Index

20-foot line use, Canine Good Citizen test, 179 30-minute Down, for aggression management, 168

AAFCO (Association of American Feed

Control Officers), 287 about-turn in Canine Good Citizen test, 178 teaching, 115 abstention training check use, 85 description, 21 of dog by cat, 22 accepting a friendly stranger, Canine Good

Citizen test, 177, 182 accident, housetraining, 58-59 acid/alkaline balance, 296 aconite, 143, 314 action exercises, 260-261 action training, 21 acupuncture, 157-158, 314-315 adolescence, 45-46 age, influence on training, 17 aggression anticipating behavior, 164 attack by another dog, 172-173 causes, 163-164

defense drive, 161, 164, 165-169

definition, 161

direction of, 162

dominance and, 166

electric fences, 173

expending energy of the behavior, 164

fear-biters, 171-172

feeding and, 171

female dog, 166

fight drive, 165-169

flight drive, 171-172

hypothyroidism and, 311

management, 164-171

as natural phenomenon, 163

pack drive, 169-171

prey drive, 165

protein deficiency and, 290

rewarding behavior, 163

as sign of negative perception of environment, 126 signs, 162, 166

socialization and, 163-164, 170 suppressing energy of the behavior, 164 switching drives, 164 taking something from dog's mouth, 167 toward men, 170 toward other dogs, 166, 170-171 triggers, 165, 166-167, 169-170 vaccination and, 308 aggression management calming with oil of lavender, 171 exercise, 167 fight drive, 167-169 Long Down, 168 of men-aggressive dog, 170 muzzle use, 168-169 pack drive, 170-171 prey drive, 165 training, 167 tug of war, 167-168 Agility Excellent (AX) title, 329 agility trials AKC titles, 328-329 description, 20 history, 328 levels of difficulty, 330 obedience trials compared, 330 sponsoring organizations, 328

airline crates, 53

AKC. See American Kennel Club allelomimetic behavior, 152

aloofness, as sign of negative perception of environment, 126 American Holistic Veterinary Medical

Association (Web site), 314 American Kennel Club (AKC) agility titles, 328-329 breed recognition, 129 Canine Good Citizen test and, 175 contact information, 200 definition of heeling, 112 dog groups, 129-130 Obedience Regulations, 19, 200, 242, 254 obedience titles, 189-190 obedience trials, 19-20, 328 performance titles, 327 Versatility titles, 328 Web site, 190, 200, 242 American Veterinary Chiropractic Association

(Web site), 312-313 amino acids, 289 ammonia-based cleaners, 58 anal glands, 347

Animal Poison Control Center, 315 animal shelters, 48, 151 animalchiropractic.org, 312 anthropomorphizing, 15 antibodies, 308 antioxidants, 293 anxiety barking and, 153 causes of, 311, 313 chewing and, 155 effects of, 137 separation, 155-156 apartment dog, housetraining, 59 apis, 314

appearance and grooming test, Canine Good

Citizen test, 178, 183 arms, jumping through, 357-358 arnica, 314

ASCA (Australian Shepherd Club of America), 328

assistance dogs, 336

Association of American Feed Control

Officers (AAFCO), 287 attention, focusing on you, 194 attention seeking, barking and, 153, 154 attitude, as factor in training success, 16 Australian Shepherd Club of America

(ASCA), 328 automatic nonqualification, 198 Automatic Sit at Heel, 112, 203

baby gates, 61 Bach Flower Remedies, 143 Bang command, 354-355 Bar command, 279, 280 bark collar, 91, 154 barking in Canine Good Citizen test, 181 collars to stop, 91, 154 dealing with, 152-154 motivation for, 154 for no apparent reason, 153 as prey drive behavior, 67 as response, 153 begging, 13, 107-108 begging position, 35

behavior. See also specific behaviors and drives breed-specific, 129-130 defense drive, 69, 73-80, 161, 164-169, 224 effect of drives on training, 70, 74-76, 78-81 energy, 164 fight, 69, 75, 77-80 flight, 69, 77-80 instinctive, 65-66 pack drive, 67-68, 74-80 Personality Profile, 71-74, 78-80 prey drive, 66-67, 75-80 timeframe, 164 behavior problems barking, 152-154 carsickness, 159-160 causes, 146-148

chewing, 154-155

crate as tool for dealing with, 149

digging, 151-152

dribbling/submissive wetting, 158-159 euthanasia and, 151 finding a new home for dog, 150-151 going directly to source of, 150, 151 house soiling, 157-158 relationship problems, 145 separation anxiety, 155-156 single-dog syndrome, 147 solving, 150 tolerating, 149 belladonna, 314

Bennett, Chauncey Z. (founder of United

Kennel Club), 190 Bernese Mountain Dog, distractibility of, 133 BHA, 293 BHT, 293

biological clock, 172 bite inhibition, 170 biting accidental, 163 fear-biters, 171-172 muzzle use, 168 as prey drive behavior, 66 by puppies, 163, 170 bladder infection, 55, 157 blood test, 298 boarding kennel, 309-311 boarding school, 319, 323 body language, effect on drives, 76-78 bonding, age at beginning, 40 bones, 304-305 boredom barking and, 153 chewing and, 155 separation anxiety and, 156 bowing, 361-362 breeding your dog, 50 breeds

American Kennel Club (AKC)

recognition, 129 differences in distractibility, 132-133 dog groups, 129-130 touch sensitivity, differences in, 134

breed-specific behaviors, 129-130 Breland, Keller and Marian (founders of clicker training), 27 Bribery Bits (thedog8it! Inc.), 94, 230 Broad Jump (exercise) distance of jump, 257 distractions, ignoring, 257 getting dog used to jump, 255 jump on command, 256 making the turn, 256-257 Open class, 242 points, 242

