Your basic training leash should be four to six feet long and made of leather, nylon, or cotton webbing. Make sure your leash is lightweight enough with a small bolt snap for small dogs. Likewise, there is no need for a bolt snap big enough to hold a horse to be on the end of the leash, no matter how big your dog is. Too large a snap could hurt your dog's eye.
Retractable leashes are very useful. They give your dog more freedom, when it is appropriate, while avoiding tangling around a dog's leg. I find mine especially useful when I am traveling with my dog. They are great for leash breaking puppies and for working on the come command.
Another useful leash is a slip lead. This is a leash and collar in one. I keep one by the door so I'm always ready to prevent jumping up when someone comes to the door. It's easier to slip over a dog's head when the dog is excited than to search for a ring on a collar to which to attach a leash.
Most of the training that follows in this chapter should be done on a four- to six-foot leash.
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There are over a hundred registered breeds of dogs. Recognizing the type of the dog is basically associated with its breed. A purebred animal belongs to a documented and acknowledged group of unmixed lineage. Before a breed of dog is recognized, it must be proven that mating two adult dogs of the sametype would have passed on their exact characteristics, both appearance and behavior, to their offspring.