Intestinal Protozoa

Next to worms, the intestinal protozoa are the most troublesome of parasites. The common protozoa infecting dogs are the coccidia. There are four species of coccidia capable of infecting dogs and other animals, including poultry. Usually, however, each of the four species prefers its own specific host, such as the dog, cow, or chicken. But it is possible for a dog to become infected with the poultry-type coccidia if he eats raw chicken viscera that are infected. Coccidia fasten onto the cells...

The Advantages Of A Purebred

There are some decided advantages in owning a purebred dog. First of all, the purebred breeders have spent a lot of time, money and effort in developing their breeds. You, as the buyer, profit by all of these. Most of the purebred kennel operators have high standards in the selection of breeding stock, sanitation, dog care and business transactions. They are not fly-by-night enterprises. Another important advantage in buying a purebred dog is that you can be sure what the dog will look like...

Distemper

Despite the tremendous amount of research being done on distemper, it still continues to be a major dog killer. It is an acute, highly infectious disease caused by a virus. Young dogs, especially puppies, are the most frequent and numerous victims. Nursing puppies, however, are rarely affected, since a certain degree of immunity is passed to them from their mother by way of colostrum-milk. But to get this natural immunity, the pups must partake of the colostrum-milk during the first 8 to 24...

Toenails

Overgrown or ingrown toenails can be very troublesome. The nails of young puppies grow rapidly, particularly if the puppy doesn't get outdoors where he can wear down the nails by digging. Consequently, you can expect sharp nails, capable of putting holes in your stockings, trousers and skin. If neglected, the nails can become quite curved, snagging on clothes, rugs and other objects. Also, a pup can dislodge a nail when he tries to yank them out of a rug or cloth. Long nails make a dog...

New York

A section of illustrations appears after page 96 Simply because there is a need for up-to-date information on the care and training of our fast-growing dog population. When I became Manager of the Bide-A-Wee Home for Animals in 1951, there were 20 million dogs in the United States. In 1956, when I joined the staff of the Gaines Dog Research Center, the dog population jumped to over 23 million. Now we have more than 25 million dogs. And the dog population shows signs of increasing. Keeping pace...

Dogandteacher Relationship

The pup will pick up his cue from your behavior. Approach the lessons in a playful manner and the dog will respond in a similar manner. Both you and the dog should enter into the lessons with a serious intention. You are not out to make the lessons a grueling marathon of learning, but neither are you supposed to make a big game of them. The pup is in school to learn some important lessons that will have a bearing on his future in your home and community. Show him that you will not tolerate any...

Restraining Dog For Examination Or Treatment

Just keep a firm grip don't wrestle with him. TAKING DOG'S TEMPERATURE Dip bulb end of rectal thermometer in vaseline or baby oil. Insert and keep in for at least three minutes. ADMINISTERING PILLS, TABLETS, AND CAPSULES ADMINISTERING PILLS, TABLETS, AND CAPSULES GIVING LIQUID MEDICINES Make a pouch in the side of the dog's mouth and pour in liquid medicines from a small bottle or syringe. SERIOUS BLEEDING Control serious bleeding by direct pressure with a clean compress, towel, handkerchief,...

Kennel Sanitation

Until these new methods of eradicating and preventing internal parasite infection have been proven by the test of time, you will have to stick to old-fashioned sanitation. Thoroughly clean the doghouse and kennel at least twice a month. Choose a good detergent and disinfectant. Compounds containing both a detergent and disinfectant are available. Pick one that is nontoxic and with a high degree of efficiency against the major organisms. The compound should be soluble in water. Follow the...

Molesting Livestock

The major source of trouble for the country dog owner is the chasing, injuring or killing of livestock by his dog. Many dogs, since they are fundamentally hunters, take great delight in chasing poultry and livestock. Others make it a more deadly game and injure or kill livestock and poultry, especially sheep. Your country dog must be taught that he cannot molest livestock. Farmers and the law have no sympathy for the problems of an owner of a livestock-killing dog. And the law exacts severe...

The Chronic Barker Or Howler

It's normal for your dog to bark a warning or greeting. It's abnormal for him to keep on barking long after the reason has ceased to exist. Yet many dogs do just this. In the chapter on raising a dog in the city, we gave some instructions on how to teach your dog not to bark after he's alerted you. Perhaps, despite your efforts, your dog still keeps up an abnormal barking after he should have stopped. Or, what is worse, he barks continuously when you are away from home (which you learn from...

Feeding The Sick

The dog will need a daily nourishing ration to help him recover from a serious illness. If the veterinarian has placed the dog on a special diet, see that nothing else is fed. A dog recuperating from an injury can usually be given his regular ration. If the dog has difficulty in keeping his food down, eliminate solid food and substitute broths or beef bouillon. Give them to the dog in small quantities three or four times a day. When you've brought the vomiting under control for 24 hours,...

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Up until now, your puppy's training has consisted of a series of corrections when he erred. You've been pointing out his mistakes after he's committed them. When he jumps on the furniture, you push him off and tell him No If he misses his newspapers and stains your rug, you reprimand him with a stern No and rush him, belatedly, over to the newspapers. He's lived and grown in a world of do's and don'ts and it's all been very bewildering for the young pup. But the time has come when the pup needs...

Prostatitis

So far as it is known, only three animals suffer from prostatitis the dog, the lion and man. Prostatitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland. It is common in old male dogs. The symptoms include frequent and painful urination, difficult bowel movements resulting from an enlarged prostate pressing on the rectum , restlessness, reluctance to sit down, and a rise in the temperature. Some cases of prostatitis are helped by chemotherapy, others require surgery. Consult your...