Brown, Kerry, DVM (The Holistic Guide for a

Healthy Dog), 285, 294, 302, 309 buckle collars, 85, 89 burying, as prey drive behavior, 66

calcium, 45 Calm Stress, 143

calming, with oil of lavender, 171 calorie, 289

camp, dog, 319, 323-324 Canine Good Citizen test automatic failure, 184 collar types, 176 description, 20 do's and don'ts, 184-185 exercise requirements, 176-181 failure, 184 hints, 184-185 leash types, 176 nervousness about, 140 number of evaluators, 184 order of tests, 184 passing, 184 purpose, 175, 185 repeating commands, 176 scoring, 176, 184

test 1: accepting a friendly stranger, 177 test 2: sitting politely for petting, 177-178 test 3: appearance and grooming, 178 test 4: walking on a loose leash, 178 test 5: walking through a crowd, 178-179

Canine Good Citizen test (continued) test 6: sitting, downing, and staying in place, 179 test 7: coming when called, 179 test 8: reaction to another dog, 180 test 9: reaction to distractions, 180-181 test 10: supervised separation, 181 therapy dogs, 337 training for, 181-184 20-foot line use, 179 where to take, 175 canned food, 297 canvas leashes, 84 car travel crate for, 52 housetraining and, 63 carbo veg, 314 carbohydrates, 291 carsickness, 143, 159-160 cat food as reward, 228-229 chain leash, 85 chain slip-on collars, 86 chamomilla, 314 chasing citronella collar to deter, 91 dog by owner, 44 as prey drive behavior, 67 reasons for behavior, 345 to retrieve, 236-237 check in abstention training, 85 definition, 21, 85 on a snap-around collar, 88 chew toys, 44, 61, 150, 155 chewing physiological need to chew, 154 psychological need to chew, 155 separation anxiety, 156 children, dog socialization and, 42 chiropractic, 86, 89, 142, 312-313 chocolate, 158 choke chains, 9 chute getting dog used to, 221 use in recall training, 220-221 circling, as sign for elimination, 57-58

citronella collar, 91, 154 classical conditioning, 25 clickandtreat.com (Web site), 27 clicker training operant conditioning and, 27-28 origin of, 27 collar acceptance of reaching for, 217 bark, 91, 154 buckle, 85, 89

for Canine Good Citizen test, 176 choosing, 85 citronella, 91, 154 dog's response to, 111 electronic, 91, 154 Handcraft Collars (supplier), 87 leash attachment to, 96 pinch, 89-91, 111 placing on dog, 87-88 slip-on, 86 snap-around, 86-89 tag attachment to, 87, 89 tightness, 88 touch sensitivity and, 90 training, 85-91 Come command anticipation of, 248 in Broad Jump exercise, 256, 257 in Canine Good Citizen test, 179 distractions, off-leash, 119 distractions, on-leash, 118-119 in Drop on Recall exercise, 243, 248 ignored by dog, 116, 117 during retrieve, 237 rewards, 117 rules to follow, 116-117 in Signal exercise, 267 steps in teaching, 117-118 teach early, 116 uses of, 12, 340 Come (hand signal), 267-268 commands Bang, 354-355 Bar, 279, 280 Come, 12, 116-119, 340 consistency, 30-31, 107

Crate, 53

dog name use before, 32, 222

Go-Out, 277-281

Hurry Up, 57

ignored, 13

Leave It, 120-122, 167, 342

Let's go, 244-245

No, 342

Off, 341-342

Out, 250

Over, 255-257

Ready, 193-198

reasons for obeying, 15-16

reinforcement, 32, 210

release word, 95, 101

repeating, 32, 101, 176

Retrieve, 237

Shake, 350-352

Sit, 11, 97-98, 179, 266, 339-340 Stand, 212-214, 264, 276, 361 Stay, 98-101, 179, 223-225, 340, 359-361 Take it, 229, 230, 232, 234-237, 274-275 tone of voice, 30, 32, 107 use in Canine Good Citizen test, 179 Wait, 359-361 communications, avoiding negative, 31-32 Companion Dog excellent title Broad Jump, 255-257 Drop on Recall, 243-248 exercises, list of, 242 Heel Free and Figure 8, 243 Long Down, 257-258 Long Sit, 257-258 Out-of-Sight Stays, 257-258 Retrieve on Flat, 248-249 Retrieve Over the High Jump, 249-255 scoring, 241

Companion Dog title exercises, list of, 200 group exercises, 223-225 Heel On Leash and Figure 8 exercise, 201-208 Heeling Off Leash, 216-219 legs, 200

Long Down, 223-225 Long Sit, 223-225 points per exercise, 200 Recall, 219-223

Stand for Examination, 214-216 companionship, needs for, 147 conditioning classical, 25 operant, 25-28 confidence, distraction training and, 239 conformation shows, 189 Consumer Reports (magazine), 296 control exercises, 260-261 Control Position aggression and, 170 description, 194

focusing dog's attention on you, 194 teaching Ready! command, 195 usefulness of, 193 corrections description, 24-25 in operant conditioning, 27 timing of, 24

in traditional training, 27 Couch Potato (personality profile), 79 crate airline, 53 as den, 149 feeding in, 171 selecting, 53

as tool for dealing with inappropriate behavior, 149 water in, 56 Crate command, 53 crate training advantages, 52-53 coaxing pet into crate, 53-54 crate as den, 51-52, 54 getting pet used to crate, 54 for housetraining, 51-54

crate training (continued) punishment and, 54 selecting a crate, 53 treats, 54 critical periods adolescent stage, 45-46 description, 39

weeks 3-7 (weaning period), 40-41 weeks 7-12 (socialization), 42-43 weeks 8-12 (fear imprint period), 43 weeks 13 and beyond, 43-44 crotch sniffers, 344 crowd, walking through a, 178-179 cystitis, 55, 157

