The Parson Russell Terrier

The JRTCA breed standard has not changed since the club was formed. But the little terriers being shown in AKC breed rings began to change much as the Fox Terriers of old began to diverge from the working terriers in Britain. The JRTCA eventually sold the name Parson Russell Terrier to the JRTAA. The idea was to help make clear the difference between the two breeds. In 2003 the AKC officially changed the breed name of the dogs it registers to the Parson Russell Terrier and the club changed its...

The Jack Russell Terrier Standard

Earthwork And Terrier Work

As stated by the Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTCA), the largest breed club devoted to this breed, Jack Russell Terriers are a type, or strain, of working terrier. They are not considered purebred in the sense that they have a broad genetic make-up, a broad standard, and do not breed true to type. This is a result of having been bred strictly for hunting since their beginning in the early 1800's, and their preservation as a working terrier since. The broad standard, varied genetic...

JRTs in America

The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTCA) was founded in 1976. Thirty years later, thousands of members are united in admiration of and dedication to the protection of the Jack Russell Terrier. The history of the Fox Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier seems to have repeated itself when the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America (JRTAA) Although Trump's bloodlines have not survived, the ideal of the hardy, old-fashioned, willing-to-work terrier that she embodied lives on in the...

Two Jack Russells

The Jack Russell's willful ways require patient and loving guidance. Some owners get the idea that if they get two, the dogs will entertain each other. Two JRTs can become very close and enjoy each other's company, but a Jack Russell may not get along with another breed or another JRT of the same sex. They have steadfast friendships with some dogs and strong dislikes to other dogs. They are somewhat snobbish and take to their own better than to other breeds. In a large gathering of Jack...

Preventive Care

Most health problems are preventable. Vaccinations, a yearly health examination by your dog's veterinarian, good nutrition, adequate daily exercise, and loving companionship are the most important things you can provide for your dog to keep her healthy, both mentally and physically. As soon as possible after you bring home your puppy or adult dog, you should take her to your veterinarian for a physical examination, any vaccinations that are due, a parasite check, and, if necessary, worming. In...

Confine Your

A pup or dog who has not finished housetraining should never be allowed the run of the house unattended. A new dog (especially a puppy) with unlimited access to your house will make her own choices about where to eliminate. Vigilance during your new dog's first few weeks in your home will pay big dividends. Every potty mistake delays housetraining progress every success speeds it along. Prevent problems by setting up a controlled environment for your new pet. A good place for a puppy corral is...

Jack Russell

This book is printed on acid-free paper. Copyright 2006 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. All rights reserved. Howell Book House Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the...

Your Housetraining Shopping List

While your puppy's mother and breeder are getting her started on good housetrain-ing habits, you'll need to do some shopping. If you have all the essentials in place before your dog arrives, it will be easier to help her learn the rules from day one. Newspaper The younger your puppy and larger her breed, the more newspapers you'll need. Newspaper is absorbent, abundant, cheap, and convenient. Puddle Pads If you prefer not to stockpile newspaper, a commercial alternative is puddle pads. These...

Dealing with Parasites

Jack Russells are working dogs, and that means they will be running through fields and brush and other places where they can pick up very nasty parasites. As I mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, regular grooming sessions are a good way to check your dog for fleas and ticks. Use a metal flea comb to comb through every inch of the dog's body. These nasty parasites are a continuous and potentially serious, even deadly, problem for your dog. Preventing fleas and ticks is better than trying...

Bringing Home Your Jack Russell Terrier

With preparation and planning, your new dog's arrival will be a happy event. Jack Russells adjust very quickly to new situations and adapt themselves nicely to a new home. If possible, visit your new puppy a time or two before bringing him home. (Check with the breeder first regarding his or her policy about visitors before the pups have had their first protective inoculations.) It is also good to meet the dam (mother) and the sire (father) to give you a better understanding of the personality...

JRTCA Breeders

The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America (JRTA) has one of the most unique registries in the world. It was set up by founder Alisia Crawford in 1976 specifically to protect the working terrier from genetic faults and structural characteristics that would be detrimental to the breed's working ability and mental and physical health. Unlike other registries, such as the American Kennel Club and United Kennel Club, which register entire litters at birth, each application for registration for a Jack...

