In 1989 the AKC introduced the Canine Good Citizen program. It is open to mixed breed as well as purebred dogs. The purpose of the test is to demonstrate that a dog has good manners. It is noncompetitive. Handlers may talk to their dogs and give extra commands. A certificate will be sent from the AKC for all dogs that pass. A dog must pass all 10 parts of the test to earn a certificate. All parts are performed on leash. The 10 parts are:
1. Accepting a Friendly Stranger. Tester and owner will shake hands.
2. Sitting Politely for Petting. Dog sits to be petted by tester.
3. Appearance and Grooming. Tester brushes dog, handles his ears and paws.
4. Walking on a Loose Leash. Dog does turns and halts. He does not need to heel.
5. Walking Through a Crowd. Dogs walks around people without jumping on them.
6. Sit and Down on Command/Staying in Place. Dog sits and lies down. Then handler walks away 20 feet and returns. The dog is on a 20-foot line.
7. Coming When Called. Dog is on a long line and comes 10 feet.
8. Reaction to Another Dog. Two handlers and dogs approach each other, stop and shake hands.
9. Reactions to Distractions. Distractions may be a jogger passing by and a loud noise.
10. Supervised Separation. Someone will hold your dog while you go out of sight for three minutes.
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There are over a hundred registered breeds of dogs. Recognizing the type of the dog is basically associated with its breed. A purebred animal belongs to a documented and acknowledged group of unmixed lineage. Before a breed of dog is recognized, it must be proven that mating two adult dogs of the sametype would have passed on their exact characteristics, both appearance and behavior, to their offspring.