D.A.P. (Dog Appeasing Pheromone), 156 dashing behaviors, 104-106 daycare centers for dogs, 127 dead ring, collar, 86, 88, 96, 100 defecating in the ring, 198 defense drive aggression and, 161, 164, 165-169 command use versus signal use, 248 complexity of, 165 cues, 76

effect on training, 75, 78-80 fight behaviors, 69, 75, 77-80 flight behaviors, 69, 77-80 Personality Profile and, 73-74, 78-80 Stay command and, 224 switching into and out of, 77 depression, 127-128, 136 desensitizing, for separation anxiety, 156 detection dogs, 336 developing stages adolescent stage, 45-46 as critical periods, 39 sexual maturity, 45, 46-48 weeks 3-7 (weaning period), 40-41 weeks 7-12 (socialization), 42-43 weeks 8-12 (fear imprint period), 43 weeks 13 and beyond, 43-44

dextrose, 298 diapers, 158 digging dealing with, 151-152 holes, 11

as prey drive behavior, 66 reasons for, 152 Directed Jumping (exercise) combining Go Out with Directed Jumping, 280-281 description, 277 distance to target, 278 distractions, 279 Go-Out, teaching, 277-279 points, 260 teaching, 279-280 testing dog's understanding, 280 Utility class, 260 Directed Retrieve (exercise) description, 272-273 left turn in place, 274 points, 260

right about-turn in place, 273 right turn in place, 273 Utility class, 260 discipline, after the fact, 18, 58 discomfort thresholds, 134 distractions breed differences in distractibility, 132-133 in Broad Jump exercise, 257 in Canine Good Citizen test, 180-181, 183 Come command and, 118-119, 220 confidence building with training, 239-240 degrees of, 197

in Directed Jumping exercise, 279 with distractions, 220 in Drop on Recall exercise, 247-248 introducing self-generated, 224 off-leash, 119

patience during training, 240 purpose of training, 220 Ready! command and, 197-198 in Recall exercise, 220 response to visual stimuli, 132-133 in Retrieve Over the High Jump exercise, 254-255

retrieving with, 238-240 in Scent Discrimination exercise, 271 in Signal exercise, 267 Sit for Examination and, 182 stress and, 140 types of, 19 divorce, 151

Dog Appeasing Pheromone (D.A.P.), 156

dog attacks, 172-173

dog camp, 319, 323-324

Dog Tricks: Step by Step (Mary Ann Rombold

Zeigenfuse), 349 dogfights, 166, 172-173 dogwise.com (Web site), 24 dominance, aggression and, 166 Don't Cross This Line (trick), 358-360 Don't Shoot the Dog: The New Art of Teaching and Training (Karen Pryor), 27 door manners, 104-105, 358-359 doorbell manners, 105-106 Down command in Canine Good Citizen test, 179 in Drop on Recall exercise, 243-247 for establishing leadership, 35 reinforcing, 267

response while he's running, 245

response while he's walking, 244

response while you're walking, 245

from Stand position, 265

steps in teaching, 102

stop and drop while coming (off-leash method), 246-247 stop and drop while coming (on-leash method), 246 for stress management, 141 uses, 12 visual cues, 244 Down (hand signal), 103, 265 Down-Stay (exercise) distractions, 225 Long Down exercise, 223-225 object of, 103 Open class, 257-258 reinforcing, 225 as safety exercise, 102-103 uses, 11

Draft Dog tests, 139 dribbling, 158-159 drives. See also specific drives breed differences, 70 bringing out, 76 changing, 81 cues, 76

defense, 69, 73-80, 161, 164-169, 224 effect on training, 70, 74-76, 78-81 pack, 67-68, 74-75, 76 Personality Profile and, 71-74, 78-81 prey, 66-67, 75, 76 switching, 76-77 drooling, excessive, 156, 159 drop from a Stand, 264-265 Drop (hand signal), 267 Drop on Recall (exercise) anticipation of Come, 248 anticipation of Drop, 247 Come command, 243, 248 distractions, ignoring, 247-248 Down command, 243-247 down while he's running, 245 down while he's walking, 244 down while you're walking, 245 Open class, 242 points, 242

stop and drop while coming (off-leash method), 246-247 stop and drop while coming (on-leash method), 246 visual cues, 244 dumbbells. See also retrieving jumping with, 252

in Scent Discrimination exercise, 268 types, 228

ear cropping, 43 Earthdog trials, 332 Easy command, 12, 341 EFAs (essential fatty acids), 292 electric fences, 173 electronic collars, 91, 154

elimination. See also housetraining accidents, 58-59

during Canine Good Citizen test, 184, 185 frequency of, 55 marking behavior, 61-63 picking up after your dog, 57, 62 schedule, 55-56, 57 emotional needs, identifying your dog's, 127-128

emotions, mental sensitivity and, 132 endorphins, 314 energy, 288-289 environment aggression and, 163

dog's perception of his environment, 125-126 emotional needs, 127-128 first impressions, importance of, 126 nutritional needs, 128 signs of negative, 126 social needs, 126-127 enzyme robbing, 299 enzymes, 299 epilepsy, 308 equipment choosing, 84 collars, 85-91 crate, 53

head halters, 91-92 importance of right equipment, 83 leases, 84-85 treats, 93-94 essential fatty acids (EFAs), 292 ethoxyquin, 293 euthanasia, 151 exercise for aggression management, 167 behavior problems from lack of, 146-147 needs, 146, 150 exercise pen, for housetraining, 60-61 expectations appropriate, 16

as factors in training success, 14 realistic, 15 too low, 15 extinguishing a behavior, 108