Jack Russell With Narrow Ear Canals Shaking Head

The ears on the Jack Russell fold over, which, in theory, is to help keep dirt out of the inner ear when the dogs are below ground. If you see your dog shaking her head or scratching her ears, or if there is an unpleasant odor, dirt might be embedded in the ear, there may be an infection, or ear mites could be present. Your veterinarian can give you a diagnosis. If the problem is ear mites, the vet will prescribe drops to eliminate them. Mites are highly contagious and all pets in the home...

Grooming a Smooth Coated JRT

For a smooth-coated JRT, start with a thorough, all-over brushing, followed by a rubdown with a well-soaked, tightly squeezed magnet cloth A magnet cloth (or, as it is sometimes called, a magic magnet cloth) is used for its ability to absorb and hold water. It is often yellow and is made of a washable cloth fiber that can be washed over and over again but not machine dried. Equine or tack stores often sell them for polishing horse's coats. Some dog supply catalogs offer them in the grooming...

After Jack Russell

Upon Jack Russell's death, at the age of 88, his stock was scattered. It is doubtful that anyone today can trace a terrier back to Trump. What does live on is his strain or type of hardy, old-fashioned, willing-to-work terriers. Those who did not hunt were culled along the way, or kept as pets Rev. Jack Russell's original kennels this is where the Jack Russell Terrier began. These kennels were built from rock left over from the building of the railroad bed, and were located about 200feet from...

Jack Russell Terriers

Atter, Sheila, Jack Russell Terriers Today, Howell Book House, 1995. Britt-Hay, Deborah, Jack Russell Terriers for Dummies, John Wiley & Sons, 2000. Brown, Catherine Romaine, The Jack Russell Terrier Courageous Companion, Howell Book House, 1998. James, Kenneth, Working Jack Russell Terriers A Hunter's Story, Hunter House Press, 1995. Plummer, Brian D., The Complete Jack Russell Terrier, Howell Book House, Strom, Mary, Ultimate Jack Russell Terrier, Howell Book House, 1999.

Snacks

Just like adding artificial colors to dog food, feeding table scraps does more to please people than to benefit dogs. Your dog doesn't care about all those flavors and colors. She's perfectly happy with that plain old high-quality kibble she's always eaten. And if you never feed her table scraps, she'll never know what she's missing. Scraps tend to be full of fat, salt, sugar, and spices nothing that's needed by or is good for your dog. Carrots are a healthy snack for your dog. Carrots are a...

Dog Talk

Dogs don't speak in words, but they do have a language body language. They use postures, vocalizations, movements, facial gestures, odors, and touch usually with their mouths to communicate what they are feeling and thinking. We also speak using body language. We have quite an array of postures, movements, and facial gestures that accompany our touch and language as we attempt to communicate with our pets. And our dogs can quickly figure us out Alone, without associations, words are just...

Deafness

Deafness shows up more often in white-coated animals, and therefore may be linked genetically to coat color. The dog may be totally deaf bilateral or deaf in only one ear unilateral . Unilateral deafness is more difficult to detect, as the dog quickly learns to compensate for her loss. A BAER brainstem auditory evoked response test is used to detect deafness it measures the brain's response to sound. It takes a very dedicated owner with very special abilities to provide for the protection and...

Spaying and Neutering

Jack Russell Terrier Muzzle

Neutering or spaying is the kindest thing you can do for your dog. Life with a dog is much easier for you, too, if you do not have to be concerned with the problems associated with the female's heat cycles or the male's compulsion to Breeding dogs is a serious undertaking that should only be part of a well-planned breeding program. Why Because dogs pass on their physical and behavioral problems to their offspring. Even healthy, well-behaved dogs can pass on problems in their genes. Is your dog...

Bringing Home an Adult

Dog Frighten

In this chapter we have been focusing on bringing a Jack Russell puppy into your home, but this is not the only option. Consider getting an older, already spayed or neutered Jack Russell as companion to your dog or as your only dog, for that matter. Many healthy, well-behaved older JRTs need new homes and can be applied for through the JRTCA's Russell Rescue see the appendix . An older dog entering your home and life for the first time will have different needs than a puppy. A new puppy adjusts...

Building a Better Recall

Now, practice some more. Teach your dog that all good things in life hinge upon him first sitting in front of you in a behavior named come. When you think he really has got it, test him by asking him to come as you gradually add distractions and change locations. Expect setbacks as you make these changes and practice accordingly. Lower your expectations and make his task easier so he is able to get it right. Use those distractions as rewards, when they are...