Giving The Dog An Enema

Dogs unable to stand up very often become constipated. If ordinary laxatives fail or if the veterinarian has not advised giving laxatives, you will have to give the dog an enema when he is constipated. Bedridden dogs usually do not present much of a problem as far as giving an enema is concerned. But the dog that is sick, yet able to move around, may put up a struggle. Don't tussle with him have someone restrain the dog. The enema is best administered in the bathtub, since the mess can be...

Ringworm

Ringworm is a contagious skin disease caused by a fungus. It is transmissible to man and other animals. Two genera of fungi are responsible for ringworm. They have long names Trichophyton megalosporon and Trichophyton microsporon. The T. microsporon fungus is the type most often encountered in dogs. The fungi causing ringworm more or less limit their activities to the epidermis or outer layer of skin. They grow onto the hair follicles and in between the hair sheaths, finally killing off the...

The Mating

If you use the services of a professional stud, then you will not have anything to do with the mating. The breeder will see to it that your bitch is mated and you can rely on him. All you have to do is deliver and pick up the bitch and pay the fee when due. But if you are using a local male, then you may have to help with the mating, especially if the male is inexperienced. The chances are the owner of the local male doesn't know much about mating the dog. You both will have to learn the facts...

The Car Chaser

The car-chasing dog is a real problem. He's both a nuisance and a potential cause of an accident, since many drivers instinctively swerve away from the dog. This may be all right when the road is clear. When it isn't, the swerving driver may strike another car or a pedestrian. One of the theories advanced as to why dogs chase cars is their instinctive reaction to motion. You will recall the dog is an animal of the chase, a running hunter, and chasing a car is an extension of the hunting...

Behavior

Your dog's general behavior depends on various factors, some subject to your control, others beyond it. Inheritance, experience and environment all play a vital role in your dog's behavior. Individual dogs are more aggressive than others. So are certain breeds. The Doberman Pinscher, for instance, is an aggressive dog, and it is his aggressiveness that makes him an outstanding police dog. Breed fanciers object to the statement that temperament shyness, aggressiveness, snappiness, etc. is...

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First aid is the immediate and temporary help you can give your dog in case of an accident. Do what you can to save the dog's life, then get him to a veterinarian. Don't try to do more than you know. There are some minor wounds, injuries and accidents in which you may be able to do all. that is necessary. But if you are in doubt as to their severity and we'll repeat a previous warning let the veterinarian take over. In rendering first aid, keep cool, work quickly and quietly, reassure the dog...

Transporting The Injured

Since most veterinarians rarely come out to treat a dog, you will have to get the dog to the veterinarian. Take care in moving the injured dog. Rough or unnecessary handling may result in further injury. If you have assistance, make a stretcher using two poles and a coat. Broomsticks, mop handles or tree branches can be used for poles. Turn the coat sleeves inside out and slide the two poles, one through each sleeve opening. Button the coat over the poles and the stretcher is ready. If you...

Labor And Whelping

Be on the alert for signs of labor during the last week of pregnancy. While 63 days is the average, the bitch can whelp sooner or later. A day or so before she is due, the bitch's vulva will become enlarged. She will be uneasy and will spend a lot of time making a nest in the whelping box if she's taken a fancy to it . Keep an eye on her but let her alone. She'll probably drink more water than usual and urinate more frequently during the last few days of her pregnancy. If she is constipated, do...

Crossbreeds And Mongrels

You may have decided that you just want a dog, nothing fancy animal or price. If so, you have a wide range of choice from among the many combinations of crossbreeds and mongrels. They have little monetary value, but they'll give every bit as much loyalty and companionship as the purebreds. Don't think that because crossbreeds and mongrels are purchased cheaply or obtained gratis, they are not highly prized by their owners. Of the 26 million dogs in the United States, more than two-thirds are...

Eclampsia

A serious condition known as eclampsia or milk fever may follow whelping. It affects nursing bitches. The depletion of blood calcium is suspected as a major cause. The condition is characterized by excessive panting, nervousness, restlessness, loss of appetite, a stilted walk, temperature above 103 and as high as 108 , collapse and convulsions. Don't waste time call the veterinarian. There is nothing you can do. The veterinarian will have to inject calcium into the bitch and it should be done...

Dermatitis

The term dermatitis means an inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis is another one of those skin conditions with vague and various causes. Some of the causes may be internal, others may be external. The internal causes include food allergy, faulty diet, metabolic disorders and intestinal parasites. The external causes include insect or animal bites, blows, scratches, chemical irritation acids, alkalis, plant juices, insect poisons, etc. , and burns, scalds, freezing and excessive sunlight. A...

The Urinary System

The dog's urinary system is similar to that of other mammals. Its purpose is to process and get rid of liquid wastes. The main parts of the urinary tract are the kidneys used to excrete urea, uric acid and other wastes , the bladder a receptacle for fluid , and the urethra the canal that carries the urine from the bladder . Urinary-tract ailments are more common in older dogs, although puppies may have urinary-tract infections. These infections may exist as part of a major disease, such as...

Porcupine Quills

While porcupines are not too common, your dog may happen to meet one. If the dog gets too nosey, he may well end up with his nose and face stuck full of porcupine quills. Porcupine quills are painful to extract. If possible, get the dog to a veterinarian. If necessary, the veterinarian can administer an anesthesia and extract the quills while the dog is asleep. But if you have to do the job, do it this way Have someone restrain the dog he's going to resent having the quills extracted. If...