fats, 291-293

FC (Field Champion) title, 333 fear, causes, 311, 313 fear imprint period second, 45 weeks 8-12, 43 fear-biters, 171-172 feeding beefed-up commercial food, 300-301 commercial kibble, 300 housetraining and, 55-56 Natural Diet, 301-304 schedule, 55-56 self-feeding, 56 feet, handling of, 178, 183 fence, invisible, 173 ferrum phos, 314 Field Champion (FC) title, 333 field trials, 332 fight behaviors aggression and, 165-169 check use, 77

command use versus signal use, 248 effect on training, 78-80 list of, 69

Personality Profile and, 76-74, 78-80 tricks for, 350 Figure 8 (exercise) communicating with your body, 205-206 Novice class, 205-208 off leash, 243 Open class, 242, 243 perfect, 207-208 points, 191, 242 Pre-Novice class, 191 preparing dog for, 206-207 teaching, 207 Find it command, 269, 270, 272 Find Mine (trick), 355-357 Finish (exercise) in Broad Jump exercise, 257 on command or signal, 222-223 in Drop on Recall exercise, 243

to left, 222 to right, 223 Finish (hand signal), 268 first impression, 126, 139 flight behaviors check use, 77 effect on training, 78-80 fear-biters, 171-172 list of, 69

Personality Profile and, 76-74, 78-80 in rescued dogs, 172 Flyball competitions, 334 food aggression and, 171 canned food, 297 carbohydrates, 291 cat food, 228-229

checklist for determining needs, 286

chemicals in, 293

choosing, 128, 286

in crate, 171

enzymes, 299

fats, 291-293

house soiling and, 157, 158

influence on ability to learn, 128

labels, 287, 291

light (lite), 288

low protein, 288

meat, 288-289

minerals, 295

Natural Diet, 301-305

nutritional deficiencies, 285, 290

performance, 287

poor nutrition as cause of behavioral problems, 148 premium, 288

protective behavior, 47, 69, 171 protein, 289-290 puppy, 290, 291 raw, 298-299 semimoist food, 297-298 super premium, 287 table scraps, 305 types, 287-288 vitamins, 293-295 food-on-nose trick, 360-361

Formal Retrieve, wooden dumbbell for, 228 Free (release word), 95 Freestyle, 334-335 freezing behavior, 69 Front (exercise) in Drop on Recall exercise, 243 with dumbbell, 249 generalization of, 249 in Recall exercise, 220-221 in Retrieve on Flat exercise, 249

games, tug of war, 167-168 garbage, raiding of, 11 Gas Station Dog (personality profile), 80 German Shepherd, 333, 334, 336 Gimme Five command, 350-352 ginger cookies, 143, 160 Give command, 230, 232, 234-236, 341 gloves, for Directed Retrieve exercise, 272-276 Go Lie Down command release from, 104 steps in teaching, 103-104 for teaching table manners, 108 uses, 11, 340 Go to Bed command, 53 Golden Retriever, 23, 336-337 Go-Out command, 277-281 grass, eating, 346 greeting in Canine Good Citizen test, 177 change dog's behavior, 98 a dog, in general, 42 a dog, on Sit-Stay, 106 jumping, 95, 106, 343 grief, 128

grooming, for Canine Good Citizen test,

178, 183, 184 group exercises, in Novice class test, 223-225 growling aggression and, 161-162, 165-167 by mother dog, 22 guarding breeds, distractibility of, 133 guests, doorbell manners, 105-106 guide dogs for the blind, 336

hackles up, 69, 70 hand position for Front exercise, 221 rules concerning, 206 for Stand command, 213 hand signal Come, 267-268 Down, 103, 265 Drop, 267 Finish, 268 Heel, 262 Sit, 97, 266, 278 Stand, 262-264 Stay, 99, 221 Handcraft Collars collars, 87 leashes, 84 harness, 85 head halter, 91-92 health acupuncture, 314-315 chiropractic, 312-313 homeopathy, 309, 313-314 hypothyroidism, 311-312 information resources, 315 overvaccination, 307-309 poor health as cause of behavioral problems, 147 heat cycle, 47

Heel command, 111-114, 222, 223 Heel Free (exercise) hand and arm position, 206 Novice class, 200 Open class, 242, 243 points, 200, 242 Heel (hand signal), 262 Heel On Leash (exercise) changes of pace, 203-204 halt, 203

hand position, 206 heeling pattern, 202

Novice class, 200, 201-205 points, 191, 200 Pre-Novice class, 191 Ready! command and, 192-198 transition to Heeling Off Leash, 216-217 turns, 203-205 Heel Position, 98-100, 115 heeling about-turn, 115 changing pace, 204 direction change, 112, 114-115 with distractions, 198-199 Figure 8 exercise, 205-208 for Finish component of Recall exercise,

222, 223 lead off leg, 193

on leash, 111-114, 201-205, 216-217

left turn, 115

in new places, 198

off leash, 218-219

pace change, 115

as pack drive exercise, 202

practicing components of, 202-203

responsibilities during, 199

right turn, 114

sitting at heel, 112

testing understanding of, 205

turns, 204-205

umbilical cord teaching technique, 216-217 walking distinguished from, 111 Heeling Off Leash (exercise) Novice class, 218-219 progressing beyond, 219 teaching, 218-219 hip dysplasia, 298 Hold it command, 233-235, 237 holding objects in mouth, 232-233 The Holistic Guide for a Healthy Dog (Wendy Volhard and Kerry Brown, DVM), 285, 294, 302, 309 homeopathy, 143, 309, 313-314 hoop, jumping through, 357-358 hormones, at puberty, 47 hounds, distractibility of, 133

house soiling causes, 157-158 separation anxiety and, 156 housetraining accidents, 58-59 adult dog, 59 apartment dog, 59 car travel and, 63 catching dog in the act, 59 commands for, 57 crate-training, 51-54 elimination schedule, 55-56, 57 exercise pen, 60-61 influence of age at separation from mother, 17 keys to success, 55 marking behavior, 61-63 picking up after your dog, 57, 62 punishment, 58-59 regressions, 59 signs, watching for, 57-58 toilet area, establishing, 56-57 Housetraining For Dummies (Susan