Courageous and Reckless

If you can commit time and attention to a devoted, quick, intelligent companion, then the Jack Russell Terrier may fit into your life. You may find you are the dog's pet. It is quite like having a child in that you must devote a great deal of attention to where the dog is and what he is doing any given moment. A Jack Russell is brave to the point of abandon, and you must prevent him from self-destructing more JRTs die from accidental deaths than from old age. If protected from themselves, they...

Wildlife Encounters

The call of the wild is irresistible to Jack Russells. On any given day, while walking in the woods your Jack Russell may find himself face to face with some form of wildlife. A groundhog bite heals quickly and rarely infects, but an encounter with a raccoon is a more serious matter. Raccoons may carry rabies or coonhound paralysis, and they have been known to drown even large dogs if they are near a body of water. Raccoons who are seen during daylight hours are probably sick. They should be...

Feeding the Older Jack Russell

Jack Russells remain quite active well into their senior years. However, compared to the activity levels they maintained as youngsters, even these lively terriers tend to slow down and nap more as they age, perhaps gaining some weight in the process. When JRTs get to be more than 6 years old they may require fewer calories particularly if they are gaining some weight , although they still need all of the essential nutritional elements found in a well-balanced food. As the metabolism also slows...

Not an Apartment

Because the JRT is small and very cute, many have been brought into small city apartments and condos and left alone while people work all day. The restrictions of being left alone in a confined place all day has made for some surprised owners, who come home to find their apartment ransacked by the bored dog. If left to entertain themselves, JRTs can be very busy doing things humans don't like. That havoc is very entertaining to the dog, though. This is not a dog who can be crated for long hours...

Muzzles

Two Jack Russell Fighting

Even the sweetest dog in the world may try to bite you out of instinct if you handle her when she is injured or in pain. Get a secure, comfortable muzzle and practice putting it on the dog for successively longer periods, up to a few minutes at a time. Try to make this fun, be gentle, and reward her for calmly accepting the restraint. If your dog is at least familiar with a muzzle ahead of time, she may be spared the added anxiety of having to cope with a strange new device when she has been...

The Show Coat

The coat of the Jack Russell is never sculpted it should not be altered in such a manner as to give it an artificial, overdone appearance. Grooming should not be done to try to cover any conformation faults. This is a natural earthdog and his look should reflect that attitude. If you are showing your JRT, the judge will be looking for the dog who best suits the standard of the working terrier and who he or she would most like to take out into the field that day. Exaggerated leg furnishings and...

How To Get Rid Of Fleas On Jack Russel

Fleas Dogs Ears

These pests are a long-standing annoyance to dogs and owners. Flea dirt digested dog blood can be seen as dark specks in the dog's coat. If the dirt is moistened, it becomes a rusty red color, distinguishing it from soil. White specks that you may find on your dog are flea eggs. The saliva of the flea is very irritating, and dogs who are allergic to the saliva will break out in a rash, called flea allergy dermatitis. The itching can become so Take out the floor mats and hose them down with a...

Check Russell

Jack Russell Terrier Ticks

Various species of ticks may attach themselves to your dog. In addition to Lyme disease, ticks can also carry such ailments as Rocky Mountain spotted fever and canine ehrlichiosis. Prompt removal of ticks will help prevent the transmission of these diseases. The most common areas where you will find ticks are the ears, neck and head, and between the toes. If you find only a few ticks on your dog, the easiest thing to do is remove them as described in the box on page 69. During regular grooming...

Crate Training

Jack Russells love their crates and use them as dens. When the door is left open and there is a comfortable bed inside, the dog will seek the crate for privacy and rest. Either a wire crate or a molded plastic carrier is suitable, as long as it is large enough for a grown Jack Russell to stand up in and turn around comfortably. If the crate is too large the dog may choose to sleep at one end and eliminate at the other. The bed or pad inside should be one that is not easily torn. An added baby...

Poisons

Dangerous Jack Russell

Poisons and toxins that can be dangerous for your Jack Russell are all over house, garden, garage, everywhere. In your house may be such plants as dieffen-bachia, philodendron, asparagus fern, ivy, and poinsettia. Also dangerous are all the pesticides, cleaning supplies, and medicines that must be closely guarded. In the garden are acorns, lily of the valley, wisteria, daffodils, morning glory, holly, rhubarb, and tomato vine, among others. t gt ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center The ASPCA...

