs, visit this book's companion web site.) It's fine to adjust the rising times when using this schedule, but you should not adjust the intervals between feedings and potty outings unless your pup's behavior justifies a change. Your puppy can only meet your expectations in housetraining if you help her learn the rules. The schedule for puppies is devised with the assumption that someone will be home most of the time with the pup. That would be the best scenario, of course, but is not always possible. You may be able to ease the problems of a latchkey pup by having a neighbor or friend look in on the pup at noon and take her to eliminate. A better solution might be hiring a pet sitter to drop by midday. A professional pet sitter will be knowledgeable about companion animals and can give your pup high-quality care...
Make sure the spot is not too far away from the door. Always take your puppy, on a leash, directly to the bathroom spot. Take him for a walk or play with him only after he has eliminated. After you clean up an accident in the house, take the soiled rags or paper towels and leave them in the bathroom spot. The smell will help your puppy recognize the area. He will know it as the place he is supposed to eliminate in. While your puppy is eliminating, use a word or phrase, like go or potty before he eliminates to remind him of what he's supposed to be doing. Your puppy's regular feeding schedule, three or four times a day will help him stick to a routine as far as eliminating goes. Feeding your puppy at the same times each day will make it more likely that he'll eliminate at consistent times as well. This makes housetraining easier for both of you.
Having someone to step in and play with or walk your dog when you can't is invaluable, especially if you are housetraining your dog puppy. If you are working during the day, you may rely on this person a lot. Find several names if you can and interview each. These are people who will be in your house and who will be handling your dog when you are not there to watch. Here's a check list
If you're unable to watch your puppy at all times, confine him to an area small enough so he won't want to eliminate there. It should be just big enough for him to comfortably stand, lie down and turn around in. This area could be a portion of a bathroom or laundry room, blocked off with boxes or baby gates. Or you may want to crate train your puppy and use the crate to confine him. If your puppy has spent several hours in confinement, when you let him out, take him directly to his bathroom spot and praise him when he eliminates. You should expect your puppy to have an accident in the house. It's a part of housetraining a puppy.
If your dog is still a puppy, we explain what a puppy goes through to help you understand what he needs both physically and emotionally. You'll appreciate the chapter on housetraining, of critical importance to every dog owner. We also help you select the best leashes and collars for training and explain why bribery in the form of treats really works. Finally, we walk you through basic training maneuvers such as sitting, staying, and coming when called the things that every well-behaved dog needs to know.
Many trainers and behaviorists feel that as much as 20 percent of all behavior problems may have some root in physical or health-related problems. Thyroid or hormone imbalances can cause behavior problems, as can many medications. Seizure disorders may have a relationship with unpredictable aggression. A bladder or urinary tract infection can cause housetraining difficulties. An ear infection can cause enough pain that the dog will snap when her head is touched. Many, many physical and health problems can cause behavior problems or changes in normal behavior.
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How To Housetrain Any Dog
Fundamentals of Dog and Puppy Training. Although dogs shouldn't be attributed with having human characteristics, they are intelligent enough to be able to understand the concept of, and execute, certain actions that their owners require of them - if these actions are asked in a way that dogs find rewarding.