McCullough), 63 hula hoop, jumping through, 357-358 humectants, 293 Hunter (personality profile), 79 hunting tests, 332 Hurry Up command, 57 hydrophobinum, 314 hyperactivity positive stress and, 136 as sign of negative perception of environment, 126 hypericum, 314

hypothyroidism, 49-50, 311-312 ignatia, 314

immune system, depression with anxiety, 137 incontinence, 157

Indefinite Listing Privilege (ILP), 192 inducements, primary and secondary, 24

Innotek Instant Pet Barrier, 342 instinctive behaviors breed differences, 70 defense drive, 69, 75-80 description, 65-66 eating weeds or grass, 346 effect of drives on training, 70, 74-76, 78-81

pack drive, 67-68, 74-80 prey drive, 66-67, 75-80 instructor, dog training, 318-320 insulin, 298 intelligence, 131 intention behavior, 232

International Veterinary Acupuncture Society

(IVAS) (Web site), 315 invisible fence, 23, 173

irritability, as sign of negative perception of environment, 126 isolation as punishment, 13

Jump command, 251-253, 279, 280, 357-358 jumping Broad Jump exercise, 255-257 Directed Jumping exercise, 277-281 as prey drive behavior, 67 Retrieve Over the High Jump exercise, 249-255 jumping up on people as form of greeting, 95 reason for, 343 Sit Command use, 339-340 Sit-Stay command and, 106 Junior Courser (JC) title, 333 Junior Earthdog (JE) title, 332 juvenile flakies, 45-46

Kammerer, Klaus Dieter (The Thirty Years

War: 1966-1996), 298 kennel club, locating, 175

Kilcommons, Brian (Paws to Consider: Choosing the Right Dog for You and Your Family), 23 Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XI-205

(W.B. Saunders Co.), 308 Kong Company TOTs (Training Opportunity Treats), 94, 230 toys, 44, 154

Web site, 44, 94, 154, 230 Kramer, Charles "Bud" (dog trainer), 328

labels, food, 287, 291 Labrador Retriever, 23, 336-337 latent learning, 138 lavender, oil of, 171 lead, 296

leadoff leg, for heeling, 193 learning latent, 138

stressful nature of, 138-139 leash attachment to training collar, 96 for Canine Good Citizen test, 176 canvas, 84 chain, 85

holding in Control Position, 194 leather, 84 length, 84 nylon, 84

in Show position, 205 width, 84 leash training about-turn, 115 changing direction, 114-115 changing pace, 115 Come command and, 117-119 dragging the leash, 96 heeling on leash, 111-114 importance of, 110 left turn, 115 puppies, 96 right turn, 114

teaching heeling and, 204-205 teaching not to pull, 110-111 leather articles, retrieving, 268-269 leash, 84 Leave It command description, 342 steps in teaching, 120-121 taking something from dog's mouth, 167 testing, 121-122 ledum, 314 left turn in Canine Good Citizen test, 178 in place, 274 teaching, 115 leg, obedience trial, 200 lethargy negative stress and, 136 as sign of negative perception of environment, 126 Let's go command, 244-245, 263, 276 lick granulomas, 312 life expectancy, 10 linoleic acid, 292 live ring, collar, 86, 88, 110 liver treats, 94 loneliness chewing and, 155 overcoming, 146 separation anxiety and, 155 Long Down (exercise) for aggression management, 168 distractions, 225

for establishing leadership, 36-37, 145 Novice class, 200, 223-225 Open class, 242, 257-258 points, 192, 200, 242 Pre-Novice class, 192 reinforcing, 225 time and distance, 224-225 when to practice, 37 Long Sit (exercise) distractions, 224

for establishing leadership, 36-37 Novice class, 200, 223 Open class, 242, 257-258

points, 192, 200, 242 Pre-Novice class, 192 reinforcing, 224, 225 time and distance, 224-225 when to practice, 37 yo-yo game, 223 lure coursing, 333

M. Evans & Co. (The Roger Caras Dog Book: A Complete Guide to Every AKC Breed), 23, 116

marking behavior, 61-63, 344

marking, in Directed Retrieve exercise, 274

marrow bones, 44

massage, for stress management, 141 Master Agility (MX) title, 329 Master Earthdog (ME) title, 332 McCullough, Susan (Housetraining For

Dummies), 63 meat, 288-289 memory, 209 mental sensitivity, 132 mental stagnation, 148 metal articles, retrieving, 268-269 mimicking, 152 minerals, 295 modeling, 34 mold inhibitors, 293 Most, Konrad (dog trainer) on positive reinforcement, 139 Training Dogs: A Manual, 24 mother, puppy training by, 22, 40 motion sickness, 159-160 motivation for excessive barking, 154 hand signal to heel, 262 maintaining in Utility class exercises, 261-262 Motivational Retrieve, 252-253 mounting behavior, 48, 345 mouth, opening dog's, 230 Moving Stand with Examination (exercise), 276 points, 260 Utility class, 260

muzzle for aggression management, 168-169 stigma associated with, 169 training to, 169

name, use before command, 32, 222 napcc.aspca.org (Web site), 315 Natural Diet benefits, 302-303 from PHD products, 301 recipe, 301-304 transferring to, 303 Natural Diet Foundation, 315 negative punishment, 25-27, 28 negative reinforcement, 25-26 nesting behavior, 347 neutering advantages, 48 disadvantages, 49-50 timing of, 49 Newfoundland Club of America Water Test, 139 nitrates, 296

No command, 31-32, 342 nonqualification, 198 nonreinforced repetition, 209-210 North American Dog Agility Council

