The members of the genus canis, which includes wolves, coyotes, jackals, and domestic dogs, are predators that hunt by traveling long distances looking for prey and then chasing them. Wolves, a close wild relative of dogs, can travel an average of 15 miles a day. Dogs, except for those breeds that have been radically changed by man's selective breeding, have the endurance and energy of their wild ancestors. Problems arise when this energy is not given an outlet.
Dogs who do not get enough exercise become frustrated. This frustration often causes undesirable behaviors: chewing, barking, digging, running away, and general unruliness, to name a few. Almost any behavior problem can be improved by providing a dog with more exercise. A tired dog doesn't need to find an outlet for his energy. He is less likely to get into trouble. A tired dog is a well-behaved dog.
All the training in the world is not a substitute for adequate exercise. Even though training can tire a dog, it cannot relax a dog the way exercise can. Training and exercise depend on each other. It is hard to exercise a dog who pulls on the leash and won't come when called. On the other hand, it is hard to train a dog who hasn't had enough exercise.
Providing a dog with adequate exercise is not easy. You come home from a hard day at work, ready to collapse, only to be faced with a dog who has been sleeping all day and is now bursting with energy. However, this is a sacrifice you should be prepared to make if you own a dog. If you can see it as a time for you to relax, too, it won't seem like so much of a chore.
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There are over a hundred registered breeds of dogs. Recognizing the type of the dog is basically associated with its breed. A purebred animal belongs to a documented and acknowledged group of unmixed lineage. Before a breed of dog is recognized, it must be proven that mating two adult dogs of the sametype would have passed on their exact characteristics, both appearance and behavior, to their offspring.