Bathing

It is not necessary to bathe a Jack Russell Terrier unless he gets skunked, rolls in something completely objectionable, or has a serious flea problem. If a bath truly becomes necessary, be sure his ears are plugged with cotton balls and his eyes are protected from soap. Most dogs do not like baths, and the added stress of soapy eyes may make for more resistance to a bath the next time around. The shampoo you choose should be made especially for dogs with a harsh coat. Anything that contains a...

Grooming Your Jack Russe Terrier

Although the Jack Russell gm - Terrier is considered a no-frills kind of dog, all working terriers need their coats maintained to keep them efficient and neat. Weekly maintenance of the Jack Russell Terrier's coat will give you a chance to look your dog over carefully and make sure all is in good order. This chapter outlines procedures for the thorough care and grooming of your JRT's coat. However, the average dog will do just as well with basic grooming, together with proper care of the nails...

Supplements

One more consideration is supplements. Don't give them unless your veterinarian prescribes them for some special reason. All good-quality dog foods labeled as complete will provide all that your dog needs in the way of nutrition. There may be rare or special circumstances, such as pregnancy and lactation, when your dog requires some supplementation of one or more nutrients, if recommended by your veterinarian. But casual supplementation can cause serious imbalances and unexpected problems. More...

Anal Glands

Blocked Anus

Anal glands provide lubrication for the passing of stools and also function as scent glands. The sacs that produce these secretions are located on either side and slightly down from the anus. They normally empty when the dog defecates, but may have a tendency to fill or even become blocked in some dogs, and so should be checked from time to time. Regular tooth brushing is as important for your dog as it is for you. Regular tooth brushing is as important for your dog as it is for you. When a dog...

Grooming a Rough or Broken Coated JRT

Stripping Jack Russell

Rough or broken-coated JRTs require a bit more work. Left to grow naturally, the coat may not look neat and tidy. Although grooming the roughs or brokens is more involved, you may derive more satisfaction from the finished product. Always keep in mind the Jack Russell is a double-coated breed He has an undercoat and an overcoat. The overcoat is made up of the coarser hairs that protect the dog from briars and brush in the field. Begin by thoroughly combing and brushing the dog to loosen dead...

Internal Parasites

When you first get your dog or puppy and take her for her first visit to your veterinarian, be sure to bring along the health records the breeder or previous owner gave to you. These records should reflect not only the vaccinations your dog has received, but also a schedule of dewormings. Also bring with you a fresh stool sample for analysis. The vet can quickly diagnose what, if any, types of worms your dog is harboring, so treatment can begin right away. Please do not think that...

What to Feed Your JRT

Jack Russell Teeth

Dry food, or primarily dry food, is recommended. Some warm water may be added to kibble to release more food odors. Canned foods are not always necessary but, if you feel you must add them, take care that they do not exceed 20 or Dog food labels are not always easy to read, but if you know what to look for they can tell you a lot about what your dog is eating. The label should have a statement saying the dog food meets or exceeds the American Association of Feed Control Officials AAFCO...

In the rest of the house

Tape up or cover electrical cords consider childproof covers for unused outlets. Knot or tie up any dangling cords from curtains, blinds, and the telephone. Securely put away all potentially dangerous items, including medicines and medicine containers, vitamins and supplements, cigarettes, cigars, pipes and pipe tobacco, pens, pencils, felt-tip markers, craft and sewing supplies, and laundry products. Put all houseplants out of reach. Move breakable items off low tables and shelves. Pick up...

Accidents Happen

If you see your pup about to eliminate somewhere other than the designated area, interrupt her immediately. Say wait, wait, wait or clap your hands loudly to startle her into stopping. Carry the pup, if she's still small enough, or take her collar and lead her to the correct area. Once your dog is in the potty area, give her the command to eliminate. Use a friendly voice for the command, then wait patiently for her to produce. The pup may be tense because you've just startled her and may have...

Choking

Choking can be a life-threatening condition. Puppies, who are curious by nature, are always picking up all sorts of objects and are the most susceptible to choking on so many of the things that catch their eye. You may be able to reach into the dog's throat and dislodge the object, or you may have to perform the canine Heimlich maneuver. Lay the dog on her side and, with your palms just behind the last rib, give four quick thrusts. Check the mouth for the object and repeat the maneuver if...

Roundworms

If your puppy's dam has ever had roundworms and it is quite likely that she has , her pups probably will be born with roundworms. Some larvae encyst in the mother's tissue and, in the late stages of pregnancy, the dormant larvae are released and carried to the unborn puppies. They are also passed on through breast milk. This is why it is always advisable to deworm a female before she is bred although doing so will not rid her of the encysted larvae. For this reason, puppies must be dewormed by...