(NADAC), 328 North American Flyball Association

(Web site), 334 North American Skijoring and Ski Pulk

Association (Web site), 335 nose, food on, 360-361 Novice Agility (NA) title, 329 Novice class, 20, 200-201 nutrition bones, 304-305 canned food, 297 carbohydrates, 291 chemicals in foods, 293 choosing dog food, 286 deficiencies, 285, 290 dog food types, 287-288

nutrition (continued) effect on behavior, 148 enzymes, 299 fats, 291-293 food labels, 287, 291 meat, 288-289 minerals, 295 Natural Diet, 301-304 protein, 289-290 puppy, 290, 291 raw, 298-299 semimoist food, 297-298 vitamins, 293-295 nux vomica, 314 nylon leash, 84

slip-on collars, 86 snap-around collars, 86-89

obedience classes/training advanced classes, 322 choosing classes, 320-321 to deal with inappropriate behaviors, 150 description, 318-319 fear-biters and, 172 puppy classes, 321-322 purpose, 319 socialization and, 318 sources, 319-320 obedience trials Agility, 20, 330

American Kennel Club and, 19, 190 Are you ready? (question from judge), 216 automatic nonqualification, 198 Canine Good Citizen test, 20, 175-185 history, 19, 242

Indefinite Listing Privilege (ILP), 192

leg, 200

level of difficulty, 190

Novice, 20, 200-201 Open, 20, 241-242 Pre-Novice, 190-192 Rally, 20, 208-209

ring size, 192 signing up for, 192 Utility, 20, 260-261 obeying commands, reasons for, 15-16 obsessive-compulsive behavior, 312 Off command, 341-342 oils, 292-293

Okay (release word), 95, 101 Open Agility (OA) title, 329 Open class Companion Dog Excellent title, 241 history of competitions, 242 level of complexity, 20 required exercises, 242 operant conditioning clicker training, 27-28 quadrants, 25-26 terminology, 27 The Other One (trick), 352 Out command, 250 Out-of-Sight Stays, 257-258 Over command, 255-257 overvaccination, 147

pace, changing while heeling, 115, 203-204 pacing, separation anxiety and, 156 pack drive aggression and, 169-171 behaviors associated with, 67-68 cues, 76

effect on training, 74-75, 78-80 Novice class exercises, 200, 201 Open class exercises, 242 Personality Profile and, 73-74, 78-80 rolling behavior, 346 separation anxiety and, 155 signs of who is in charge, 33 Stay command and, 224 switching from defense drive into, 77 switching from prey drive into, 77 switching into prey drive, 77 taking charge, 32-33 tricks for, 350

Utility class exercises, 260-261

pack leader assuming role as, 34-37 Bill of Rights, 32-33 Down command, 35

Long Sit and Down exercise for establishing,

36-37 need for, 33

signs for determining, 33 Sit command, 34 pancreas, 298

Parson Russell Terrier, temperament of, 131 patience, teaching dog, 237 Pavlov, Ivan (scientist), 25 Paws to Consider: Choosing the Right Dog for You and Your Family (Brian Kilcommons and Sarah Wilson), 23 persistence, 31 personality distractibility, 133-134 mental sensitivity, 132 sound sensitivity, 134 temperament, 131-132 touch sensitivity, 134 Personality Profile applying results to training, 78-81 charting results, 74 Couch Potato, 79 description, 71 Gas Station Dog, 80 Hunter, 79 questions, 72-73 Runner, 80 scoring profile, 73 Shadow, 80 Teacher's Pet, 80 teaching tricks and, 350 Pet Health and Nutrition Center, 315 petting, sitting politely for, 177-178, 182 pH, urine, 296 PHD Products Natural Diet Foundation (NDF) formula, 301 Web site, 313, 315 Wellness, 295 pheromones, 156 phosphorus, 314

pick-up, teaching, 235-236 pinch collar perceptions of, 90 placing on dog, 90 pros and cons of, 89 sizes, 89 testimonial, 90 walking dog, 111 play, biting during, 163 Play Dead (trick), 354-355 play retrieve, 249 poison control, 315 police dog, 333

polyunsaturated fat, 291, 292-293 positive punishment, 25-27, 28 positive reinforcement, 25-27, 28 potency, homeopathic remedies, 313 pound, 151 praise in Canine Good Citizen test, 181 distinguishing from release, 101, 214 Stand command and, 212, 214 tone of voice, 97 verbal nature of, 97 Pre-Novice class description, 190-191 requirements for, 191-192 preservatives, 293 prevention, 29 prey drive aggression and, 165 behaviors associated with, 66-67 cues, 76

digging and, 152 effect on training, 75, 78-80 Novice class exercises and, 201 Open class exercises, 242 Personality Profile and, 73-74, 78-80 retrieving and, 228, 229 signal use and, 248 switching from pack drive into, 77 switching into pack drive, 77 target training and, 250 tricks for, 350 Utility class exercises, 261 primary inducements, 24

private dog trainer, 319, 322-323 problem solving, 66 prong collar, 89, 111 propyl gallate, 293 prostate problems, 48 protein amount in diet, 289 deficiencies, 290 Pryor, Karen (Don't Shoot the Dog: the New

Art of Teaching and Training), 27 puberty, 47

pulling, teaching dog not to, 110-111 punishment accidents and, 58-59 after the fact, 29 crates and, 54 isolation, 13

in operant conditioning, 25-27, 28 puppy biting, 163, 170 food, 290, 291 mother training of, 22 training classes, 321-322 puppy behavior adolescent stage, 45-46 learning from mother, 40 learning from other puppies, 41 problems with delaying separation from canine family, 40 problems with early separation from canine family, 41 weeks 3-7 (weaning period), 40-41 weeks 7-12 (socialization), 42-43 weeks 8-12 (fear imprint period), 43 weeks 13 and beyond, 43-44

rabies vaccination, 308, 309 radon, 296

Rally Advanced class, 209 Rally Advanced Excellent class, 209 Rally class description, 20, 208 levels, 209 scoring, 208

