The long line is an important tool in teaching your dog to come when called. It gives your dog a sense of freedom while you maintain control and keep him safe.
The long line is simply a 30- to 40-foot leash. It is also called a check cord. It can be made of many different materials and can either be purchased ready-made or made by you. Cotton or nylon webbing, any kind of rope, or nylon cord can be used along with a well-fitting buckle collar that will not slip over your dog's head if your dog pulls on it. A dog who charges to the end of a 40-foot rope and is wearing a choke collar may damage his neck when he hits the end of it.
I like polypropylene rope of about three-eighths-inch width because it is strong enough for a medium- to large-size dog but it is not overly heavy and it doesn't tangle easily. It also doesn't soak up moisture like cotton webbing does. You can just buy 30 to 40 feet of rope in a hardware store and a medium-size bolt snap to tie onto the end of it. Make sure the bolt snap is no larger than necessary to hold your dog. Getting an enormous, heavy bolt snap that would hold an elephant and acts as an anchor for your dog to drag around defeats the purpose of the long line. You want the dog to have a sense of freedom, and this would be negated by dragging around a heavy rope with a big bolt snap. If you have a small dog, you will have to use a lightweight cord and a very small bolt snap. For small dogs, I use parachute cord that I purchase at an army surplus store. Unfortunately, it tangles easily.
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There are over a hundred registered breeds of dogs. Recognizing the type of the dog is basically associated with its breed. A purebred animal belongs to a documented and acknowledged group of unmixed lineage. Before a breed of dog is recognized, it must be proven that mating two adult dogs of the sametype would have passed on their exact characteristics, both appearance and behavior, to their offspring.