How to Trim Nails

How Cut Jack Russell Nails

Always keep your JRT's nails well tended. If you are diligent about trimming nails, you should have no trouble maintaining a well-rounded foot which your dog needs to move properly. Ideally, you will have the opportunity to manicure the nails from puppyhood, thereby establishing proper ground rules and conduct. Handle your puppy's feet often to get him used to being touched and held this way. When clipping nails, it is of the utmost importance that you work in the best light possible. You...

Tapeworms

Perhaps the most familiar internal parasite for dog owners is the tapeworm. There are different kinds of tapeworms, but the most common is the one transmitted by fleas. The flea ingests tapeworm eggs when it bites an infected animal and your dog then swallows the flea. Another type of tapeworm is acquired by Puppies can acquire roundworms and hookworms from their mother. Puppies can acquire roundworms and hookworms from their mother. eating animal parts, including mice. The head of the worm...

Leash and Collar

You will need a leash and a collar or collars that fit properly at all stages of growth. Rolled leather collars work very well and are comfortable. Be sure to adjust the collar so that it fits securely but not tightly, and check it regularly, particularly as your puppy grows. The collar should be snug enough that it will not slip over the dog's head, but loose enough to allow you to comfortably insert two or three fingers between the collar and the neck. A nylon leash is often best for puppies,...

Hookworms

The same medication used to treat roundworms is also very effective against hookworms. It is uncommon for a pup to be born with hookworms, but these parasites can be acquired through the mother's milk during the first two or three weeks of life. Left unchecked, an affected puppy can quickly die. Give a subsequent booster shot every three years, unless there are risk factors that make it necessary to vaccinate more or less often. Noncore vaccines should only be considered for those dogs who risk...

Loss of Appetite

If your dog refuses to eat for more than a day or two, or has diarrhea or a cough, call the veterinarian. These could be symptoms of a number of ailments. If the dog has diarrhea, remove all food but be sure fresh, clean water is available. Jack Russells are tough little dogs and recover quickly from almost any problem, but they do have a tendency to eat icky things, bringing on any number of consequences or, surprisingly, no consequences at all. My favorite true JRTs-eat-icky-things story...

Feeding Your Jack Russell Puppy

Puppy Jack Russells

Having started life on mother's milk, puppies are weaned between five and six weeks of age. The timing depends on the dam's willingness to nurse and the practices of the breeder. While the pups are still nursing, at about four weeks, the breeder will begin to feed them a fine-textured, well-moistened, nutritious gruel to begin to accustom them to solid food. At first the food is all over the place. It must be served in a low dish or pan so the pups can reach it, but then, of course, they can...

Sarcoptic Mange

This condition is caused by a microscopic arachnid called a mite. Jack Russells love to poke around in holes they discover, and if the last resident of that hole carried mange mites, the JRT may pick them up. Mange appears in many areas of the country and is especially hard on red foxes, which are often seen missing large patches of their red coat and proud brush tail . Mange frequently shows up first on the face, ears, belly, or thighs of the dog, and then spreads with itchy patches of missing...

Heartworms

Heartworms are very serious and difficult to treat, but can be prevented from infecting your dog. After a bite from an infected mosquito, larvae work their way into the dog and eventually develop into small adult worms. The worms then enter the bloodstream and travel to the heart, where they mature. The female gives birth to thousands of live young, called microfilaria, which move into the bloodstream and wait for their host the mosquito to come along to help them develop into larvae ready to...

Luxating Patella

A luxating patella is a slipped kneecap. The kneecap patella tends to pop out of the joint because the groove in the thighbone femur in which it sits is too shallow. When the patella becomes dislocated, there may be pain and difficulty straightening the knee. The luxation may be permanent or it may be intermittent, with the kneecap popping in and out of position. The dog may move in a normal manner one minute and be lame the next. This condition can lead to the premature development of...

Von Willebrands Disease

Von Willebrand Disease

Von Willebrand's disease vWD is the most common inherited bleeding disorder in dogs. Both males and females carry it, and both sexes can be affected. Deafness may be genetically linked to the white coat color. Responsible breeders screen their dogs before they are bred. Deafness may be genetically linked to the white coat color. Responsible breeders screen their dogs before they are bred. Bleeding in affected individuals is caused by a deficiency or dysfunction of the von Willebrand factor vWF...