Rally Excellent class, 209 Rally Novice class, 209 random rewards, 98 rank order, aggression and, 162 raw food, 298-299 rawhide chew toys, 44

reaction to another dog, Canine Good Citizen test, 180, 183 reaction to distractions, Canine Good Citizen test, 180-181, 183 reading your dog cues, 17-18

failure to read in time, 18-19 Ready! command Control Position, 193-194, 195 focusing attention, 194 ignoring distractions, 197-198 introducing command, 195 reinforcing, 196-197 response to command, 195-196 rewarding response, 196 usefulness of, 192-193 reasoning, 66 Recall (exercise) components, 219 difference from traditional Come command, 219 Novice class, 200 points, 191, 200 Pre-Novice class, 191 reinforcement of commands, 32, 210 of Down command, 267 in operant conditioning, 25-27, 28 of Ready! command, 196-197 of Sit command, 266, 267 of Stay command, 100, 224, 225 successive nonreinforced repetitions, 209-210 release anticipation of, 105 backward, 220 movement during, 105 praise distinguished from, 101 self-release, 95, 104, 105 tone of voice, 107 word, 95, 101

rescued dogs flight behaviors, 172 overprotectiveness from, 170 separation anxiety in, 155 Rescue Remedy, 143 Retrieve command, 237 Retrieve on the Flat (exercise) description, 248-249 Open class, 242 points, 242 Retrieve Over the High Jump (exercise) distractions, ignoring, 254 getting used to the jump, 251 height of jump, 251, 254 jumping from different angles, 252 Motivational Retrieve, 252 Open class, 242 points, 242

raising the jump height, 253-254 target training, 249-250 teach dog to wait, 253 teaching to jump holding dumbbell, 252 teaching to jump on his own, 251 retrieving changing objects, 239-240 chasing to retrieve, 236-237 component behaviors, 228 with distractions, 238-240 dumbbell types, 228 equipment needed to teach, 228-229 Find Mine trick, 355-357 Give command, 230, 232, 234-236 Hold it command, 233, 234, 235, 237 holding the object, 232-233 intention behavior, signs of, 232 introducing object of retrieve, 229-231 patience, teaching, 237 pick-up, teaching, 235-236 play, 249

prey drive, 228, 229 reach for retrieve, 234 stress during, 234

Take it command, 229, 230, 232, 234-237 walking after, 234-235 Return behind dog, teaching, 215

reward cat food, 228-229 in operant conditioning, 27 random, 98 Ready! command, 196 for sitting, 97 in traditional training, 27 Rhus Tox (homeopathic remedy), 314, 346 right about-turn in place, 273 right turn in Canine Good Citizen test, 178 in place, 273 teaching, 114 ring, size, 192 roaming in adolescence, 43-44 neutering and, 48, 50 The Roger Caras Dog Book: A Complete Guide to Every AKC Breed (M. Evans & Co.), 23, 116 Roll Over (trick), 352-353 rolling behavior, 346 rosemary extract, 293 Runner (personality profile), 80 running away, 43-44

safety, of a well-trained dog, 10 saturated fat, 291-292 Scat Mats, 342 scent board, 269-271 Scent Discrimination (exercise) description, 268

discriminating between scent of two people,

270-271 distractions, 271 Find game, introduction to, 269 points, 260

Scent board use, 269-271 teaching, 270 Turn and Send, 272 Utility class, 260

weaning dog off scent board use, 271

Schutzhund training, 333 scooting behavior, 347 secondary inducements, 24 seizures, 308, 311 semimoist food, 297-298 Senior Courser (SC) title, 333 Senior Earthdog (SE) title, 332 separation anxiety causes, 155 D.A.P., 156 desensitization, 156 in rescue dogs, 155 signs of, 156 separation related behaviors (SRB), 155 sequencing, 349-350 sequestrants, 293 service dogs, 336 sex, discovery by dog, 46 sexual maturity, 45, 46-48 Shadow (personality profile), 80 Shake command, 350-352 Show position, 205 Signal (exercise) Come signal, 267-268 description, 262 distractions, 267 Down signal, 265 drop from Stand, 264-265 Drop signal, 267 Finish signal, 268 Heel signal, 262 increasing distances, 267 points, 260

reinforcing the Sit, 266, 267 sit from Down, 266 Sit signal, 266 Stand signal, 262-264 Utility class, 260 single-dog syndrome, 147 Sit at Heel position, 112, 113 Sit command Canine Good Citizen test, 179 as convenience command, 339-340 from Down position, 266 for establishing leadership, 34 reinforcing, 266, 267

as safety command, 339 steps in teaching, 97-98 uses, 11

Sit for Examination (exercise), 182, 215-216 Sit (hand signal), 97, 266, 278 Sit Up and Beg (trick), 350, 355 Sit-Stay (exercise) in Directed Jumping exercise, 277-280 distractions, 224 greeting a dog on, 106 importance in Canine Good Citizen test,

182, 183 importance of, 97 Long Sit exercise, 223-225 Open class, 257-258 reinforcing, 106, 224, 225 teaching, 98-100

for teaching door manners, 104-105 for teaching doorbell manners, 106 testing, 100-101 usefulness of, 96-97 yo-yo game, 225 sitting

Automatic Sit at Heel, 203 from a Down, 266

sitting politely for petting, in Canine Good Citizen test, 177-178, 182 skijoring, 335

Skinner, B.F. (theoretical behaviorist), 25 slip-on collars, 86 snap-around collars checks, response to, 88 components of, 87 placing on dog, 87-88 pros and cons of, 87 slip-on compared, 86-87 tightness, 88 sniffing, 57-58, 344 social hierarchy, 68

social needs, recognizing your dog's, 126-127 socialization aggression, influence on, 163-164, 170 bonding to people, 40 to children, 42 as continuing process, 147 critical nature of, 42

obedience class, 318 to other dogs, 147 with other dogs, 42-43 in weaning period, 40-41 sound sensitivity, 134 spaying benefits of, 48-49 disadvantages, 49-50 timing of, 49 Speak on Command (exercise), 242 sporting activities agility, 328-330 AKC performance titles, 327 assistance dogs, 336-337 detection dogs, 336 Earthdog trials, 332 field trials, 332 flyball, 334 Freestyle, 334-335 hunting tests, 332 lure coursing, 333 Schutzhund training, 333-334 skijoring, 335 tracking, 331 SRB (separation related behaviors), 155 stain remover, 58 stair manners, 105, 358-359 Stand command hand placement, 212-213 hands-off method, 213-214 hands-on method, 213 in Moving Stand with Examination exercise, 276 in Signal exercise, 264 in Take a Bow trick, 361 teaching, 212-214 Stand for Examination (exercise) appearance in the ring, 212 front feet, locking, 212 leaving in Stand-Stay position, 214-215 Novice class, 200, 211-216 points, 191, 200 Pre-Novice class, 191 teaching for actual examination, 215-216

teaching return, 215 teaching Stand command, 212-214 teaching Stand-Stay command, 214 usefulness of, 211 Stand (hand signal), 262-264 Stand-Stay (exercise) leaving in position, 214-215 teaching, 214 Stay command Canine Good Citizen test, 179 distractions, 224 Don't Cross This Line trick, 359 in food on nose trick, 360-361 importance of, 201 Long Sit/Long Down and, 223-225 in Moving Stand with Examination exercise, 276 in Recall exercise, 219-220 reinforcing, 100, 225

in Retrieve Over the High Jump exercise, 253 self-release, 340 steps in teaching, 98-100 time and distance, 224-225 use when feeding, 340 Stay (hand signal), 99, 221 Step and Point procedure, 256-257 Straight Recalls, 247 stress distraction training and, 140 extrinsic sources, 137-138 first impression and, 139 hyperactivity and, 136 intrinsic sources, 137 learning and, 138-139 managing, 140-141 as natural part of life, 135 negative, 136, 141 positive, 136, 141 during retrieve, 234 symptoms of, 137 understanding, 135-136 submissive wetting, 158-159 successive nonreinforced repetitions, principle of, 209-210 sugar, 298

sulphur, 314

supervised separation, Canine Good Citizen test, 181, 183-184 suppression energy of a behavior, 164

table manners, 107-108

table scraps, 305

tail spinning behavior, 151

Take a Bow (trick), 361-362

Take it command, 229, 230, 232, 234-237,

274-275 tapeworms, 347 target training, 249-250 Teacher's Pet (personality profile), 80 teething, 44, 150, 154 temperament, 131-132 temperament test, in Novice class, 201 terrible twos, 45 terriers, distractibility of, 132 territory, marking, 344 texturizers, 293

thedog8it! Inc. (treat manufacturer), 94, 230 therapy dogs, 337

The Thirty Years War: 1966-1996 (Marc Torel and Klaus Dieter Kammerer), 298 30-minute Down, for aggression management, 168 thuja, 314

thunder, fear of, 134

thyroid gland, 49-50, 291, 311-312

timeframe, behavior, 164

titer test, 308-310

tocopherol, 293

toilet area, establishing, 56-57

tolerating your dog's behavior problems, 149

Torel, Marc (The Thirty Years War:

1966-1996), 298 TOTs (Training Opportunity Treats), 94, 230 touch sensitivity collar selection and, 90 effect on training, 134 influences on, 134

toys protective behavior, 47, 69 soft and fuzzy, 44 for teething, 44, 150, 155 Tracking Dog Excellent (TDX) title, 331 Tracking Dog (TD) title, 331 tracking titles, 331 trainer, private, 319, 322-323 training abstention, 21, 22, 85 action, 21 age of dog and, 17 for aggression management, 167 for Canine Good Citizen test, 182 by dog of you, 13-14 factors influencing success, 14-16 mental stimulation from, 148 training collar buckle collar compared, 85 citronella, 91 electronic, 91 leash attachment to, 96 pinch, 89-91 placing on dog, 87-88 purpose of, 85 slip-on, 86 snap around, 86-89 Training Dogs: A Manual (Konrad Most), 24 training equipment choosing, 84 collars, 85-91 head halters, 91-92 importance of right equipment, 83 leases, 84-85 treats, 93-94 training model clicker, 27-28 operant, 25-28 selecting, 22-28 traditional, 24-27 Training Opportunity Treats (TOTs), 94, 230 travel crate for car travel, 52 housetraining and, 63 treats for crate use, 54

Index 383

ginger cookies, 160 Kong, 94

as lure or inducement, 93 random reward, 98 recipe for homemade liver treats, 94 as reward, 93 selecting ideal, 93-94 teaching commands with, 120-122 for teaching Figure 8 exercise, 207 teaching turns with, 204 thedog8it!, 94 use in chute training, 221 use in Recall training, 221 use in target training, 249-250 when teaching commands, 97-98 when they don't work, 94 where to carry, 93 tricks

Don't Cross This Line, 358-360 fight drive and, 350 Find Mine, 355-357 food on nose, 360-361 High Five, 350-352

jumping through arms or hoop, 357-358 The Other One, 352 pack drive and, 350 Play Dead, 354-355 prey drive and, 350 Roll Over, 352-353 sequencing, 349-350 Sit Up and Beg, 350, 355 Take a Bow, 361-362 triggers, aggression, 165, 166-167, 169-170 Trumler, Eberhard (behaviorist), 161 trust, establishing, 29-33 tug of war, 167-168 Turn and Send (exercise), 272, 276 turns in place left, 274 right, 273

right about-turn, 273

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